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  • food intake
  • The energy-intense nature of hepatic and extrahepatic urea osmolyte production for renal water conservation requires reprioritization of energy and substrate metabolism in liver and skeletal muscle, resulting in hepatic ketogenesis and glucocorticoid-driven muscle catabolism, which are prevented by increasing food intake. (jci.org)
  • Therefore by adhering to the 9 point body condition scale, and adjusting food intake accordingly, owners will be able to maintain their puppy at an appropriate weight throughout its growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Highest satiety value is expected when the food that remains in the stomach for a longer period produces greatest functional activity of the organ Limiting the food intake after reaching the satiety value helps reduce obesity problems Foods with great satiety value: Cabbage as it does not contribute much to weight gain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Australia's Human Nutrition conducted a study on the effect of meal content in lean women's diets on the thermic effect of food and found that the inclusion of an ingredient containing increased soluble fibre and amylose did not reduce spontaneous food intake but rather was associated with higher subsequent energy intakes despite its reduced glycaemic and insulinemic effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consumption
  • This article will inspect the countries with the highest carbohydrate consumption. (worldatlas.com)
  • The upward shift in energy intake may partly consist of the consumption of soft drinks (2-5). (39kf.com)
  • Conduct a pilot intervention to increase consumption of high-DHA, low-mercury fish in pregnancy. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Due to its energy consumption, desalinating sea water is generally more costly than fresh water from rivers or groundwater, water recycling and water conservation. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, some meta-analyses of clinical trials and cohort studies have provided evidence against the recommendation for reduced intake of saturated fat, and some health journalists, scientists, and one trade association continue to reject the recommendation to reduce consumption of saturated fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2014 systematic review looking at observational studies of dietary intake of fatty acids, observational studies of measured fatty acid levels in the blood, and intervention studies of polyunsaturated fat supplementation concluded that the findings ″do not support cardiovascular guidelines that promote high consumption of long-chain omega-3 and omega-6 and polyunsaturated fatty acids and suggest reduced consumption of total saturated fatty acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • insulin
  • In the example chart, a pattern is easy to visualize: mornings tend to be a bit high (more insulin is needed at night) and there is a pattern of lows occurring after dinner (perhaps dinner insulin or the afternoon basal rates could be turned down). (wikipedia.org)
  • In the example pie chart shown, it appears there is an opportunity to improve morning lows and afternoon highs with insulin adjustments. (wikipedia.org)
  • dietary intake
  • Another study evaluated how hedonic ratings of individual foods aggregate into the food components of particular types of meals, and related preferences to overall dietary intake. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2014, a systematic review and meta-analysis of 72 published studies totaling 530,525 participants, looked at observational studies of dietary intake of fatty acids, observational studies of measured fatty acid levels in the blood, and intervention studies of polyunsaturated fat supplementation. (wikipedia.org)
  • obese
  • Women who are poor and of lower social status are more likely to be obese than women of higher socioeconomic status. (nyhq.org)
  • Binge-eaters, obese individuals and those with eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa scored higher than restrictive type and normal weight college students. (wikipedia.org)
  • Subjects
  • The participants had to keep a prospective diet records for seven consecutive days a measure that was necessary to determine their baseline energy intake and Subjects were assigned to four groups in a monotonic experimental design of energy availability treatments. (blogspot.com)
  • As you can see in Figure 2 the amount of available energy ranged from ~10kcal/kg lean body mass (LBM) in the group who had been assigned to the lowest amount of Ensure, a liquid food product that was the only food source the subjects received during the treatment period to ~40kcal/kg lean body mass in the group with the highest intakes. (blogspot.com)
  • desalination
  • Reverse osmosis plant membrane systems typically use less energy than thermal desalination processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Energy cost in desalination processes varies considerably depending on water salinity, plant size and process type. (wikipedia.org)
  • At present the cost of seawater desalination, for example, is higher than traditional water sources, but it is expected that costs will continue to decrease with technology improvements that include, but are not limited to, improved efficiency, reduction in plants footprint, improvements to plant operation and optimization, more effective feed pretreatment, and lower cost energy sources. (wikipedia.org)
  • levels
  • The major direct impacts are associated with the frequent requirement to site plants in sensitive coastal areas already subject to pressure from urbanisation, their high levels of energy demand, the design and operation of intake and outflow structures and effluent issues with concentrated brines, biocides and chemicals used in cleaning and defouling and corrosion byproducts," wrote Dickie. (wordpress.com)
  • Limited crop exports (exports focused on very limited variety) has been linked to high poverty levels. (worldatlas.com)
  • Here, we have demonstrated that urine concentration, and therefore regulation of water conservation, is an important control system for urine formation and extracellular volume homeostasis in mice and humans across various levels of salt intake. (jci.org)
  • Protein intake must be sufficient to achieve normal growth without negative effects such as acidosis, uremia , and elevated levels of circulating amino acids . (nih.gov)
  • Gestational diabetes is the third main form, and occurs when pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop high blood sugar levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result, canine athletes require specialized nutrition in order to perform at high levels during events and for maintenance and recovery. (wikipedia.org)
  • percentage
  • Eating a diet in which a high percentage of calories come from sugary, high-fat, refined foods promotes weight gain. (nyhq.org)
  • The water content of milk and dairy products varies with the percentage of butterfat so that whole milk has the lowest percentage of water and skimmed milk has the highest. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ascertaining DMI can be useful for low-energy feeds with a high percentage of water in order to ensure adequate energy intake. (wikipedia.org)
  • greater
  • The review authors searched the medical literature to identify studies that compared protein intake as follows: between 3 and 4 g of protein per kg of infant body weight each day versus less than 3.0 g/kg/d or greater than 4.0 g/kg/d by low birth weight infants fed formula during their initial hospital stay. (nih.gov)
  • Increased protein intake resulted in greater weight gain of around 2.0 g/kg/d. (nih.gov)
  • 2. High protein intake if the amount was equal to or greater than 3.0 g/kg/d but less than 4.0 g/kg/d. (nih.gov)
  • In comparison to the average dog, a performance or sporting dog requires a greater protein intake. (wikipedia.org)
  • metabolism
  • The purpose of their study was to characterize the functional relationship between energy availability and thyroid metabolism to gain insight into the extent of he dietary reform that might be necessary. (blogspot.com)
  • requirement
  • From 40% to 80% of adult body weight, energy requirements decrease to 1.6 times the adult requirement, and from 80% to the end of growth, this decreases further to 1.2 times the adult energy requirement. (wikipedia.org)
  • liquid
  • Most "liquid-cooled" engines use some air cooling, with the intake stroke of air cooling the combustion chamber. (wikipedia.org)
  • moisture
  • If non-soluble or non-fermentable fiber is found within the diet, the animal is likely to experience increased fecal bulk and moisture as well as a diluted energy intake. (wikipedia.org)
  • frequent
  • When binge eating occurs without the presence of energy deprivation, researchers think it is due to frequent exposure to palatable food. (wikipedia.org)