• citation needed] The diagnosis of autoimmune hepatitis is best achieved with a combination of clinical, laboratory, and histological findings after excluding other etiological factors (e.g. viral, hereditary, metabolic, cholestatic, and drug-induced diseases). (wikipedia.org)
  • Expert opinion has been summarized by the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group, which has published criteria which utilize clinical and laboratory data that can be used to help determine if a patient has autoimmune hepatitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Autoimmune hepatitis frequently appears associated with other autoimmune conditions, mainly celiac disease, vasculitis, and autoimmune thyroiditis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Those with autoimmune hepatitis who do not respond to glucocorticoids and azathioprine may be given other immunosuppressives like mycophenolate, ciclosporin, tacrolimus, methotrexate, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Autoimmune hepatitis is not a benign disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite a good initial response to immunosuppression, recent studies suggest that the life expectancy of patients with autoimmune hepatitis is lower than that of the general population. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hepatitis B is transmitted when blood, semen, or another body fluid from a person infected with the Hepatitis B virus enters the body of someone who is not infected. (cdc.gov)
  • The World Hepatitis Alliance provides global leadership in awareness-raising, advocacy and in the journey to find the missing millions. (worldhepatitisalliance.org)
  • Subsequently, in 2007, these groups formed the World Hepatitis Alliance to manage, organise and promote World Hepatitis Day. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2012, the World Hepatitis Alliance was granted official Relations status with the World Health Organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Supported by continued efforts from the World Hepatitis Alliance the GHSS was adopted within resolution WHA69.22 by 194 governments at the 69th World Health Assembly, in 2016. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2015, the first World Hepatitis Summit was convened by the World Health Organization and World Hepatitis Alliance with the aim of uniting World Hepatitis Alliance members, civil society groups, representatives from WHO Member States, public health specialists, pharmaceutical companies and media. (wikipedia.org)
  • On 8 March 2018, WHO launched the "Progress report on access to hepatitis C treatment" which is an update on the first edition, published in 2016. (worldhepatitisalliance.org)
  • Depending on the country, hepatitis C virus infection can be concentrated in certain populations (for example, among people who inject drugs) and/or in general populations. (who.int)
  • In the UK, most hepatitis C infections occur in people who inject drugs or have injected them in the past. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Those persons at greatest risk for contracting hepatitis B include intravenous drug users, sexual partners of individuals with the disease, health care workers who are not adequately immunized, and recipients of organ transplants or blood transfusions. (britannica.com)
  • Both hepatitis B and hepatitis C are commonly spread through infected blood such as may occur during needle sharing by intravenous drug users. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinically, it is comparable to hepatitis A, but in pregnant women, the disease is more often severe and is associated with a clinical syndrome called fulminant liver failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • HDV recognizes its receptor via the N-terminal domain of the large hepatitis B surface antigen, HBsAg. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following the primary course of 3 vaccinations, a blood test may be taken after an interval of 1-4 months to establish if there has been an adequate response, which is defined as an anti-hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-Hbs) antibody level above 100 mIU/ml. (wikipedia.org)
  • When used alongside other drugs it also worked much faster than any other hepatitis C treatments and had both fewer side effects and much higher success rates. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Significant progress has been made in treating and even curing hepatitis C. Older hepatitis C treatments usually required weekly injections, had serious side effects, and often were not effective. (kidshealth.org)
  • Effective treatments for hepatitis C are available but expensive. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moore, Elaine A. Hepatitis: Causes, Treatments and Resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of this, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend that all babies get the first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine within 12-24 hours of birth. (kidshealth.org)
  • The complication more frequently occurs in instances of hepatitis B and D co-infection at a rate of 2-20% and in pregnant women with hepatitis E at rate of 15-20% of cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Liver disease is another fatal complication of hepatitis X. This could potentially lead to abdominal pain, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, chest pain, and an altered bowel habit. (wikipedia.org)
  • In most cases, older kids and teens who get hepatitis B recover and may develop a natural immunity to future hepatitis B infections. (kidshealth.org)
  • The Hepatitis E virus, or HEV, is the causative agent of Hepatitis E. Its taxonomic name is Orthohepevirus A. The global burden of infections from the two major genotypes (1 and 2) is estimated at 20 million per year, leading to 70,000 deaths and 3,000 stillbirths. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is no treatment for hepatitis A other than rest, a balanced diet, and avoiding alcohol. (webmd.com)
  • Better known as Sovaldi, the drug managed to recast hepatitis C from a hard-to-treat illness into an easily managed one that can be cured in just a few months. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Hepatitis A can remain in the stool for several months after the initial illness, especially in babies and younger children. (kidshealth.org)
  • The Murine coronavirus, Mouse hepatitis virus (MHV), is a coronavirus that causes an epidemic murine illness with high mortality, especially among colonies of laboratory mice. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ischemic hepatitis can be caused by a number of reasons (that lead to low blood pressure) including: Abnormal heart rhythm Heart failure Infection Hypovolemic shock (e.g., due to profuse bleeding) Blood clots (hepatic artery after surgery) The mechanism of ischemic hepatitis depends on the etiopathogenetic origin, be it a cardiomyopathy, cardiac tamponade, trauma, or bleeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are six treatment options approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) available for persons with a chronic hepatitis B infection: alpha-interferon, pegylated interferon, adefovir, entecavir, telbivudine, and lamivudine. (wikipedia.org)