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  • obese
  • For someone who is 5-feet 9-inches tall, a weight over 203 pounds is considered obese, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (webmd.com)
  • Compared to normal weight women, the researchers found that the obese women had a thicker left ventricle, which is the heart's main pumping chamber. (webmd.com)
  • Obese women also didn't pump blood as efficiently as normal weight women. (webmd.com)
  • Although BMI is not a direct or perfect measure of body fat, kids at or above the 95th percentile are considered obese, a term doctors use to indicate excess body fat, which increases the risk of weight-related health problems. (kidshealth.org)
  • The most widely used is the Du Bois, Du Bois formula, which has been shown to be equally as effective in estimating body fat in obese and non-obese patients, something the Body mass index fails to do. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ideal body weight, specifically the Devine formula, is used clinically for multiple reasons, most commonly in estimating renal function in drug dosing, and predicting pharmacokinetics in morbidly obese patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gastric bypass is indicated for the surgical treatment of morbid obesity, a diagnosis which is made when the patient is seriously obese, has been unable to achieve satisfactory and sustained weight loss by dietary efforts, and suffers from comorbid conditions which are either life-threatening or a serious impairment to the quality of life. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is also estimated that by the time 25- to 29-year-olds of 2000 reach the age of 60-64 (2040), over one third will be obese. (wikipedia.org)
  • skinfold
  • Skinfold calipers or "pinch test" The skin at several specific points on the body is pinched and the thickness of the resulting fold is measured. (wikipedia.org)
  • overestimate
  • A limitation that should be kept in mind is that BMI may overestimate body fat in athletes and others who have a muscular build. (cardiosmart.org)
  • Such representations would be skewed downward as people tend to overestimate their height and under-report their weight, the two key criteria to determine a BMI reading. (wikipedia.org)
  • ratio
  • The modern term "body mass index" (BMI) for the ratio of human body weight to squared height was coined in a paper published in the July 1972 edition of the Journal of Chronic Diseases by Ancel Keys and others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some athletes (e.g. gymnasts, basketball and soccer players) have a high muscle to fat ratio and may have a BMI that is misleadingly high relative to their body fat percentage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Typically
  • The American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery reports that people typically lose between 60 and 75 percent of their excess weight in the first year after surgery, and maintain 50 percent of their excess weight loss five years after surgery. (dukehealth.org)
  • The resulting weight loss, typically dramatic, markedly reduces comorbidities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Across a wide variety of human traits studied, there is typically minimal shared-environment influence, considerable non-shared environment influence, and a large genetic component (mostly additive), which is on average ~50% and sometimes much higher for some traits such as height or intelligence. (wikipedia.org)
  • population
  • The updated Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA2) was used to quantify steady state beta-cell function (%B). HOMA2-%B is a computer model that uses fasting plasma insulin and glucose concentrations to estimate %B as a percentage of a normal reference population. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • muscular
  • A more muscular kid might have a higher weight and BMI but not have too much body fat. (kidshealth.org)
  • normal people, who don't have so great a muscular mass, should stay into the fitness range in the table to be healthier. (wikipedia.org)
  • adults
  • That's because adults have stopped growing and their age is no longer a major consideration when it comes to weight. (kidshealth.org)
  • The severity of disease is based on body mass index (BMI) in adults with mild disease having a BMI of greater than 17, moderate a BMI of 16 to 17, severe a BMI of 15 to 16, and extreme a BMI less than 15. (wikipedia.org)
  • individuals
  • for example, individuals with greater muscle mass or larger bones will have higher BMIs. (wikipedia.org)
  • and subsequently applied to plants/animals As genome sequencing costs dropped steeply over the 2000s, acquiring enough markers on enough subjects for reliable estimates using very distantly related individuals became possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, BMI does not account for the wide variation in body fat distribution, and may not correspond to the same degree of fatness or associated health risk in different individuals and populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • This method can be reasonably accurate for many people, but it assumes particular fat distribution patterns over the body-which may not apply to all individuals, and does not account for fat deposits not directly under the skin. (wikipedia.org)
  • assess
  • CDC used data from the 2005 and 2010 National Health Interview Surveys to assess changes in prevalence of walking (defined as walking for transportation or leisure in at least one bout of 10 minutes or more in the preceding 7 days) by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, education, body mass index category, walking assistance status, region, and physician-diagnosed chronic disease. (cdc.gov)
  • All you need in order to assess your BMI is your height and weight. (cardiosmart.org)
  • amounts
  • They also use separate charts for boys and girls to account for differences in growth rates and amounts of body fat as the two genders mature. (kidshealth.org)
  • Density
  • With a well engineered weighing system, body density can be determined with great accuracy by completely submerging a person in water and calculating the volume of the displaced water from the weight of the displaced water. (wikipedia.org)
  • If there were no errors whatsoever in measuring body density, the uncertainty in fat estimation would be about ± 3.8% of the body weight, primarily because of normal variability in body constituents. (wikipedia.org)
  • This weight is then compared with "dry weight" as recorded outside the water to determine overall body density. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • For most people, BMI provides a reasonable estimate of body fat. (scirra.com)
  • This results in taller people having a reported BMI that is uncharacteristically high, compared to their actual body fat levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, many taller people are not just "scaled up" short people but tend to have narrower frames in proportion to their height. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to the vast array of programs and services, the number of people served by Let's Move is difficult to estimate. (wikipedia.org)
  • She saw people who did not have control over their weight as morally suspect. (wikipedia.org)
  • It however is less accurate in people such as body builders and pregnant women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sometimes people require admission to hospital to restore weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • birth
  • In 1999-2001, 4,926 pregnant women in rural Nepal participated in a cluster-randomized, double-masked, controlled trial involving 4 alternative combinations of micronutrient supplements, each containing vitamin A. The authors examined the impact on birth weight and early infant mortality in comparison with controls, who received vitamin A only. (nih.gov)
  • muscle mass
  • It may also underestimate body fat in older persons and others who have lost muscle mass. (cardiosmart.org)
  • This is the easiest and most common method, but by far the least accurate, as it only measures one quantity (weight) and often does not take into account many factors such as height, body type, and relative amount of muscle mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bodybuilders
  • Bodybuilders may compete at essential body fat range, in fact certified personal trainers will suggest them to keep that extremely low level of body fat only for the contest time. (wikipedia.org)
  • abdomen
  • There has been an acceptance in recent years that abdominal fat and weight around the abdomen constitute a greater health risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgical
  • In 1991, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) sponsored a consensus panel whose recommendations have set the current[update] standard for consideration of surgical treatment, the body mass index (BMI). (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • Physical activity has numerous health benefits, including improving weight management. (cdc.gov)
  • however, physical activity also provides many health benefits even without weight loss ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Too much body fat is a problem because it can lead to illnesses and other health problems. (kidshealth.org)
  • You only need 30 seconds to do this test and find out your body health! (scirra.com)
  • Excess body fat is related to serious health conditions. (scirra.com)
  • Various theoretical approaches exist on the relationships between body fat percentage, health, athletic capacity, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • A lack of knowledge about diabetes and the health consequences also contribute to the high percentage of excessive weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • dietary
  • Evaluation in estimating dietary intake at the group level was done by paired t-tests. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Gastric bypass is indicated for the surgical treatment of morbid obesity, a diagnosis which is made when the patient is seriously obese, has been unable to achieve satisfactory and sustained weight loss by dietary efforts, and suffers from comorbid conditions which are either life-threatening or a serious impairment to the quality of life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ethnicity
  • 6 Figure 5: Percent of Fourth, Seventh and Tenth Graders Collectively For Clark and Washoe Counties Collectively Who Are a Healthy Weight by Race/Ethnicity ( School Year). (docplayer.net)
  • 13 Figure 18: Percent of Clark County and Washoe County Fourth Graders Collectively Who are at a Healthy weight by Race/Ethnicity ( School Year). (docplayer.net)
  • The purpose of this study was to explore job strain, body mass index, and background information variables (age, education, ethnicity, number of years in nursing, and perceived general health) as possible predictors of job satisfaction among hospital staff nurses. (utexas.edu)
  • moves
  • Lake-effect snow is produced during cooler atmospheric conditions when a cold air mass moves across long expanses of warmer lake water, warming the lower layer of air which picks up water vapor from the lake, rises up through the colder air above, freezes and is deposited on the leeward (downwind) shores. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • However, at very high speeds, special relativity states that the kinetic energy of its motion becomes a significant additional source of mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • measures
  • Although some theorists have speculated that some of these phenomena could be independent of each other, current experiments have found no difference in results regardless of how it is measured: Inertial mass measures an object's resistance to being accelerated by a force (represented by the relationship F = ma). (wikipedia.org)
  • Active gravitational mass measures the gravitational force exerted by an object. (wikipedia.org)
  • Passive gravitational mass measures the gravitational force exerted on an object in a known gravitational field. (wikipedia.org)
  • The weights and measures of the Indus civilization also reached Persia and Central Asia, where they were further modified. (wikipedia.org)
  • Instead
  • Instead, it uses the size of the hips compared to the person's height. (wikipedia.org)
  • the pound (lb) is a unit of both mass and force, used mainly in the United States (about 0.45 kg or 4.5 N). In scientific contexts where pound (force) and pound (mass) need to be distinguished, SI units are usually used instead. (wikipedia.org)
  • salt
  • The same effect also occurs over bodies of salt water, when it is termed ocean-effect or bay-effect snow. (wikipedia.org)
  • large
  • the solar mass (M☉) is defined as the mass of the Sun. It is primarily used in astronomy to compare large masses such as stars or galaxies (≈7030199000000000000♠1.99×1030 kg). (wikipedia.org)
  • The white rhino has an immense body and large head, a short neck and broad chest. (wikipedia.org)
  • loss
  • Hyperthyroidism frequently causes weight loss with increased appetite, fast heart rate, bulging eyes, and tremor. (wikipedia.org)
  • fitness
  • The ultimate aim is extra environment friendly fats utilization by the physique over time, which ends up in more practical weight reduction and the next degree of cardiovascular fitness. (neurolumabrainpill.com)
  • practical
  • Among the innovations in its early years were the first practical mass-produced four-wheel hydraulic brakes, a system nearly completely engineered by Chrysler with patents assigned to Lockheed, and rubber engine mounts to reduce vibration. (wikipedia.org)
  • time
  • Estimates indicate that by 2010 RN demand will exceed supply by over 400,000 full-time equivalents and by 2020 the RN shortage will increase to over 1 million. (utexas.edu)
  • Between different colonies the overall time spent in torpor varies, independent of prairie dog body mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • Figure
  • 4 LIST OF FIGURES BMI of Nevada Students: School Year Figure 1: Weight Classification of Fourth, Seventh and Tenth Graders Collectively For Clark County ( School Year). (docplayer.net)
  • 5 Figure 2: Weight Classification of Fourth, Seventh and Tenth Graders Collectively For Washoe County ( School Year). (docplayer.net)
  • 11 Figure 14: Weight Classification of Clark County Fourth Graders ( School Year). (docplayer.net)
  • 12 Figure 15: Weight Classification of Washoe County Fourth Graders ( School Year). (docplayer.net)
  • 15 Figure 21: Weight Classification of Fourth Graders by sex ( School Year). (docplayer.net)
  • 15 Figure 22: Weight Classification of Clark County Seventh Graders ( School Year). (docplayer.net)
  • 16 Figure 23: Weight Classification of Washoe County Seventh Graders ( School Year). (docplayer.net)
  • attractive
  • The toned back does not only make tank tops and noodle-straps look great on you, but it is a way to maintain attractive body posture. (superbhub.com)
  • years
  • Over the next few years, Fiat gradually acquired the other parties' shares while removing much of the weight of the loans (which carried a 21% interest rate) in a short period. (wikipedia.org)
  • amount
  • In Newtonian physics, mass can be generalized as the amount of matter in an object. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, any stationary body having mass has an equivalent amount of energy, and all forms of energy resist acceleration by a force and have gravitational attraction. (wikipedia.org)
  • energy
  • the electronvolt (eV) is a unit of energy, but because of the mass-energy equivalence it can easily be converted to a unit of mass, and is often used like one. (wikipedia.org)
  • major
  • The major sanctioning body for college sports is the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). (wikipedia.org)
  • given
  • According to Newton's second law of motion, if a body of fixed mass m is subjected to a single force F, its acceleration a is given by F/m. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • In physics, mass is not the same as weight, even though mass is often determined by measuring the object's weight using a spring scale, rather than balance scale comparing it directly with known masses. (wikipedia.org)
  • system
  • The increased the parameter, the better the ability of the cardiovascular system to compensate for and adapt to adjustments within the body. (neurolumabrainpill.com)
  • The standard International System of Units (SI) unit of mass is the kilogram (kg). (wikipedia.org)
  • forms
  • There are several ways that we try to predict "egg quantity and quality" as well as trying to estimate chances for conception with various forms of fertility treatment. (arizonafertility.com)
  • balance
  • Once compensation of the cardiovascular deficiency caused by standing up has been achieved, the body begins a restoration process searching for balance within the new standing condition. (neurolumabrainpill.com)
  • strength
  • It also determines the strength of its mutual gravitational attraction to other bodies. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is because weight is a force, while mass is the property that (along with gravity) determines the strength of this force. (wikipedia.org)