• These types of heart defects also are thought to be caused by a combination of genes and other risk factors, such as things the mother comes in contact with in the environment or what the mother eats or drinks or the medicines the mother uses. (cdc.gov)
  • Some genes are associated with specific defects. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even with improved treatments, many people with a CHD are not cured, even if their heart defect has been repaired. (cdc.gov)
  • While they can't be prevented, many treatments are available for the defects and related health problems. (kidshealth.org)
  • More treatments than ever are available for congenital heart defects, and most defects are treated successfully. (kidshealth.org)
  • While they can't be prevented, there are many treatments for the defects and related health problems. (rchsd.org)
  • I'm grateful that my team works so diligently to seek out procedures and new treatments to keep my heart going so I can continue to live a productive life. (ohsu.edu)
  • The first operation to correct a congenital heart defect was performed in 1938 by Boston Children's Hospital surgeon, Robert Gross, MD. Today, we perform more than 1,200 cardiac surgeries each year and receive referral from all over the world to repair the most challenging heart problems. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Several proteins that interact with MYH6 are also associated with cardiac defects. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, if a woman gets German measles (rubella) while she is pregnant, it may cause problems with how her baby's heart develops. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • Some children have no signs while others may exhibit shortness of breath, cyanosis , fainting , heart murmur , under-development of limbs and muscles, poor feeding or growth, or respiratory infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coarctation of the aorta is a narrowing of a portion of the aorta, and often seriously decreases the blood flow from the heart out to the lower portion of the body. (rchsd.org)
  • Because of this lack of blood flowing through the right side of the heart, the structures on that side, such as the pulmonary valve and the tricuspid valve, are abnormally small. (wikipedia.org)
  • People with a CHD need routine checkups with a cardiologist (heart doctor) to stay as healthy as possible. (cdc.gov)
  • If your doctor notices these signs, you may be referred to a pediatric cardiologist (a doctor who specializes in treating heart problems). (kidshealth.org)
  • After a complete physical exam, including evaluation of the baby's heart rate and blood pressure, the cardiologist will order an electrocardiogram (EKG). (kidshealth.org)
  • The heart, lungs, and blood vessels make up the circulatory system of the human body. (rchsd.org)
  • The left atrium of the heart receives oxygen-rich blood from the lungs and then empties into the left ventricle through the mitral valve. (rchsd.org)
  • When this hole is present, it allows extra blood flow to travel from the left atrium into the right heart and out to the lungs. (rchsd.org)
  • The valve is completely closed thereby obstructing the outflow of blood from the heart to the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The systemic venous return goes directly to the lungs, by-passing the heart.Very young children with elevated pulmonary vascular resistance may not able to undergo the Fontan procedure. (wikipedia.org)
  • CHKD pediatric heart surgeons use minimally invasive procedures to correct heart defects whenever possible in order to reduce the risks associated with surgery. (chkd.org)
  • There are many types of pediatric heart surgery . (medlineplus.gov)
  • For example, some other health problems that might develop include irregular heart beat (arrhythmias), increased risk of infection in the heart muscle (infective endocarditis), or weakness in the heart (cardiomyopathy). (cdc.gov)
  • Complications that can result from heart defects include heart failure . (wikipedia.org)
  • Common reasons for this type of treatment include heart valve replacements, heart rhythm disorders or prior complicated surgeries such as the Fontan operation. (heart.org)
  • Some factors that affect how well the child does include how well the heart is beating, and the condition of the blood vessels that supply the heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • At CHKD, our expert surgeons can quickly perform specialized heart surgery for even the smallest patients. (chkd.org)
  • These tests are ordered when a possible heart abnormality is seen on a level II ultrasound. (kidshealth.org)
  • This blood, which appears blue, enters the right atrium of the heart and then travels across the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle. (rchsd.org)
  • A long tube, called a catheter, is threaded through the blood vessels into the heart, where a doctor can take measurements and pictures, do tests, or repair the problem. (cdc.gov)
  • Others may be effectively treated with catheter based procedures or heart surgery . (wikipedia.org)
  • Some defects can be fixed by using a thin, flexible tube called a catheter. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • The doctor threads the catheter through a blood vessel-typically in the groin-and into the heart. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • The hole was damaging Mike's heart- so he had a catheter procedure to close it. (fox11online.com)
  • A wire and tube called a catheter is inserted into an artery in the leg and passed it up to the heart. (medlineplus.gov)