Loading...
  • capita
  • Per capita income growth and improved sanitation facilities have also significant positive roles in improving population health in the region. (edu.au)
  • households
  • Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. (tradingeconomics.com)
  • OECD
  • Background/ Objective: The main health status indicators in the SAARC-ASEAN region are far behind than those of OECD group and world average. (edu.au)
  • Similarly, total health expenditure (% of GDP) in the region is also lower than that of OECD region and world. (edu.au)
  • healthcare
  • Therefore, this study aims to investigate a relationship between the healthcare expenditures and three main health status outcomes (life expectancy at birth, crude death rate and infant mortality rate) in the region. (edu.au)
  • Methods: Using the World Bank data set for 20 years (1995-2014) in 15 countries of the region, a panel data analysis is conducted where relevant fixed and random effect models are estimated to determine the effects of healthcare expenditures on health outcomes. (edu.au)
  • Conclusion: Healthcare expenditures, along with income growth rate and improved sanitation facilities, should be considered as an important determinant in improving population heath status in the region. (edu.au)
  • outcomes
  • The government and private joint initiatives should continue side by side to take the right actions for improving the health status outcomes. (edu.au)
  • income
  • A research on rural areas of Guangxi can add knowledge in this field and help improve the equity and efficiency of health financing, particularly in low-income citizens in rural countries, is a major concern in China's medical sector reform. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Financing
  • A number of studies on health care financing equity have been conducted in some provinces of China, but in Guangxi, we found such observation is not enough. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Thus, the fairness of health financing has become a major concern for both governments and its citizens. (biomedcentral.com)