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  • glucose
  • Individuals who are unable to form glucose from the glycerol released during triglyceride catabolism also the hypoglycemic episodes often disappear during adolescence. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the brain cannot utilize fatty acids as an energy source (unless converted to a ketone),[citation needed] the glycerol component of triglycerides can be converted into glucose, via gluconeogenesis by conversion into dihydroxyacetone phosphate and then into glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, for brain fuel when it is broken down. (wikipedia.org)
  • and a trend toward increased triglycerides, blood pressure, and glucose in the genetically susceptible. (wikipedia.org)
  • fatty acid
  • The maps, constructed for mouse liver and human liver, put PPAR-alpha at the center of a regulatory hub impacting fatty acid uptake and intracellular binding, mitochondrial β-oxidation and peroxisomal fatty acid oxidation, ketogenesis, triglyceride turnover, gluconeogenesis, and bile synthesis/secretion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Triglycerides are formed by combining glycerol with three fatty acid molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • In triglycerides, the hydroxyl groups of the glycerol join the carboxyl groups of the fatty acid to form ester bonds: HOCH2CH(OH)CH2OH + RCO2H + R′CO2H + R″CO2H → RCO2CH2CH(O2CR′)CH2CO2R″ + 3H2O The three fatty acids (RCO2H, R′CO2H, R″CO2H in the above equation) are usually different, but many kinds of triglycerides are known. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fatty acids, monoglycerides (one glycerol, one fatty acid), and some diglycerides are absorbed by the duodenum, once the triglycerides have been broken down. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fats are triglycerides, made of assorted fatty acid monomers bound to a glycerol backbone. (wikipedia.org)
  • bile
  • In the intestine, following the secretion of lipases and bile, triglycerides are split into monoacylglycerol and free fatty acids in a process called lipolysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • body's
  • Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance in the blood that is made by the body's liver and helps your body produce hormones, vitamin D, and to digest fat. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • glycerol
  • Glycerol kinase is responsible for synthesizing triglycerides and glycerophospholipids in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • If hyperglycerolemia is caused by a mutation in the glycerol kinase gene then it generally causes an isolated glycerol kinase deficiency, resulting in the inability to synthesize triglycerides and glycerophospholipids. (wikipedia.org)
  • A triglyceride (TG, triacylglycerol, TAG, or triacylglyceride) is an ester derived from glycerol and three to four fatty acids (from tri- and glyceride). (wikipedia.org)
  • Triglycerides are chemically tri esters of fatty acids and glycerol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cocoa butter is unusual in that it is composed of only a few triglycerides, derived from palmitic, oleic, and stearic acids in the 1-, 2-, and 3-positions of glycerol, respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • excess
  • Although it is required in minimal quantities for the proper functioning of the body, excess cholesterol can land you in trouble. (1mg.com)
  • You only need a small amount to regulate the body processes, and when there is excess cholesterol in the blood, it can build up on the walls of the blood vessels, in deposits called plaque. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • particles
  • HLDL cholesterol can be broken down into two kinds, pattern A and pattern B. LDL pattern A is large fluffy particles that are less dense than pattern B and not easily oxidized. (tistory.com)