• phylogeny
  • However, there was not a molecular phylogeny of gymnosperms represented by extensive sampling at the genus level, and most published phylogenies of this group were constructed based on cytoplasmic DNA markers and/or the multi-copy nuclear ribosomal DNA. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Unlike
  • Unlike many aquatic plants that float freely in the water column, terrestrial gymnosperms anchor themselves to a single spot for the duration of their lives. (reference.com)
  • vascular
  • To become stationary plants and still obtain the water they require gymnosperms use vascular tissues to transport water that is absorbed by their roots. (reference.com)