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  • Metabolism
  • The importance of phospholipases in cellular signaling, lipid metabolism, inflammatory responses and pathological disorders related to these processes has stimulated demand for fluorescence-based enzyme activity monitoring methods. (thermofisher.com)
  • pathway
  • Contigs were annotated with pathway, ontology, and protein domain identifiers. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The construction of an annotated transcriptomic database, publicly available in a web-based data depository and annotation tool, provides a foundation for metabolic pathway and network reconstruction, and facilitates further omics studies in the absence of a genome sequence for the Showa strain of B. braunii , race B. Further, the transcriptome database empowers future biosynthetic engineering approaches for strain improvement and the transfer of desirable traits to heterologous hosts. (biomedcentral.com)
  • include
  • Some of its characterized virulence factors include a leukotoxin, a sialoglycoprotease, neuraminidase, and transferrin-binding proteins ( 9 ). (asm.org)
  • form
  • Oleaginous algae accumulate storage carbon and energy in the form of neutral lipids, mainly triacylglycerols (TAG), which need to be extracted from intracellular oil bodies by disrupting the cells. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Some water-soluble proteins associate with lipid bilayers irreversibly and can form transmembrane alpha-helical or beta-barrel channels. (wikipedia.org)
  • brain
  • These secreted vesicles may contribute to eliminate overproduced myelin membrane or to transfer antigens facilitating immune surveillance of the brain. (frontiersin.org)
  • Gangliosides can amount to 6% of the weight of lipids from brain, but they are found at low levels in all animal tissues. (hmdb.ca)
  • cells
  • Cells utilize exosomes to dispose of unwanted proteins or to exchange signals with neighboring cells. (frontiersin.org)
  • More recently, with encouraging results from stem cell transplantation, research has been focused on using stem cells to combine their differentiation potential to adopt cardiac phenotype with their ability to serve as carriers of transgenes. (springer.com)
  • several
  • Metabolite profiling of the extracellular culture medium (exometabolomics) revealed that several pathways were affected, including mevalonate and membrane lipid syntheses, glycolysis, the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, and the synthesis of branched chain amino acids. (biomedcentral.com)
  • structure
  • A structure composed of a very long molecule of DNA and associated proteins (e.g. histones) that carries hereditary information. (wikipedia.org)