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  • gene
  • While analyses of ancient mitochondrial sequences from archaic hominins strongly suggest that archaic females did not contribute to the modern human mitochondrial gene pool, whole-genome sequences of two archaic populations suggest limited interbreeding with modern humans in Eurasia but not Africa. (springer.com)
  • Further, promising candidate gene information can be known by sequencing the plant gene insert in TRV vector. (jove.com)
  • The commercially available, Tn 5 -derived transposome used in this protocol consists of a linear segment of DNA containing an R6K γ replication origin, a gene for kanamycin resistance and two mosaic sequence ends, which serve as transposase binding sites. (jove.com)
  • If just a partial sequence of a gene is known, a DNA probe for the gene can be constructed. (oup.com)
  • autosomal
  • Mammalian sex chromosomes evolved from an ancient autosomal pair. (sun.ac.za)
  • Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by chromosome instability associated with microcephaly, immunodeficiency, hypersensitivity to X-irradiation, and a high predisposition to cancer. (biomedcentral.com)
  • repeats
  • The largely continuous genome assembly will be useful for comparative genomics and offers an opportunity to look into regions less explored such as tandem repeats (the core component of centromeres and telomeres). (plos.org)
  • Dechyeva, D., Gindullis, F., Schmidt, T.: Divergence of satellite DNA and interspersion of dispersed repeats in the genome of the wild beet Beta procumbens . (springer.com)
  • ribosomal
  • Cabrero J, Perfectti F, Gómez R, Camacho JPM, López-León MD: Population variation in the A chromosome distribution of satellite DNA and ribosomal DNA in the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans . (karger.com)
  • assemblies
  • We survey available genome assemblies of Boechera spp. (frontiersin.org)
  • 500 eukaryotic genome sequences are available in public repositories, the majority are highly fragmented with incomplete assemblies, which explains why considerable effort and resources are often spent to improve their quality after publication. (plos.org)
  • More recently, assemblies of genome sequences have allowed more far ranging comparisons of vertebrate genome evolution. (els.net)
  • Bioinformatics provided an alternative approach to reconstructing ancestral genomes from the comparison of complete genome assemblies. (els.net)
  • ancestral
  • Hypothetical ancestral genomes can be reconstructed at various nodes on the tree of life. (els.net)
  • It is assumed that the genome of sciurids is very close to the ancestral rodent genome (see text). (els.net)
  • stasis
  • Ellegren H (2010) Evolutionary stasis: the stable chromosomes of birds. (springer.com)
  • Because of their high levels of karyotypic variation, phyllostomid bats are an ideal group to investigate the mechanisms responsible for chromosome evolution and stasis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • nucleus
  • These bundles of protein and DNA, referred to as chromosomes, can then fit inside the nucleus. (akc.org)
  • The rest of the chromosomes in a nucleus are called autosomes and are generally numbered, according to their size and shape, with the largest autosome called number 1, the second largest number 2, and so on. (akc.org)
  • We are using this procedure to study chromosome structure and behavior, the nature of organellar genome insertions into the nucleus and the distribution of various types of transposabe elements in the genome. (missouri.edu)
  • Although the interior of the nucleus does not contain any membrane-bound subcompartments, its contents are not uniform, and a number of subnuclear bodies exist, made up of unique proteins, RNA molecules, and particular parts of the chromosomes. (wikibooks.org)
  • probe
  • The oligo-Am1 probe produced signals that were particularly enriched on almost whole C-genome chromosomes, whereas the (TTG) 6 probe was located in the pericentromeric (M), and, occasionally, their telomeric (T) chromosome regions, but showed low matching to C genome. (springer.com)
  • Using this diagnostic probe mix and a BAC that contained a C-genome repeat in two successive hybridizations allowed for routine identification of the corresponding homoeologous chromosomes between the A and C genomes of B. napus . (genetics.org)
  • A technique in which a DNA probe, labelled with a fluorescent dye, base-pairs (hybridizes) with the complementary base sequence of a target nucleotide. (oup.com)
  • A preparation of the organism's entire chromosome complement is then partially denatured to separate the DNA strands and incubated with the labelled probe. (oup.com)
  • karyotypic
  • Integration of empirical data with proposed models of chromosome evolution was performed to understand the probable conditions for Tonatia 's karyotypic evolution. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The trajectory of reorganization of chromosome blocks since the common ancestor of Glossophaginae and Phyllostominae subfamilies suggests that multiple tandem fusions, as well as disruption and fusions of conserved phyllostomid chromosomes were major drivers of karyotypic reshuffling in Tonatia . (biomedcentral.com)
  • characterization
  • Chen Q, Armstrong K (1995) Characterization of a library from a single microdissected oat ( Avena sativa L.) chromosome. (springer.com)
  • The first step toward accurate models of trait variability, and a prerequisite for predicting and modulating them, is characterization of the underlying genetic factors in the context of rest of the genome and their external environment. (genetics.org)
  • centromeres
  • Koo DH, Han F, Birchler JA , and Jiang J. Distinct DNA methylation patterns associated with active and nactive centromeres of the maize B chromosome. (missouri.edu)
  • 2016
  • Oct 26, 2016 On PC, PS4 & Xbox One: Uncover secret areas, hidden details, and special encounters in the Painted World of Ariandel with these 12 Dark. (net84.net)
  • strains
  • We selected four representative founder strains to produce the Saccharomyces Genome Resequencing Project (SGRP)-4X mapping population and sequenced 192 segregants to generate an accurate genetic map. (genetics.org)
  • In an effort to compare a current field isolate with one isolated in the early 1960s, the genomes of two Psg strains, race 4 and B076, were sequenced using 454 pyrosequencing. (jove.com)
  • synthesis
  • Preparing for a Sequence Data Deluge The approved CSP 2019 proposals leverage new capabilities and higher throughput in DNA sequencing, synthesis and metabolomics. (doe.gov)