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  • genes
  • This breakthrough technique makes it possible to redesign plant genomes - from the editing of single genes to the exact engineering of chromosomes - achieving what farmers have always dreamed of: an efficient path to precise crop design. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • The paper summarizes the progress made in cloning and sequencing a limited number of genes from jute (Corchorus olitorius and C. capsularis) and discusses future applications of jute genome analysis. (defence.pk)
  • Headed by Dr. Gane Ka-Shu Wong and Dr. Michael Deyholos of the University of Alberta, the project aims to obtain the transcriptome (expressed genes) of 1000 different plant species over the next few years. (wikipedia.org)
  • instead plants that produce valuable chemicals or other products (secondary metabolites in many cases) will be focused on in the hopes that characterizing the involved genes will allow the underlying biosynthetic processes to be used or modified. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genome size is 13.7 MB, and 6623 protein-coding genes were annotated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our systematic search of sequenced plant genomes for all TS and CYP genes reveals that distinct TS/CYP gene pairs are found together far more commonly than would be expected by chance, and that certain TS/CYP pairings predominate, providing signals for key events that are likely to have shaped terpene diversity. (pnas.org)
  • in the former, microsyntenic blocks of TS/CYP gene pairs duplicate and provide templates for the evolution of new pathways, whereas in the latter, new pathways arise by mixing and matching of individual TS and CYP genes through dynamic genome rearrangements. (pnas.org)
  • TAGs represent a large proportion of genes in a genome, including between 14% to 17% of the human, mouse, and rat genomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Partially because the initial studies of clock genes were conducted in Drosophila in the 1970s and then in mammals, it was originally thought that the plant circadian clock functioned similarly to the mammalian clock. (wikipedia.org)
  • Repression of morning loop genes lhy and cca1 was predicted by computational modeling and was the piece of evidence needed to re-define toc1's role in the plant clock as part of a triple negative-component repressilator model rather than a positive/negative-element system of the sort seen in mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • He is the founder Director of the National Institute of Plant Genome Research and is credited with the discovery of genes that assist in extended preservation of fruits and vegetables. (wikipedia.org)
  • Her team was successful in preparing the draft genome of Ocimum tenuiflorum (commonly known as Tulsi), a plant with medicinal properties, for the first time which assisted in identifying the genes responsible for the production of Ursolic acid, a triterpenoid and Eugenol, a phenylpropene, compounds responsible for the medicinal properties of the plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of functional redundancy, genes are rapidly silenced or lost from the duplicated genomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • To distinguish between whole-genome duplication and a collection of (more common) single gene duplication events, the following rules are often applied: Duplicated genes are located in large duplicated blocks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Single gene duplication is a random process and tends to make duplicated genes scattered throughout the genome. (wikipedia.org)
  • U. gibba has an exceptionally small genome for a plant, despite having a typical number of genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite its size, the genome accommodates 28,500 genes - more than plants with much larger genomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • His highest cited paper is "Design and construction of a versatile system for the expression of foreign genes in plants" at 355 times, according to Google Scholar. (wikipedia.org)
  • Design and construction of a versatile system for the expression of foreign genes in plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • PNAS
  • Using an appropriate enzyme, i.e. molecular scissors, we first make a cut at the right point in the genome and then supply the necessary patch to repair this cut," says Friedrich Fauser from Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, who is the first author of the PNAS publication. (innovations-report.com)
  • chromosome
  • Prof. Levy's achievement, for which a patent application has been registered, demonstrates how CRISPR-Cas can drive non-random "chromosome editing" in order to achieve specific results in plants. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • This experiment is done to investigate whether a yeast gene, cen4 can be incorporated into plant genome through Agrobacterium-mediated transformation, hence converted it into a chromosome capable of replicating in yeast. (ukessays.com)
  • Hopefully, if this experiment proves to be successful, a vector can be construct base on algae chromosome bearing cen4 gen which can be use to introduce gene of interest into yeast genome. (ukessays.com)
  • His main research interests are genome size and the cytometric methods used to estimate it, chromosome banding, cytogenetics and karyosystematics. (nhbs.com)
  • Toc1 gene is expressed in most plant structures and cells, and has its locus on chromosome 5. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sharma pioneered researches in cytogenetics and cytochemistry in India and is credited with developing new research techniques for the study of chromosome structure of plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • CRISPR-Cas
  • The researchers relied on a revolutionary molecular tool called CRISPR-Cas, which makes it possible to cleave the genome at specific sites ("Cas" is the name of the enzyme responsible for cutting DNA). (weizmann.ac.il)
  • Significantly, these dramatic changes took place over a single generation, establishing CRISPR-Cas as a highly efficient tool for precise breeding of crop plants. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • CRISPR-Cas gives us the means to choose the best from both parents, for example, combining the high-yield characteristics of the 'dad' plant with the high disease resistance of the 'mom', using just a handful of plants. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • double-stranded
  • This family contains all plant viruses that consist of a double-stranded DNA genome that has a reverse transcribing phase in its lifecycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genomes of viruses from this family contain monopartite, double-stranded DNA in either an open circular or linear structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • It carries a 7205 base pair genome of double-stranded DNA within isometric viral particles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers
  • Bangladeshi researchers have successfully decoded the Jute Plant Genome. (defence.pk)
  • Enabled by the JGI's Community Science Program (CSP), researchers are developing a number of resources to build up Sphagnum as a plant model system focused on carbon cycling studies. (doe.gov)
  • yeast
  • A well-supported paleopolyploidy has been found in baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), despite its small, compact genome (~13Mbp), after the divergence from the common yeast Kluyveromyces waltii. (wikipedia.org)
  • Through genome streamlining, yeast has lost 90% of the duplicated genome over evolutionary time and is now recognized as a diploid organism. (wikipedia.org)
  • autonomous
  • Post his official retirement, he continued his association with CSIR as an emeritus scientist from 2001 to 2005 when he moved to the National Institute for Plant Genome Research, an autonomous institute under the Department of Biotechnology as an INSA Senior Scientist in 2006, holding the position till 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • wheat
  • Lamoureux D, Peterson DG, Li W, Fellers JP, Gill BS (2005) The efficacy of Cot-based gene enrichment in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Genome 48: 1120-1126. (wikipedia.org)
  • species known
  • In addition to industrial compound biosynthetic capacity, plant species known or suspected to produce medically active chemicals (such as poppies producing opiates) were assigned a high priority to better understand the synthesis process, explore commercial production potential, and discover new pharmaceutical options. (wikipedia.org)
  • scientists
  • This meeting will be held as an EMBO workshop, co-organized by the National Academy of Scientists Leopoldina, the Society of Plant Breeding (GPZ), and the Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK). (ipk-gatersleben.de)
  • She leads a group of scientists engaged in the computational studies of proteins with regard to their random rearrangements during evolution and they have carried out genome surveys of several protein families and superfamilies. (wikipedia.org)
  • structure
  • An integrated understanding of plant genome structure and function is essential for the development of improved economically significant plants and of novel plant based products. (bio.net)
  • He is an Associate Professor at the Palacky University in Olomouc and his research interests focus on plant genome structure and evolution. (nhbs.com)
  • analyses
  • Our analyses shed light on the roots of terpene biosynthesis and diversification in plants. (pnas.org)
  • structures
  • Fig. S4: Minimum of free energy (in kcal/mol) of secondary structures of plant pre-miRNA in mirBase version 14. (hindawi.com)
  • thaliana
  • He was also co-founder and Executive Chairman of Mendel Biotechnology, Inc. and a co-founder of Poetic Genetics, LS9, Inc, and Redleaf, Inc. Somerville was awarded the Balzan Prize together with Elliot Meyerowitz in 2006 for his work developing the small mustard plant or A. thaliana as a model. (wikipedia.org)
  • Viral
  • Firstly, the viral genome enters the cytoplasm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike retroviruses, they do not require the integration of viral genome into the host's in order to replicate and for this reason their genome does not encode the enzymatic protein integrase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sciences
  • Prof. Levy is a member of the Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, and is the incoming Dean of the Faculty of Biochemistry. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • Prof. Levy is the incumbent of the Gilbert de Botton Professorial Chair of Plant Sciences. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • He is a former director of the Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and an elected fellow of the Indian National Science Academy, National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, National Academy of Sciences, India, and Indian Academy of Sciences. (wikipedia.org)
  • A former president of the Indian Society of Genetics and Plant Breeding (1994-97), he started the Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences during his tenure as the president. (wikipedia.org)