Loading...
  • stereochemical
  • There are three basic approaches 7 used by materialists to explain the 64 → 21 mapping of the genetic code: (I) chemical/stereochemical theories, (II) coevolution of biosynthetically related amino acid pathways and (III) evolution and optimisation by natural selection to prevent errors. (creation.com)
  • This proposal is distinct from the stereochemical and the coevolution theories because they do not contemplate any ambiguity in the genetic code, and it is distinct from the error-minimization theory because ambiguity-reduction is fundamentally different from error-minimization. (springer.com)
  • gene
  • Second, the problem's motto, "genetic code," is a misnomer that makes the codon table the defining issue of gene expression. (pnas.org)
  • A gene is a segment of DNA that codes for a protein. (brighthub.com)
  • Wenxin Fan, WSJ , "Chinese Gene-Editing Experiment Loses Track of Patients, Alarming Technology's Inventors," 28 Dec. 2018 The authors mainly focused on searching for possible bacterial and viral DNA, because those are the types of genetic code that are relatively easy to extract from ancient samples. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Researchers have developed a method to swiftly screen the non-coding DNA of the human genome for links to diseases that are driven by changes in gene regulation. (medicalxpress.com)
  • 2010. Gene Regulation: Breaking the second genetic code. (icr.org)
  • Once the whole code for one gene is read the cell can make the specific protein. (s-cool.co.uk)
  • Each gene codes for one complete protein. (s-cool.co.uk)
  • codon table
  • Although the relatedness order of the code is marginally evident from simple inspection of the codon table ( 3 , 4 , 6 - 8 ), it is pronounced when the amino acids are represented by their respective polar requirements ( 4 ). (pnas.org)
  • A major advance was provided by computer simulation studies ( 9 - 14 ) of the relatedness ordering of the amino acids over the codon table, which showed that the code is indeed relationally ordered and moreover is optimized to near the maximum extent possible. (pnas.org)
  • ribosomes
  • The origin of code-based genetics is for evolutionists an utter mystery, 3 since this requires a large number of irreducibly complex machines: ribosomes, RNA and DNA polymerases, aminoacyl tRNA synthetases (aaRS), release factors, etc. (creation.com)
  • biochemical
  • While the biochemical details of this code were unraveled long ago, its origin is still obscure," lamented evolutionist Tsvi Tlusty. (icr.org)
  • blueprint
  • That would explain why the human genetic blueprint could give a false impression that the human population collapsed in size even if it did not. (washingtontimes.com)
  • The genetic blueprint has not only unearthed a wealth of data regarding the koalas unusual and highly specialised diet of eucalyptus leaves, but also provides important insights into their immune system, population diversity and the evolution of koalas,' she said. (rbge.org.uk)
  • traits
  • Bridget Alex, Discover Magazine , "State of Science: Ancient DNA Starts Answering Archaeology's Big Questions," 1 Jan. 2019 Knowing what in the vast expanse of the genetic code is behind traits can fuel better treatments and information about future risks and illuminate how biology and evolution work. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Brad Plumer, Vox , "A simple guide to CRISPR, one of the biggest science stories of the decade," 23 July 2018 Alleles are crucial parts of our genetic code , variations on DNA that allow for unique traits like eye color. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Genome
  • The Koala Genome Consortium has been an ambitious journey affording us great insights into the genetic building blocks that make up a koala - one of Australia's, as well as the world's, most charismatic and iconic mammals," Professor Johnson said. (rbge.org.uk)
  • explanation
  • This contains all the 3 letter and 1 letter codes for the amino acid (go there for explanation of what these represent) that correspond to each codon. (everything2.com)
  • 3 Advocates of evolution must attempt a purely secular explanation of what is quite obviously an intricately and exquisitely designed code. (icr.org)
  • Thus
  • Thus, these bacteria are now capable of containing extra information in their DNA and translating that information into an expanded genetic code that can encode more than the 20 amino acids typically made by life on Earth. (physicsforums.com)
  • Thus, and thirdly, the assumption that the code and the decoding mechanism are separate problems, individually solvable, is a reductionist fallacy that serves to deny the fundamental biological nature of the problem. (pnas.org)
  • Thus the canonical genetic code is not universal. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Eukaryote microorganisms have a specific genetic recombination step built into the formation of the sex cells, where parts of each pair of diploid chromosomes get exchanged, thus increasing the genetic diversity of the resulting spores. (dummies.com)
  • molecular
  • The researchers arranged the dots and lines in four different ways so as to form "molecular bar codes" that enabled them to distinguish among the probes (Figure 2). (photonics.com)
  • The molecular bar codes are conceptually similar to the upraised dots used in the Braille language for the blind. (photonics.com)
  • arrangement
  • The genetic code is the result of the purposeful arrangement of parts- design , implying a Designer, as Genesis clearly portrays. (icr.org)
  • different
  • Still, the work presents the first step towards potentially building new life forms in the lab that have an entirely different genetic system than any other life on Earth. (physicsforums.com)
  • Researchers
  • Researchers deciphered the code int eh 1960s. (our-sma-angels.com)
  • Genomic data helps researchers decipher everything from the sequenced organism's susceptibility to disease to genetic tweaks that could make it work better (though this applies more to plants than animals). (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • A small grain that feeds much of the world yields its biggest secret today when American and Chinese researchers publish the long-sought genetic code for rice. (sciforums.com)
  • TIGR researchers are now tackling the genomes of the second major human malaria parasite, P. vivax, as well as deciphering the genetic codes of other pathogens that sicken or kill millions of people - including parasites that cause African sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, schistosomiasis, amoebic dysentery, lymphatic filariasis, and opportunistic infections in HIV/AIDS patients. (eurekalert.org)
  • Well, researchers are reporting what could at least be a significant step in that direction: the genetic codes of the 99 known viruses responsible for those pesky nasal infections. (drugs.com)
  • Researchers say they have created the first ever animal with artificial information in its genetic code. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • defines
  • Although we do not know what defines amino acid "similarity" in the case of the code, we do know one particular amino acid measure that seems to express it quite remarkably in the coding context. (pnas.org)
  • normally
  • The group's research indicates that the protein in the fungal genus Neurospora they studied, frequency, performs better when the genetic code specifying it has non-optimal codon usage, as is normally found. (redorbit.com)
  • sequences
  • All organisms' DNA contain regulatory sequences, intergenic segments, and chromosomal structural areas that can contribute greatly to phenotype but operate using distinct sets of rules that may or may not be as straightforward as the codon-to-amino acid paradigm that usually underlies the genetic code (see epigenetics). (medicalxpress.com)
  • Fitch WM, Upper K (1987) The phylogeny of tRNA sequences provides evidence for ambiguity reduction in the origin of the genetic code. (springer.com)
  • California
  • It is astounding that it could work at all," says Aaron Leconte of Claremont McKenna College in California, who helped to design the new genetic letters. (newscientist.com)