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  • Whereas
  • Whereas the execution of a corrective saccade to a previously fixated target object at a previously fixated location is slowed down (i.e., inhibition of return), corrective saccades toward either a previously fixated target object or a previously fixated location are facilitated. (springer.com)
  • Humans mostly use eye position to work out the 'gaze direction' of someone else, whereas non-human primates rely instead on the orientation of the face. (elifesciences.org)
  • Varsori, Perez-Fornos, Safran, & Whatham, 2004 ), whereas a gaze-contingent window with the rest of the scene masked can simulate tunnel vision (Castelhano & Henderson, 2007 ). (arvojournals.org)
  • smooth pursuit
  • Classification of smooth pursuit episodes can be difficult in the presence of eye-tracking noise, and we thus recently proposed an algorithm that clusters gaze recordings from several observers in order to improve classification robustness. (harvard.edu)
  • distinct
  • Head gaze following activated a distinct region in the posterior STS, close to-albeit not overlapping with-the medial face patch delineated by passive viewing of faces. (elifesciences.org)
  • peripheral
  • Although previous research has investigated the characteristics of this PRL, it is unclear whether eye movement metrics are modulated by peripheral viewing with a PRL as measured during a visual search paradigm. (frontiersin.org)
  • neural
  • However, the neural circuits that control gaze following are thought to be similar in both. (elifesciences.org)
  • As gaze following is important in social interactions, understanding the neural circuits behind it could help us understand social disorders. (elifesciences.org)
  • Saccades provide an excellent paradigm for this because many of them can be made in a very short time and the underlying neural pathways are relatively well-known. (frontiersin.org)
  • differently
  • Phrased differently, the retinal-image motion that results from saccades is suppressed, at least in the sense that it is not consciously perceived. (peerj.com)
  • orientation
  • Gaze following of monkeys is largely determined by head or face orientation. (elifesciences.org)
  • We used fMRI in rhesus monkeys to identify brain regions underlying head gaze following and to assess their relationship to the 'face patch' system, the latter being the likely source of information on face orientation. (elifesciences.org)
  • However, researchers do not understand how monkeys translate the information about face orientation gathered by these regions into information about where to look during gaze following. (elifesciences.org)
  • suggest this is the 'gaze following patch' where the brain performs the demanding calculations to translate face orientation into a position to look at. (elifesciences.org)
  • Flombaum and Santos, 2005 for a different view), they are nevertheless able to establish joint attention with conspecifics, largely relying on head gaze, that is the orientation of peer head (=face). (elifesciences.org)
  • object
  • We concluded that corrective saccades are executed on the basis of object files rather than of unintegrated feature information. (springer.com)
  • Identifying pre- and postsaccadic information and attributing this information to a specific object facilitates object correspondence across saccades (Hollingworth et al. (springer.com)
  • small
  • Because a certain number of samples are required for model fitting, the prediction did not offer improvement for most small saccades and the early stages of large saccades. (arvojournals.org)
  • location
  • At each location, reading speeds were measured, along with logMAR visual acuity and nystagmus during gaze-holding. (arvojournals.org)
  • shown
  • This result demonstrates the rapid nature of the transfer of a spatio-temporally precise predictive signal across hemifields, in a paradigm previously shown to modulate V1. (frontiersin.org)