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  • peptides
  • Gut peptides integrate gastrointestinal function by regulating the actions of the epithelium, muscles, and nerves, affect the growth and development of the gut and-as has emerged comparatively recently-they also have a major role in appetite control. (enetmd.com)
  • There is little evidence that many gut peptides act as hormones in a classical endocrine fashion: many are autocrine, regulating the function of the cell secreting them, or paracrine, influencing the behaviour of neighbouring cells of different types. (enetmd.com)
  • They produce gastrointestinal hormones or peptides in response to various stimuli and release them into the bloodstream for systemic effect, diffuse them as local messengers, or transmit them to the enteric nervous system to activate nervous responses. (wikipedia.org)
  • The glands and intestinal villi are covered by epithelium, which contains multiple types of cells: enterocytes (absorbing water and electrolytes), goblet cells (secreting mucus), enteroendocrine cells (secreting hormones), cup cells, tuft cells, and at the base of the gland, Paneth cells (secreting anti-microbial peptides) and stem cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Peptide YY
  • Previous studies in this area are limited, but some suggest that the appetite-inhibiting (anorexigenic) gut hormone peptide-YY (PYY) is increased in lactation, despite hyperphagia. (open.ac.uk)
  • regulate
  • Good results will be achieved by applying liraglutide in intervention with different phases of DN and DM patients, which cannot only regulate the gastrointestinal hormone levels and lower the blood sugar levels of patients, but can also reduce the insulin resistance and delay the process of renal damage. (europeanreview.org)
  • Endocrine system , any of the systems found in animals for the production of hormones, substances that regulate the functioning of the organism. (britannica.com)
  • duodenal
  • Methods -CRH (2 μg/kg) was intravenously administered during duodenal and colonic manometry and plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) was measured by radioimmunoassay. (bmj.com)
  • pituitary
  • For example, the actions of a pituitary hormone , prolactin, on the control of body water and salt content were first discovered in fishes and later led to the demonstration of similar mechanisms in mammals. (britannica.com)
  • satiety
  • Significantly increased GLP-1 and PYY levels in colon tissue during early lactation were associated with significantly increased gastrointestinal size at this time, not satiety. (open.ac.uk)