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  • surgical
  • Although antacids and PPI drug therapy can reduce the effects of reflux acid, successful surgical treatment has the advantage of eliminating drug side-effects and damaging effects from other components of reflux such as bile or gastric contents. (wikipedia.org)
  • lower esophagea
  • Physiologically, resting pressure in the lower esophageal sphincter approximately amounts to 20 mmHg: As it is higher than the intragastric pressure, it protects from a potential backflow of the stomach's contents into the esophagus. (lecturio.com)
  • The upper parts of the esophagus and the upper esophageal sphincter receive blood from the inferior thyroid artery, the parts of the esophagus in the thorax from the bronchial arteries and branches directly from the thoracic aorta, and the lower parts of the esophagus and the lower esophageal sphincter receive blood from the left gastric artery and the left inferior phrenic artery. (wikipedia.org)
  • carcinoma
  • If biopsies suggest the development of carcinoma or high grade dysplasia surgical removal of the esophagus is recommended. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In order to calculate whether after LAGB patients are at higher risk for carcinoma of the esophagus, we performed a nationwide survey. (springer.com)
  • Squamous-cell carcinoma arises from the epithelial cells that line the esophagus. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • The aforementioned reflux leads to a diminished life quality and/or puts the individual's health at risk. (lecturio.com)