• The European Industrial Gases Association and the British Compressed Gases Association provide similar facilities in Europe and the United Kingdom. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whether a mixture of air and gas is combustible depends on the air-to-fuel ratio . (wikipedia.org)
  • Materials exist as solids, liquids and gases, and as a mixture of these states. (rsc.org)
  • A non-flammable, nonpoisonous compressed gas (Division 2.2) means any material (or mixture) which: Exerts in the packaging an absolute pressure of 280 kPa (40.6 psia) or greater at 20 °C (68 °F), and Does not meet the definition of Division 2.1 or 2.3. (wikipedia.org)
  • A gas mixture would contain a variety of pure gases much like the air. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sewer gas is a complex mixture of toxic and nontoxic gases produced and collected in sewage systems by the decomposition of organic household or industrial wastes, typical components of sewage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Purging with an inert gas provides a higher degree of safety however, because the practice ensures that an ignitable mixture never forms. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the piston has risen about eight inches, the gas and air mixture is ignited by a small pilot flame burning outside, which forces the piston (which is connected to a toothed rack) upwards, creating a partial vacuum beneath it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inerting makes an ignitable mixture safe by introduction of an inert gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • The gas mixture in the headspace is not "inert", its just unignitable. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the Ideal gas law, an amount of gas (and also a mixture of gases such as air) expands as it is heated. (wikipedia.org)
  • The specific gas constant of a gas or a mixture of gases (Rspecific) is given by the molar gas constant divided by the molar mass (M) of the gas or mixture. (wikipedia.org)
  • On Diesel engines the Diesel fuel is still needed to ignite the gas mixture, so a mechanically regulated Diesel engine's "stop" linkage and probably "throttle" linkage must be modified to always give the engine a little bit of injected fuel, often under the standard idle per-injection volume. (wikipedia.org)
  • The global natural gas trade in 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • Natural gas extraction by countries in cubic meters per year around 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • Natural gas is a fossil fuel used as a source of energy for heating, cooking, and electricity generation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fossil fuel based natural gas is a non-renewable resource . (wikipedia.org)
  • Petroleum is another resource and fossil fuel found in close proximity to and with natural gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most natural gas was created over time by two mechanisms: biogenic and thermogenic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Bank estimates that over 150 cubic kilometers of natural gas are flared or vented annually. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before natural gas can be used as a fuel, most, but not all, must be processed to remove impurities, including water, to meet the specifications of marketable natural gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Natural gas is often informally referred to simply as "gas", especially when compared to other energy sources such as oil or coal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Natural gas was discovered accidentally in ancient China, as it resulted from the drilling for brines . (wikipedia.org)
  • Natural gas was first used by the Chinese in about 500 BC (possibly even 1000 BC ). (wikipedia.org)
  • The world's first industrial extraction of natural gas started at Fredonia, New York , United States, in 1825. (wikipedia.org)
  • By 2009, 66 000 km³ (or 8%) had been used out of the total 850 000 km³ of estimated remaining recoverable reserves of natural gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on an estimated 2015 world consumption rate of about 3400 km³ of gas per year, the total estimated remaining economically recoverable reserves of natural gas would last 250 years at current consumption rates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Natural gas drilling rig in Texas. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 19th century, natural gas was usually obtained as a by-product of producing oil , since the small, light gas carbon chains came out of solution as the extracted fluids underwent pressure reduction from the reservoir to the surface, similar to uncapping a soft drink bottle where the carbon dioxide effervesces . (wikipedia.org)
  • Unwanted natural gas was a disposal problem in the active oil fields. (wikipedia.org)
  • If there was not a market for natural gas near the wellhead it was prohibitively expensive to pipe to the end user. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chinese records dating back 1,700 years note the use of natural gas in the home for light and heat via bamboo pipes to the dwellings. (wikipedia.org)
  • The New London School explosion occurred on March 18, 1937, when a natural gas leak caused an explosion, destroying the New London School of the city of New London, Texas . (wikipedia.org)
  • The first is caused by a natural gas leak, and the second, by gunpowder and ammunition inside a sporting goods store. (wikipedia.org)
  • The vast majority of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions (i.e., emissions produced by human activities) come from combustion of fossil fuels , principally coal , oil , and natural gas , with additional contributions coming from deforestation, changes in land use, soil erosion and agriculture (including livestock). (wikipedia.org)
  • American Petroleum Institute spokeswoman Karen Matusic noted that oil hitting the century mark should spur efforts to "explore for more oil and natural gas. (slate.com)
  • Last week, NET Power officially began operations at its 50-megawatt, emissions-free natural gas power plant in. (inhabitat.com)
  • Natural gas peaker plants step in when electricity demand is high, but their days could be numbered. (inhabitat.com)
  • A leaking natural gas pipeline in Cook Inlet, Alaska won't be fixed until the ice melts - continuing to flow. (inhabitat.com)
  • In a troubling decision, California state regulators could allow the Aliso Canyon natural gas site near Los Angeles. (inhabitat.com)
  • If natural gas is a bridge fuel to a clean energy future, as politicians from President Barack Obama to presidential. (inhabitat.com)
  • Inhabitat has previously reported on an extensive and ongoing natural gas leak in the Los Angeles area. (inhabitat.com)
  • The massive natural gas leak discovered in October at a Southern California Gas Company facility in Aliso Canyon. (inhabitat.com)
  • In California, where the environment is already endangered by severe drought, a natural gas leak has quietly released. (inhabitat.com)
  • The politically charged race to build a new natural gas pipeline into southern Europe is hotting up. (ft.com)
  • It is not to be confused with Natural-gas processing or Liquefied petroleum gas . (wikipedia.org)
  • This meant that natural gas markets were historically entirely local and any production had to be consumed within the local network. (wikipedia.org)
  • Developments of production processes, cryogenic storage, and transportation effectively created the tools required to commercialize natural gas into a global market which now competes with other fuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • LNG achieves a higher reduction in volume than compressed natural gas (CNG) so that the (volumetric) energy density of LNG is 1.4 times greater than (2.4 times as great as) that of CNG (at 200 bar) or 60 percent that of diesel fuel . (wikipedia.org)
  • LNG is principally used for transporting natural gas to markets, where it is regasified and distributed as pipeline natural gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can be used in natural gas vehicles , although it is more common to design vehicles to use CNG. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was established in 1982 by the Government of Sabah for the downstream operations of Sabah natural gas resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company owned and operated a 660,000-tonne per year methanol plant, a 600,000-tonne per year sponge iron factory, and a 79 MW natural gas-fired power station, all commissioned in 1984 after the gas pipeline from the offshore gas fields became operational. (wikipedia.org)
  • The industries were supplied by natural gas from the Erb West and Samarang offshore fields. (wikipedia.org)
  • A weather beacon shaped as a natural gas flame was added to the top of the Wisconsin Gas Building in 1956. (wikipedia.org)
  • The storage capacity of the German natural gas network is more than 200,000 GWh which is enough for several months of energy requirement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Soon after the preliminary survey found a natural gas pocket, the ground beneath the drilling rig and camp collapsed into a wide crater and was buried. (wikipedia.org)
  • On President Berdimuhamedow's April 2010 visit, he recommended that measures be taken to limit the crater's influence on the development of other natural gas fields in the area. (wikipedia.org)
  • At that time, Turkmenistan announced plans to increase its production of natural gas, intending to increase its export of gas to many countries such as Pakistan , China , India , Iran , Russia and Western Europe , from its then yearly production level to a new production level of 225 billion cubic metres (7.9 trillion cubic feet) by 2030. (wikipedia.org)
  • Technologies reliant on partial combustion have been commercialized mainly in regions where natural gas is inexpensive. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the early 1970s, Mobil developed an alternative procedure in which natural gas is converted to syngas, and then methanol . (wikipedia.org)
  • A third gas-to-liquids process builds on the MTG technology by converting natural gas-derived syngas into drop-in gasoline and jet fuel via a thermochemical single-loop process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gas burner , heating device in which natural gas is used for fuel. (britannica.com)
  • Where will it come from if we don't drill for natural gas? (treehugger.com)
  • Income for farmers, or fracked natural gas-will communities be allowed to decide? (treehugger.com)
  • Gas Safe Register maintain the register of businesses and operatives who are competent to undertake both piped natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) work in Great Britain, Northern Ireland, the Isle of Man and Guernsey. (hse.gov.uk)
  • it is often used to supplement natural gas during periods of high demand. (infoplease.com)
  • The Oil, Gas, and Minerals Division (OGMD) of the Michigan department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ) is tasked with administering the statute and rules subject to Part 615, Supervisor of Wells, of the Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act, 1994, PA 451, as amended (NREPA). (michigan.gov)
  • Michigan's oil and gas regulations are designed to provide excellent protection of the environment, natural resources, public health, public safety, and property, during oil and gas development activities. (michigan.gov)
  • Shah Deniz gas field is the largest natural gas field in Azerbaijan . (wikipedia.org)
  • It is considered to be a founding link for the Southern Gas Corridor , aiming to bring additional and alternative natural gas volumes to EU member countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • "An Intergovernmental" Agreement and relevant agreements for the carrying and selling of natural gas were signed by delegates of Azerbaijan and Georgia with participating of President Shevardnadze and President Aliyev on September 29, 2001. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline , also known as the Peace pipeline , or IP Gas , is an under-construction 2,775-kilometre (1,724 mi) pipeline to deliver natural gas from Iran to Pakistan . (wikipedia.org)
  • The natural gas in Qatar covers a large portion of the world supply of natural gas . (wikipedia.org)
  • this measurement means that the state contains 14% of all known natural-gas reserves, as the world's third-largest reserves, behind Russia and Iran . (wikipedia.org)
  • [ citation needed ] The majority of Qatar's natural gas is located in the massive offshore North Field , which spans an area roughly equivalent to Qatar itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • A part of the world's largest non-associated, natural-gas field, the North Field, is a geological extension of Iran's South Pars / North Dome Gas-Condensate field , which holds an additional 450 trillion cubic feet (13 trillion cubic metres) of recoverable natural-gas reserves. (wikipedia.org)
  • While Qatar is a member of the OPEC and is a significant oil producer, the government has devoted more resources to the development of natural gas in the contemporary era , particularly for export as liquefied natural gas (LNG). (wikipedia.org)
  • Together, revenues from the oil and natural-gas sectors amount to 60% of the country's GDP . (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2009, Qatar produced 3.15 trillion cubic feet (89 billion cubic metres) of natural gas, three times the amount produced in 2000. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the increase in natural-gas production fuels the growing natural-gas requirements of domestic industry and its GTL projects, the bulk of this increase is going towards LNG exports. (wikipedia.org)
  • Qatar's natural-gas consumption in 2009 was approximately 745 billion cubic feet (21.1 billion cubic metres). (wikipedia.org)
  • During 2009, Qatar exported over 2.4 trillion cubic feet (68 billion cubic metres) of natural gas, 70% of which was LNG. (wikipedia.org)
  • Qatar currently exports about 2 billion cubic feet (57 million cubic metres) of natural gas per day to the UAE and Oman through the Dolphin pipeline . (wikipedia.org)
  • This increase if natural gas exports to UAE is responding to increase of demand in the UAE and also matches the export gas pipeline's supply capacity of 3.2 billion cubic feet per day. (wikipedia.org)
  • In line with Qatar's plans to significantly expand natural-gas production during the next five years, the country in 2018 pledged investments worth $11.6 billion in Germany , including for the construction of a LNG terminal. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bulk of Qatar's expected future increases in natural-gas production will come from projects related to the massive North Field. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2005, Qatari government officials became worried that the North Field's natural gas reserves were being developed too quickly, which could reduce pressure in the field's reservoirs and possibly damage its long-term production potential. (wikipedia.org)
  • In early 2005, the government placed a moratorium on additional natural-gas development projects at the North Field, pending the results of a study of the field's reservoirs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gujarat Gas Limited, is an Indian natural gas distribution company. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gujarat Gas Company Limited (GGCL) was incorporated in 1980, and is in the business of procurement and distribution of natural gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemistry laboratories use natural-gas fueled Bunsen burners. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples are: Environmental gas displacement Confined spaces, combined with accidental gas leaks, such as mines, submarines, refrigerators, or other confined spaces Fire extinguisher systems that flood spaces with inert gases, such as computer data centers and sealed vaults Large-scale natural release of gas, such as during the Lake Nyos disaster in which volcanically-released carbon dioxide killed 1,800 people. (wikipedia.org)
  • A gas engine is an internal combustion engine which runs on a gas fuel, such as coal gas, producer gas, biogas, landfill gas or natural gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order for natural selection to have affected gas vesicles, the vesicles' diameter must be controlled by genetics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of liquified gases include liquid air, liquefied natural gas, and liquefied petroleum gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Liquefied natural gas is natural gas that has been liquefied for the purpose of storage or transport. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since transportation of natural gas requires a large network of pipeline that crosses through various terrains and oceans, a huge investment and long term planning are required. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before transport, natural gas is liquefied by pressurization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unconventional gas is natural gas obtained from sources of production that are, in a given era and location, considered to be new and different. (wikipedia.org)
  • Natural gas, whether conventionally produced or not, has itself been considered to be an unconventional source for oil production. (wikipedia.org)
  • About us", IEA and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), International Energy Agency/OECD, 2013, retrieved 28 December 2013, Conventional oil is a category that includes crude oil - and natural gas and its condensates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coal gases were the primary source of gas fuel during the 1940s and 1950s until the adoption of natural gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of coal gases has become far less popular due to the adoption of natural gas in the 1960s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Natural gases were better for the environment because they burned more cleanly than other fuels such as coal and oil and could also be transported more safely and efficiently over sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multinet Gas is an Australian energy company and one of three Victorian natural gas distribution networks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multinet Gas distributes natural gas to more than 690,000 customers throughout Melbourne's inner eastern suburbs and outer Eastern Suburbs, the Yarra Ranges, and South Gippsland. (wikipedia.org)
  • The gas used in the 19th and early 20th centuries was coal gas, but in the period of 1967-77, British domestic coal gas supplies were replaced by natural gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Air is the most common, and only natural, breathing gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • A Gas contractor is a person or a group of persons that are professionally licensed, bonded, and insured to deal in all aspects of natural or propane gas installs, repairs, sales and service. (wikipedia.org)
  • MYX: 5209) is a natural gas distribution company in Malaysia. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] The company was incorporated on 16 May 1992 to construct and operate the natural gas distribution system within Peninsular Malaysia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Exhaust gas or flue gas is emitted as a result of the combustion of fuels such as natural gas, gasoline, petrol, biodiesel blends, diesel fuel, fuel oil, or coal. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Titas Gas Transmission and Distribution Company (Bengali: তিতাস গ্যাস Titas Gas) is the largest natural gas distributor in Bangladesh, with an 80% market share. (wikipedia.org)
  • The discovery of a huge gas field on the bank of the Titas River in Bhramanbaria in 1962 created a new horizon for the utilization of natural gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • In October 1968, first domestic natural gas connection was provided to the residence of renowned litterateur Shawkat Osman. (wikipedia.org)
  • Titas Gas is playing a significant role to strengthen the socio-economic condition of a developing country like Bangladesh, even pioneering in saving foreign currency by ensuring expected use of natural gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Supplying natural gas, the principal and environment-friendly fuel of Bangladesh, to the door steps of the customers Titas Gas will march ahead beyond 50 years of its journey with the vision of further growth of Bangladesh. (wikipedia.org)
  • Main objective of the company is to supply natural gas to customers of different categories under Titas Franchise Area, thereby reducing dependency on imported liquid fuel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Safe and efficient distribution of natural gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ensuring efficient utilization of natural gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • The book deals with the issue of irregularities in the determination of the price of natural gas in India. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the book, the authors claim to cover all the issues regarding the extraction of natural gas from the Krishna Godavari Basin. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of 2012[update], Tokyo Gas is the largest natural gas utility in Japan. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common type of fuel gas in current use is natural gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additional fuel gases can result as a process of refining natural gas or petroleum: Propane Butane Regasified liquefied petroleum gas Fuel gases have been used in numerous applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • ONE Gas, Inc. is a stand-alone, 100 percent regulated, publicly traded natural gas utility and is one of the largest natural gas utilities in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • ONE Gas provides natural gas distribution services to more than 2 million customers in Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Headquartered in Tulsa, Okla., its companies include the largest natural gas distributor in Oklahoma and Kansas, and the third largest in Texas, in terms of customers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its largest natural gas distribution markets by customer count are Oklahoma City and Tulsa, Okla. (wikipedia.org)
  • Processing Natural Gas Energy Information Agency website page Archived 2011-03-04 at the Wayback Machine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mobile Gas, headquartered in Mobile, Alabama, is the largest natural gas utility in coastal Alabama that provides energy to 89,000 homes and businesses. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company also supplies liquefied natural gas (LNG) to the heavy-vehicle, power generation and industrial markets nationally through EVOL LNG. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2013, Kleenheat Gas launched a natural gas retailing business, introducing retail competition in Western Australia for residential and small business customers from Geraldton to Busselton for the first time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Natural gas - Kleenheat supplies natural gas to around 140,000 customers in households and small businesses from Busselton to Geraldton. (wikipedia.org)
  • Liquefied natural gas (LNG) - Kleenheat Gas' subsidiary EVOL LNG supplies LNG for heavy-duty vehicles, remote power generation and industrial plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Russian natural gas export company Gazprom Export, on behalf of Gazprom, holds the 50% of the shares. (wikipedia.org)
  • Within the interests of the company also fall the promotion and the implementation of business plans, aiming at creating new major natural gas consumers such as the modern natural gas fired combined cycle power stations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The only commercially viable reserves are a few natural gas wells, mostly in the US, that trapped it from the slow alpha decay of radioactive materials within Earth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Litoral Gas is the primary provider of natural gas to the city of Rosario, Santa Fe, in Argentina. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, it is generally considered unacceptable in normal operations due to its environmental impact: natural gas has far greater global warming potential before than after combustion to CO2 and often contains harmful contaminants prior to processing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Natural gas was sometimes considered troublesome, dangerous, low value: a "free" by-product associated with financially more lucrative coal or liquid hydrocarbon recovery that has to be dealt with. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human activity has increased the number of potential sources and pathways for natural gas to escape from the earth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Producer gas is fuel gas that is manufactured from material such as coal, as opposed to natural gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Modern 'natural gas' used in homes is far less toxic, and has a gassy odor added to it for identifying leaks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Shale gas is natural gas that is found trapped within shale formations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Shale gas has become an increasingly important source of natural gas in the United States since the start of this century, and interest has spread to potential gas shales in the rest of the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • by 2010 it was over 20% and the U.S. government's Energy Information Administration predicts that by 2035, 46% of the United States' natural gas supply will come from shale gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • More recent studies have also concluded that life-cycle shale gas GHG emissions are much less than those of coal, among them, studies by Natural Resources Canada (2012), and a consortium formed by the US National Renewable Energy Laboratory with a number of universities (2012). (wikipedia.org)
  • Horizontal drilling began in the 1930s, and in 1947 a well was first fracked in the U.S. Federal price controls on natural gas led to shortages in the 1970s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Faced with declining natural gas production, the federal government invested in many supply alternatives, including the Eastern Gas Shales Project, which lasted from 1976 to 1992, and the annual FERC-approved research budget of the Gas Research Institute, where the federal government began extensive research funding in 1982, disseminating the results to industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since then, natural gas from shale has been the fastest growing contributor to total primary energy in the United States, and has led many other countries to pursue shale deposits. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because shales ordinarily have insufficient permeability to allow significant fluid flow to a wellbore, most shales are not commercial sources of natural gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • A gas heater is a space heater used to heat a room or outdoor area by burning natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, propane or butane. (wikipedia.org)
  • Union Gas Limited is a major Canadian natural gas company based in Ontario. (wikipedia.org)
  • While natural gas is a hydrocarbon, similar to oil, the physical properties of the fluids are very different, making it very hard to correctly quantify the total amount of gas in a formation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company has 98 gas carriers with a total of 4,688,531 tonnes deadweight (DWT) transporting liquefied natural gas (LNG) and liquefied petroleum gases (propane and butane). (wikipedia.org)
  • Natural gas began to be used only in 1930. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result of the Pipeline Safety Improvement Act of 2002 passed in the United States, federal safety standards require companies providing natural gas to conduct safety inspections for gas leaks in homes and other buildings receiving natural gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • This may require entry into private homes by the natural gas companies to check for hazardous conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, the release of unburned natural gas produces much stronger effects than the carbon dioxide that would have been released if the gas had been burned as intended. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United States, most state and federal agencies have adopted the Gas Piping and Technology Committee (GPTC) standards for grading natural gas leaks. (wikipedia.org)
  • A gas meter is a specialized flow meter, used to measure the volume of fuel gases such as natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Voigt has intermittently revived the project for remixes and released a new Gas album entitled Narkopop on April 21, 2017. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dana Gas makes discovery in Egypt, Africa: Oil Review Africa, 2013, retrieved 2014-04-21 Dana Gas reports record output in Egypt, Africa: Oil Review Africa, 2013, retrieved 2014-04-21 Sharif, Arif (15 June 2017). (wikipedia.org)
  • Union Gas has been a subsidiary of Enbridge since February 2017, when former parent Spectra Energy merged into Enbridge. (wikipedia.org)
  • It represents the compressed gas industry with safety standards organisations such as the European Committee for Standardization (CEN), BSI Group and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). (wikipedia.org)
  • In physics, a perfect gas is a theoretical gas that differs from real gases in a way that makes certain calculations easier to handle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Real gases are characterized by their compressibility (z) in the equation PV=zn0RT. (wikipedia.org)
  • Peng-Robinson equation of state (named after D.-Y. Peng and D. B. Robinson) has the interesting property being useful in modeling some liquids as well as real gases. (wikipedia.org)
  • To ensure the follow-up of the recommendations of that conference, an Advisory Group on Greenhouse Gases (AGGG) was established T. Skodvin (October 2000). (wikipedia.org)
  • 2000 Gas Gas EC 200, an enduro bike 2001 Gas Gas XC 250 USA market only (XC produced from 1999-2002) 2003 Gas Gas EC 200 with full Ohlins suspension 2003 Gas Gas EC50 Boy mini bike 2004 Gas Gas DE 300 US market only 2003 Gas Gas EC 250 trialonline.org indoortrial.com abc-wec.com redbulllastmanstanding.com gasgasmotos.es Archived 2008-01-28 at the Wayback Machine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The federal government further incentivized drilling in shale via the Section 29 tax credit for unconventional gas from 1980-2000. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the Eastern Gas Shales Project had increased gas production in the Appalachian and Michigan basins, shale gas was still widely seen as marginal to uneconomic without tax credits, and shale gas provided only 1.6% of US gas production in 2000, when the federal tax credits expired. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2 have no net change in the distribution of their electrical charges when they vibrate, and monatomic gases such as Ar do not have vibrational modes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, unwanted gas (or stranded gas without a market) associated with oil extraction often is returned to the reservoir with 'injection' wells while awaiting a possible future market or to repressurize the formation, which can enhance extraction rates from other wells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Employers, policy-makers, trade associations, and manufacturers use NIOSH information to prevent hazardous dermal exposures among oil and gas extraction workers. (cdc.gov)
  • Conduct basic/etiologic research to better characterize dermal exposure to drilling fluids among oil and gas extraction workers. (cdc.gov)
  • Conduct studies to develop and assess the effectiveness of interventions to prevent hazardous dermal exposures to drilling fluid among oil and gas extraction workers. (cdc.gov)
  • While field studies are ongoing, much more work remains to fully characterize dermal hazards to workers in the oil and gas extraction sector. (cdc.gov)
  • Professional associations, insurers, employers, workers, and other government agencies use NIOSH information to prevent motor vehicle crashes among oil and gas extraction workers. (cdc.gov)
  • Conduct basic/etiologic research to better understand motor vehicle crash risk factors for oil and gas extraction workers. (cdc.gov)
  • Conduct studies to develop and assess the effectiveness of interventions to prevent motor vehicle crashes and resulting injuries among oil and gas extraction workers. (cdc.gov)
  • Conduct translation research to understand barriers and aids to implementing effective interventions to prevent motor vehicle crashes and resulting injuries among oil and gas extraction workers. (cdc.gov)
  • Conduct surveillance research to explore new sources for motor vehicle crash data for oil and gas extraction workers. (cdc.gov)
  • The oil and gas extraction industry employs approximately 541,000 workers (2015) and suffers from a high rate of occupational fatalities from all causes. (cdc.gov)
  • Transportation incidents were the leading cause of death to oil and gas extraction workers, resulting in nearly 600 deaths (42%) over the same time period. (cdc.gov)
  • Nearly every worker in the oil and gas extraction sector drives as part of their job. (cdc.gov)
  • Employers, professional associations, manufacturers, and workers use NIOSH information to reduce silica-induced respiratory diseases among oil and gas extraction workers. (cdc.gov)
  • Conduct basic/etiologic research to better understand exposures to silica other than hydraulic fracturing and their link to respiratory disease among oil and gas extraction workers. (cdc.gov)
  • Conduct studies to develop and assess the effectiveness of interventions to prevent silica exposure and related respiratory diseases among oil and gas extraction workers. (cdc.gov)
  • Conduct surveillance research to explore potential data sources to assess burden of lung disease and early indicators of lung disease among oil and gas extraction workers. (cdc.gov)
  • NIOSH has reported that almost 80% of oil and gas extraction (OGE) workers sampled were exposed to greater than the NIOSH Recommended Exposure Limit (REL) of 0.05 mg/m 3 respirable crystalline silica [NIOSH (cdc.gov)
  • Employers, equipment manufacturers, professional associations, and workers use NIOSH information to prevent hazardous noise exposure among oil and gas extraction workers. (cdc.gov)
  • Conduct basic/etiologic research to better understand sources of noise exposure in oil and gas extraction worksites. (cdc.gov)
  • Conduct translation research to understand barriers and aids to effective use of PPE to prevent hearing loss among oil and gas extraction workers. (cdc.gov)
  • Conduct surveillance research to better understand the burden of hearing loss and sources of noise in the oil and gas extraction sector. (cdc.gov)
  • Businesses in the oil and gas extraction sector (OGE) are exempt from complying with the federal requirements requiring a hearing conservation program, monitoring noise levels, and annual audiometric testing for workers (29 CFR 1910.95). (cdc.gov)
  • Statistics from the NIOSH Occupational Hearing Loss Surveillance project estimated that approximately 76% of all workers in mining, oil and gas extraction are exposed to hazardous noise levels [Tak et al. (cdc.gov)
  • Among all workers in mining, oil and gas extraction, 12% have hearing difficulty and 11% have tinnitus [Masterson et al. (cdc.gov)
  • There exists a need for NIOSH to conduct noise exposure surveys in the oil and gas extraction sector. (cdc.gov)
  • This high-pressure gas impinges on a surface such as a piston head to provide motion for unlocking of the action , extraction of the spent case, ejection, cocking of the hammer or striker, chambering of a fresh cartridge, and locking of the action. (wikipedia.org)
  • At power plants, flue gas is often treated with a series of chemical processes and scrubbers, which remove pollutants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Technologies based on regenerative capture by amines for the removal of CO2 from flue gas have been deployed to provide high purity CO2 gas to the food industry, and for enhanced oil recovery. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ideal gas concept is useful because it obeys the ideal gas law , a simplified equation of state , and is amenable to analysis under statistical mechanics . (princeton.edu)
  • Gas Gas laws Ideal gas Ideal gas law Equation of state {http://web.mit.edu/16.unified/www/FALL/thermodynamics/notes/node18.html} Anderson, J D. Fundamentals of Aerodynamics. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the fluid is referred to as a gas, the density will change greatly depending on the amount of pressure applied due to the equation of state for gases (p=ρRT). (wikipedia.org)
  • Compressibility factor Equation of state Gas laws Ideal gas law: Boyle's law and Gay-Lussac's law D. Berthelot in Travaux et Mémoires du Bureau international des Poids et Mesures - Tome XIII (Paris: Gauthier-Villars, 1907) C. Dieterici, Ann. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chaplygin gas, which occurs in certain theories of cosmology, is a hypothetical substance that satisfies an exotic equation of state in the form p = − A / ρ α {\displaystyle p=-A/\rho ^{\alpha }} , where p {\displaystyle p} is the pressure, ρ {\displaystyle \rho } is the density, with α = 1 {\displaystyle \alpha =1} and A {\displaystyle A} a positive constant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Expecting dangerous releases of poisonous gases from the cavern into nearby towns, the engineers considered it advisable to burn the gas off. (wikipedia.org)
  • The techniques used to fill diving cylinders with gases other than air are called gas blending. (wikipedia.org)
  • The requirements are based on a combination of a few named gases, otherwise on the primary hazard associated with the gas contents: Diving cylinders are left unpainted (for aluminium), or painted to prevent corrosion (for steel), often in bright colors, most often fluorescent yellow, to increase visibility. (wikipedia.org)