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  • furfural
  • In the laboratory, furan can be obtained from furfural by oxidation to 2-furoic acid, followed by decarboxylation . (wikipedia.org)
  • Here we demonstrate that Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenases (BVMOs) can be used as biocatalysts for the selective oxidation of several furans, including 5-(hydroxymethyl) furfural (HMF) and furfural. (mdpi.com)
  • Phenylacetone monooxygenase (PAMO) and a mutant thereof (PAMO M446G ) were selected for studying their biocatalytic potential in converting furfural and some other furans. (mdpi.com)
  • P. putida ALS1267 was the most tolerant to furans and tolerated 17 mM furfural or 195 mM furoate before its growth rate was reduced by 50 % in a defined medium. (springer.com)
  • Chemistry
  • WASHINGTON, DC - A recent study entitled "Furan formation during UV-treatment of fruit juices" issued by Food Chemistry misleads consumers and unnecessarily causes alarm. (corn.org)
  • levels
  • The authors completely ignored the realities of sweetener science: any caloric sweetener substituted for high fructose corn syrup in a sweetened fruit juice would likely produce comparable levels of furans, including the two simple sugars found in apple juice and apple cider," stated Audrae Erickson, president, Corn Refiners Association. (corn.org)
  • calculating exposure requires consideration of both furan levels, and the amounts of food that consumers eat. (corn.org)
  • for example levels of 2-methylfuran in coffee can be four times higher than furan. (europa.eu)
  • products
  • The thiophene formation reaction of 1,4-diketones with Lawesson's reagent also forms furans as side products. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furans can be found in a multitude of heat processed food products- many of which do not contain high fructose corn syrup. (corn.org)
  • Isabelle AS (2002) Investigation on aroma active photooxidative degradation products originating from dimethyl pentyl furan fatty acids in green tea and dried green herbs. (springer.com)
  • found
  • Furan derivatives have been found to be inhibitors of biofilm formation for several bacterial species, as well as possess quorum-sensing inhibitory activities. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • although
  • Although the average intake of foods containing furan indicates a low health concern for most consumers, for high consumers exposure is up to three times what would be considered of low concern for public health. (europa.eu)
  • methods
  • Different preparation methods for coffee result in different losses of furan concentrations. (europa.eu)
  • variety
  • This increased understanding of the transformation of DMF and ethylene to p -xylene will aid in the development of a variety of renewable aromatics from biomass derived furans. (umass.edu)
  • highly
  • Furan is a colorless, flammable , highly volatile liquid with a boiling point close to room temperature. (wikipedia.org)
  • effects
  • Batna A, Spiteller G (1994) Effects of soybean lipoxygenase-1 on phosphatidylcholines containing furan fatty acids. (springer.com)
  • important
  • The level of furan in toast increases with toasting time and with the degree of browning, albeit toast is a less important contributor to overall furan exposure. (europa.eu)