• Moreover, since every sample has a few unusual observations, there is the danger that a general-specification search will lead to overfitting the data, in the sense of selecting an overly complicated functional form. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Hence, in a specification search of the most appropriate functional form, most researchers use the specific-to-general methodology: Estimate a simple model, and perform a number of diagnostic checks to determine whether the model is adequate. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Successful gene‐cloning studies using a rapid functional complementation assay of mammalian somatic cell mutants include the search for pathogenic genes responsible for peroxisome biogenesis disorders (PBDs), autosomal recessive, progressive disorders characterised by loss of multiple peroxisomal metabolic functions and defects in peroxisome assembly, consisting of 14 complementation groups (CGs). (els.net)
  • In 2012, the 2013-2018 IIS Functional Standards were developed through a collaboration of IISSB and IIs stakeholders. (cdc.gov)
  • Cite this: Prehabilitation Boosts Functional Status in Esophagogastric Surgery Patients - Medscape - Sep 14, 2018. (medscape.com)
  • functional/fortified foods totaled $247 billion (Euromonitor 2018). (ift.org)
  • Although the United States is the largest functional food and beverage market, Asia and Eastern Europe are driving sales (Euromonitor 2018). (ift.org)
  • A screen of the GenBank database with the newly identified ARE consensus identified 16 genes which contained the functional ARE consensus sequence in their promoters. (pnas.org)
  • Over the past 1 2+ years, my undergrads and I have worked to update the an notation of the C58 genome and to connect genes to cellular functions through a variety of functional genomic approaches (Slater et al. (google.com)
  • Many studies on gene cloning, particularly on genes with a very low level of expression, have benefited from the so‐called functional cloning of genes, mostly complementary DNAs (deoxyribonucleic acids) in higher eukaryotes including mammals, by phenotype‐complementation assay, using cell mutants deficient in biological pathways. (els.net)
  • In this project, we are developing a new data-integration framework that finds more robust tissue-specific representations of genes and their functional relationships leveraging the topological properties of genes in tissue-specific as well as global interactomes. (mit.edu)
  • By decoupling the dimensionality of feature representations from genes, we can achieve substantial power in the functional inference of context-specific gene interactions. (mit.edu)
  • We are using the tissue-specific functional representations of genes across tissues to derive a map of tissue-specific disease relationships. (mit.edu)
  • In fact, because of the negative image of drugs, and the grey area of s- xi Foreword xii plements, the use of foods that are "functional" is becoming a growth area for the food industry. (springer.com)
  • In Japan this concept has led to one of the largest growing markets, where they have defined "functional foods" as regular foods derived only from naturally occurring in- gredients. (springer.com)
  • The Japanese further require that the functional foods be consumed as part of the diet and not in supplement form (i. e. (springer.com)
  • The term "functional foods" refers to foods and their components that may provide a health benefit beyond basic nutrition. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Functional foods do more than meet minimum daily nutrient requirements - they also can play a role in reducing the risk of disease and promoting good health. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Biologically active components in functional foods impart health benefits or desirable physiological effects. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Functional foods may include whole foods, such as fruits and vegetables, which represent the simplest example. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Those foods that have been fortified, enriched, or enhanced with nutrients, phytochemicals, or botanicals, as well as dietary supplements, also fall within the realm of functional foods. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The functional attributes of many traditional foods are only now being discovered. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Although the concept of functional foods is not entirely new, it has evolved considerably over the years. (encyclopedia.com)
  • As of 2002, researchers have identified hundreds of food components with functional qualities, and they continue to make new discoveries surrounding the complex benefits of phytochemicals in foods. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Consumer interest in the relationship between diet and health has increased the demand for information on functional foods. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Rapid advances in science and technology, increasing health-care costs, changes in food laws affecting label and product claims, an aging population, and a rising interest in attaining wellness through diet are among the factors fueling U.S. interest in functional foods. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The International Food Information Council (IFIC) has been researching awareness of, and attitudes about, functional foods, through both qualitative and quantitative research. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Functional food s are foods normally consumed in the diet that have scientifically assessed health benefits. (britannica.com)
  • Functional foods and nutraceuticals provide an opportunity to improve human health, reduce health care costs and support economic development. (uga.edu)
  • Certain probiotic strains could be a perfect fit for Greek feta cheese, say researchers who suggest 'functional feta' could meet growing demand for healthy foods. (nutraingredients.com)
  • Analyzes food and biological samples of phytosterols and discusses plant sterol analysis with respect to functional foods. (routledge.com)
  • A new non-invasive method to test the effects of functional foods and nutrients on the gut flora promises to help industry build solid evidence for health claims substantiation, says NIZO Food Research. (foodnavigator.com)
  • Do consumers understand and trust functional foods? (foodnavigator.com)
  • While EFSA's health claims dossier may pave the way towards tighter regulations on what can and cannot be said about a food's potential benefit, the way that consumers understand and interact with functional foods seems to remain mainly unchanged. (foodnavigator.com)
  • Do functional foods work? (foodnavigator.com)
  • Ingredient supplier NutraGenesis has announced an alliance with Kerry Foods to market its proprietary adaptogen product Essentra for use in functional foods, such as stress relief snack bars. (foodnavigator.com)
  • Start-up Origo Biosciences has discovered the presence of an anti-cholesterol immunoglobulin in milk and is investigating its commercialisation as an ingredient for functional foods that may, one day, give plant sterols a run for. (foodnavigator.com)
  • The market of functional foods has experienced a huge growth in the last decades due to the increased consumers' awareness in a healthy lifestyle. (hindawi.com)
  • Bioactive molecules are interesting sources to develop functional foods, as they play a major role in improving the health status and minimizing disease risks. (hindawi.com)
  • The incorporation of bioactive compounds, such as vitamins, prebiotics, carotenoids, phenolic compounds, and phytosterols, in food systems provides a way to develop novel functional foods that may present health benefits or reduce the risk of disease [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Instant nutrition, everyday performance foods, and health-enhancing food processing are among the trends defining the functional food and beverage sector. (ift.org)
  • Given these demographics, expect consumer emphasis to begin to shift toward fortified, functional foods and naturally nutrient-dense fare. (ift.org)
  • The growing interest in functional foods, however, is demanding a critical look at the beneficial nonnutritive effects of carbohydrates on human health. (routledge.com)
  • The final chapters discuss the regulatory and technological aspects of using carbohydrates as functional foods. (routledge.com)
  • From super-satiating smoothies to mood-enhancing bars, functional foods are targeting a broadening assortment of consumer health and wellness needs. (ift.org)
  • Influenced by the recession and a new belief that maintaining their health is a long-term method of cost control, today's "do-it-yourself," wellness-focused consumers are turning to functional foods and beverages in record numbers. (ift.org)
  • U.S. sales of functional foods and beverages reached $37.4 billion in 2009, up 2.7% over the prior year (NBJ, 2010). (ift.org)
  • Cereal with a heart-health/cholesterol claim (chosen by 54% of consumers) or cereal with a fortified claim (bought by 52%) were the most-purchased functional foods in 2009, followed by heart-healthy margarines/spreads (44%), fortified yogurt (32%), nutrition bars (29%), prebiotic/probiotic yogurt (20%), and eggs with omega-3 fatty acids (18%) (Mintel, 2009a). (ift.org)
  • So in an attempt to paint a picture of a fully functional group, I've come up with the following 12 characteristics. (selfgrowth.com)
  • However, this method generates a low number of cells, and those that are produced are not fully functional, which is a requirement in order to be useful models of disease: for example, cortical neurons for stroke, or motor neurons for motor neuron disease. (eurekalert.org)
  • Data arising in real applications are used throughout for both motivation and illustration, showing how functional approaches allow us to see new things, especially by exploiting the smoothness of the processes generating the data. (springer.com)
  • However, the extracellular signal contains additional informa- tion that may be used to bridge the gap between these two extreme approaches and provide multi-scale functional organization infor- mation. (slideshare.net)
  • In the early 1900s food manufacturers in the United States began adding iodine to salt in an effort to prevent goiter, representing one of the first attempts at creating a functional food through fortification. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Scientists and others today often collect samples of curves and other functional observations. (springer.com)
  • US scientists claim to have grown functional kidneys using stem cells taken from cloned cow embryos. (newscientist.com)
  • Scientists can accurately predict which of a thousand pictures a person is looking at by analyzing brain activity using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). (technologyreview.com)
  • In what has been hailed a breakthrough in regenerative medicine, scientists have developed functional ear, bone and muscle structures using 3D-bioprinting technology. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Functional constipation , known as chronic idiopathic constipation ( CIC ), is constipation that does not have a physical (anatomical) or physiological (hormonal or other body chemistry) cause. (wikipedia.org)
  • In organic chemistry , functional groups are specific groups of atoms within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules. (princeton.edu)
  • Our research, at the interface between physics, chemistry, and materials science, focuses on the characterization of fundamental properties of functional - mostly energy relevant - oxides. (chalmers.se)
  • He is also Director of the Institute of Functional Neuroscience, in Perth, Australia. (elsevier.com)
  • The emphasis on readability makes Handbook of Functional Neuroimaging of Cognition ideal for classroom use in advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in cognitive neuroscience. (mit.edu)
  • The major goals of this special issue are to find novel fabrication methods for functional carbon nanomaterials and the modification or nanostructuring of carbon surfaces for novel functionalization in up-to-date applications. (hindawi.com)
  • This issue includes research papers covering a wide range of current progress on the modification with physical and chemical methods and characterization for functional carbon nanomaterials and nanostructures, as well as the related applications in hard coatings, energy storage and conversion, water filtration, catalysts, and decontamination. (hindawi.com)
  • The combined study on novel experimental preparation of carbon nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes, amorphous carbon films, and fullerenes and the theoretical investigations of functional carbon nanomaterials with first-principles/ab initio calculation are presented. (hindawi.com)
  • The word moiety is often used synonymously to "functional group," but, according to the IUPAC definition, [ 3 ] a moiety is a part of a molecule that may include functional groups as substructures. (princeton.edu)
  • Functional programming is a programming paradigm , so I don't understand the aversion to mentioning that in the lead sentence (and I don't see the need for a definition like " a style of building the structure and elements of computer programs " which is so vague that it is useless). (wikipedia.org)
  • The following result is perhaps the for the definition of the continuous functional calculus. (planetmath.org)
  • The structural information has provided valuable functional insights on some of these proteins, through careful structural analyses, serendipity, and structure-guided functional screening. (nih.gov)
  • This is one of the first studies to actually correlate both functional and structural brain changes in epilepsy," says Christopher Pawela, PhD, Co-Editor-in-Chief and Assistant Professor, Medical College of Wisconsin. (redorbit.com)
  • The book describes theoretical and methodological developments in the use of functional neuroimaging techniques to study the neural basis of cognition, from early scientific efforts to link brain and behavior to the latest applications of fMRI and PET methods. (mit.edu)
  • The second module will enable you to adapt your communication to the specific characteristics of the cross-functional manager and to other people from varied professional backgrounds. (rics.org)
  • The nerve cells generated by this new method show the same functional characteristics as the mature cells found in the body, making them much better models for the study of age-related diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's, and for the testing of new drugs. (eurekalert.org)
  • The Immunization Information System (IIS) Functional Standards describe the operations, data quality, and technology needed by IISs to support immunization programs, vaccination providers, and other immunization stakeholders and their immunization-related goals. (cdc.gov)
  • CDC works with these IIS stakeholders to update the Functional Standards when needed to address changes in technology, business process, and best practices in immunization services. (cdc.gov)
  • IISSB and IIS stakeholders collaborated again in 2017 and released the proposed update, IIS Functional Standards, v4.0. (cdc.gov)
  • The IIS Functional Standards and OGS help assure that all IISs attain a level of uniformity and consistency in supporting common clinical, programmatic, and public health immunization goals for both public and private stakeholders. (cdc.gov)
  • The cross-functional manager is core to bringing stakeholders together from different areas of a business, ensuring smooth communication and leading them to the project objective as a team. (rics.org)
  • This reference compiles a broad spectrum of perspectives from specialists in academic, governmental, and industrial research settings to demonstrate the influence of biochemistry and biotechnological applications on functional food developments. (routledge.com)
  • For example, an ester is divided into an alcohol moiety and an acyl moiety, but has an ester functional group. (princeton.edu)
  • Each moiety may carry any number of functional groups, for example methyl parahydroxybenzoate carries a phenol functional group in the acyl moiety. (princeton.edu)
  • With the advent of functional programming, and with powerful functional languages such as Scala, Clojure and Elixir becoming part of important enterprise applications, functional data structures have gained an important place in the developer toolkit. (oreilly.com)
  • CDC modified the naming convention of the IIS Functional Standards to ensure the standards can be updated as needed to remain current with expanding IIS functionalities and the evolving health IT environement. (cdc.gov)
  • Prehabilitation is a structured, personalized intervention that utilizes the perioperative period to optimize patients' functional status," Dr. Francesco Carli of McGill University Health Center in Montreal told Reuters Health. (medscape.com)
  • Through clinical and epidemiological studies, Functional Food Carbohydrates addresses the specific classes of carbohydrates that seem to exert health-enhancing effects. (routledge.com)
  • If a user can't understand what computation or evaluation of a function is, they are not going to be able to understand what functional programming is, no matter how much you dumb down or oversimplify the lead. (wikipedia.org)
  • Combining the names of functional groups with the names of the parent alkanes generates a powerful systematic nomenclature for naming organic compounds . (princeton.edu)
  • We are working on a broad range of functional materials, from inorganic to organic and hybrid materials. (imperial.ac.uk)
  • What is Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)? (psychcentral.com)
  • Functional magnetic resonance imaging, or fMRI, is a technique for measuring brain activity. (psychcentral.com)
  • He was President of the Statistical Society of Canada in 2002-3 and holds the Society's Gold Medal for his work in functional data analysis. (springer.com)
  • Get hands-on with Scala to get the most out of functional programming. (oreilly.com)
  • However, complexity has been defined in many ways by multiple different fields: here, we investigate measures of algorithmic and process complexity in both the temporal and topological domains, testing them on functional MRI BOLD signal data obtained from individuals undergoing various levels of sedation with the anaesthetic agent propofol, replicating our results in two separate datasets. (nature.com)
  • Designs and develops test plans based upon functional specifications. (mail-archive.com)
  • A multi-functional surgical device useful, for a-.ample, for male and female sterilization procedures. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 2. A multi-functional surgical forceps instrument for use in performing endoscopic procedures within an anatomical cavity as recited in claim 1 wherein said elongate member is tubular. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 4. A multi-functional surgical forceps instrument for use in performing endoscopic procedures within an anatomical cavity as recited in claim 1 wherein said tissue cutting means includes knife blades. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Physical therapists and occupational therapists can also assist individuals to develop functional fitness routines. (bellaonline.com)
  • The building of the recomposed TAD depends on both distinct functional and intrinsic parameters such as the genomic distance," says Fabre. (epfl.ch)
  • When searching over many different functional forms, the usual t -tests and F -tests of statistical significance , as well as the usual measures of fit, such as R 2 , are generally not appropriate, however. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The contributions are first rate and provide an excellent survey of current research on functional neuroimaging of cognition while capturing the excitement of new the developments. (mit.edu)
  • Are you sure you want to remove Functional neuroimaging of visual cognition from your list? (openlibrary.org)
  • As one adds regressors and allows for more general functional forms, the fit of the regression to the data will necessarily improve. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Another method that can be used to select the most appropriate functional form is out-of-sample forecasting (in which the researcher holds back a portion of the observations from the estimation process and estimates the alternative models over the shortened span of data). (encyclopedia.com)
  • From staying up-to-date on the latest standards to managing all of the associated data, complying with functional safety requirements has traditionally been a time-consuming, manual effort. (cadence.com)
  • IIS Functional Standards related to data quality are woven into the Essential Infrastructure Functional Standards and are reflected in multiple goals in this document. (cdc.gov)
  • Functional annotation, classification and Id conversion of gene expression data. (qub.ac.uk)
  • It complements the authors' other recent volume Applied Functional Data Analysis: Methods and Case Studies. (springer.com)
  • In particular, there is an extended coverage of data smoothing and other matters arising in the preliminaries to a functional data analysis. (springer.com)
  • The authors … are leading experts in functional data analysis, and they have provided a comprehensive discussion on various statistical techniques for the analysis of functional data. (springer.com)
  • Get Functional Data Structures and Algorithms now with O'Reilly online learning. (oreilly.com)
  • Explore a preview version of Functional Data Structures and Algorithms right now. (oreilly.com)
  • Easy-to-understand explanations of practical topics will help you get started with functional data structures. (oreilly.com)
  • Functional data structures have the power to improve the code base of an application and improve efficiency. (oreilly.com)
  • Next, you'll get to know about Lists, the work horse data type for most functional languages. (oreilly.com)
  • The data parallelism in the map function can be thought of as similar to vector operations in High Performance Fortran , but the functional equivalent can be more powerful, as arbitrary functions can be applied. (everything2.com)
  • On the road to an excellent nutrition, functional food is an interesting and stimulating concept, as much as it is supported by sound and consensual scientific data generated by the recently developed functional food science. (hindawi.com)
  • As more of the benefit and functional versatility of carbohydrates is revealed, it is clear that any future research and recommendation must be based on a solid synthesis of multidisciplinary findings including epidemiological, metabolic, and clinical nutritional data. (routledge.com)
  • Functional magnetic particles are formed by dissolving a mucopolysaccharide such as chitosan in acidified aqueous solution containing a mixture of ferrous chloride and ferric chloride. (google.co.uk)
  • The present invention relates to functional magnetic microspheres useful in the removal of soluble toxic materials such as lead, copper, mercury cations and nitrate, flouride, phosphate and borate anions from water. (google.co.uk)
  • More particularly, the present invention relates to easily recoverable, functional magnetic microspheres comprising magnetic particles which are coated with a glucosamine polysaccharide such as chitosan, and to a method for forming the microspheres. (google.co.uk)
  • Examples of functional fitness exercises include a standing bent over row, a one legged squat, and sit-ups on a stability ball. (bellaonline.com)
  • Cross-functional teams are drawn from different areas of an organisation, often with varying backgrounds and a wide variety of skills. (rics.org)
  • During the development of version 4.0 of the IIS Functional Standards, the IIS Functional Standards workgroup identified a set of IIS functions that underpin the operation of an IIS. (cdc.gov)
  • The purpose of this module is to add other functional-like functions to Perl, such as foldl and foldr, as well as the use of infinite lists. (cpan.org)
  • Job title: QA Functional Automation Lead Location: Dallas, TX Duration: 12+ Months Contract* *Need only US Citizens & F2F Required Duties and Functions: Coordinates implementation of test automation and efficiency. (mail-archive.com)
  • Functional clustering is a computational technique that groups samples, for instance proteins, into clusters with similar functions. (nature.com)
  • While many of these proteins have known functions, a large percentage of them have not been characterized at the functional level. (nih.gov)
  • We hypothesize that the expression of specific DC functions integrates a large variety of activating and inhibitory variables, and is represented by the formation of a functional unit of molecular networks-the signal response module (SRM). (mendeley.com)
  • In this study, the additional sequences necessary to define a sufficient, functional ARE are identified through systematic mutational analysis of the murine GST Ya ARE. (pnas.org)
  • The combined activities of these modules define the functional outcome of DC activation. (mendeley.com)
  • The same functional group will undergo the same or similar chemical reaction(s) regardless of the size of the molecule it is a part of. (princeton.edu)
  • The atoms of functional groups are linked to each other and to the rest of the molecule by covalent bonds . (princeton.edu)
  • The present invention provides a self-metabolic functional material comprising a functional ferromagnetic particles dispersed in a fluid, each of the particles comprising a functional component and a chemically reactive ferromagnetic component with a characteristic of losing a ferromagnetism thereof. (google.co.uk)
  • and then the self-metabolic functional particles can not be carried on the carrying means. (google.co.uk)
  • Fresh self-metabolic functional material comprising self-metabolic functional particles by either ferromagnetism and functionality, is carried on the carrying device by the supply device. (google.co.uk)
  • 3. A self-metabolic functional material according to claim 1, wherein each of the functional ferromagnetic particles is a porous particle containing superfine particles of an iron compound as the chemically reactive ferromagnetic component, the superfine particles being dispersed in the porous particle. (google.co.uk)
  • 4. A self-metabolic functional material according to claim 1, wherein the particles are colloidally dispersed in the fluid, and the fluid is a liquid. (google.co.uk)
  • Execution of complex functional, application, regression and performance tests. (mail-archive.com)
  • Included are expressions in the functional domain of such classics as linear regression, principal components analysis, linear modeling, and canonical correlation analysis, as well as specifically functional techniques such as curve registration and principal differential analysis. (springer.com)
  • The Immunization Information Systems Support Branch (IISSB) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued the first IIS Functional Standards in 1997 in collaboration with immunization program managers. (cdc.gov)
  • The chapters on the functional linear model and modeling of the dynamics of systems through the use of differential equations and principal differential analysis have been completely rewritten and extended to include new developments. (springer.com)
  • Based on the sound mathematical principle of composing independent units of reliably correct code into computational systems, functional programming offers substantial benefits for the long-term reliability of your applications. (manning.com)
  • The safety of your automotive electrical systems is vital, and our automotive functional safety specialists can ensure your compliance with the relevant international regulations (e.g. (sgs.com)
  • In 2001, the National Vaccine Advisory Committee (NVAC) endorsed a set of IIS Functional Standards, setting the course for future development of IISs. (cdc.gov)
  • Many fitness centers have professional trainers who are familiar with functional fitness exercises. (bellaonline.com)
  • The functional consequences of genetic variation in mammalian regulatory elements are poorly understood. (mendeley.com)
  • The Functional Analyst will analyze user needs to determine functional and cross- functional requirements. (glassdoor.com)
  • Core need: Techno-Functional who can gather, analyze and build OTBI reports, production support etc Atlanta, GA 12 months+ Individual. (dice.com)