• Several variations on this basic structure exist, including alternate backbones such as sphingosine in the sphingolipids, and hydrophilic groups such as phosphate as in phospholipids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant physiology is concerned with the life processes of plants, and from the beginning has been focused largely on the higher green terrestrial plants, the autotrophic (self-feeding) plants that feed us animals. (biologyreference.com)
  • The reverse occurred in the dark-plants respired like animals, taking up oxygen and emitting carbon dioxide. (biologyreference.com)
  • Carbohydrates are the most abundant biological molecules, and fill numerous roles, such as the storage and transport of energy (starch, glycogen) and structural components (cellulose in plants, chitin in animals). (wikipedia.org)
  • This structure helps in the proper movement and removal of waste matter in the digestive system, contains lymphatic vessels that regulate pathogens, and lastly, might even produce early defences that prevent deadly diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition there are different immune cells called innate lymphoid cells that function in the gut, to help the appendix maintain digestive health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples (drawn primarily from marine invertebrates) of how animals are 'designed' will include: hydrostatic and rigid skeletons, various modes of aquatic locomotion (burrowing, crawling, swimming), vision, bioluminescence and buoyancy. (bamfieldmsc.com)
  • Functions include cell division and glycolysis occur in the cytoplasm. (byjus.com)
  • Functions include protection, support, facilitates movements and serves as a site for blood cell production. (byjus.com)
  • Previous studies from our laboratory showed that aortic distensibility was decreased significantly 30 minutes after the removal of vasa vasorum in experimental animals compared with baseline. (ahajournals.org)
  • The textual content additionally describes the tools of separating animal viruses, how those are grown within the laboratory, assayed, purified, and utilized in biochemical experiments. (stroyart.su)
  • I thought the material covered in this course was really valuable because it forced us to think critically and could be applied to many animals, and some concepts could even be applied to other areas (i.e. general mechanics, building structures). (bamfieldmsc.com)
  • Of these, 13 were used for the study of aortic distensibility and structure and 4 for validation of the vasa vasorum removal technique. (ahajournals.org)
  • The present study aimed to determine whether intravitreal administration of an adeno-associated virus (AAV) carrying ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) can achieve long-term morphological and physiological rescue of photoreceptors in animal models of retinitis pigmentosa, and whether injection of this virus after degeneration begins is effective in protecting the remaining photoreceptors. (nih.gov)
  • Although it has been long accepted that the immune tissue surrounding the appendix and elsewhere in the gut-called gut associated lymphoid tissue-carries out a number of important functions, explanations were lacking for the distinctive shape of the appendix and its apparent lack of specific importance and function as judged by an absence of side effects following its removal. (wikipedia.org)
  • The paper is divided into three sections: Section 1 presents an overview of the relationship between structures and biological activities (pro-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory) of several phospholipids with respect to inflammation. (ul.ie)
  • Histology of the aorta revealed medial necrosis, alterations of the elastin fibers, and a trend ( P =.055) for altered collagen-to-elastin ratio in a region occupying more than the one (outer) half of the media of the experimental group animals. (ahajournals.org)
  • This investigation was undertaken to test the hypothesis that impairment of vasa vasorum flow would alter the structure of the aortic wall and change the elastic properties of the aorta. (ahajournals.org)
  • Link to page devoted to the structure and properties of the three kinds of muscles. (blogspot.com)
  • Sections 2 and 3 are dedicated to the structures, functions, compositions and anti-inflammatory properties of dietary phospholipids from animal and marine sources. (ul.ie)
  • Most of the dietary phospholipids of animal origin come from meat, egg and dairy products. (ul.ie)
  • Finally, the strong nutritional value of dietary phospholipids are highlighted with respect to marine and animal origin and avenues for future research are discussed. (ul.ie)
  • After intubation, the animals were connected to a volume respirator (Harvard) and were mechanically ventilated with room air. (ahajournals.org)