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  • trauma
  • The spectrum of temporal bone trauma is extremely varied, ranging from minor concussion without functional deficits to severe blunt or penetrating trauma with multifunctional deficits that involve the auditory and vestibular nerves, the facial nerve, and the intracranial contents. (medscape.com)
  • The clinical presentations specifically related to temporal bone trauma include facial nerve paralysis (partial or complete), hearing loss (conductive, sensorineural, or mixed), vertigo , dizziness , otorrhagia, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) otorrhea , tympanic membrane perforation , and hemotympanum and canal laceration. (medscape.com)
  • Temporal bone fracture is a frequent manifestation of head trauma. (medscape.com)
  • Most cases of temporal bone fracture involve severe body and/or head trauma. (medscape.com)
  • [ 1 ] Therefore, management of the temporal bone trauma may not be the first priority. (medscape.com)
  • However, the initial assessment of the temporal bone trauma in the emergency department by the emergency personnel and the trauma team is critically important. (medscape.com)
  • Approximately 30% of head trauma cases result in skull fracture. (medscape.com)
  • Neck trauma, commonly by strangulation, athletic activities, and car accidents, is the cause of a hyoid bone fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nasal fractures are caused by physical trauma to the face. (wikipedia.org)
  • Calcium
  • Calcium and vitamin D have both been shown to play key roles in maintaining healthy bones. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Magnesium is an essential mineral, and abnormally low magnesium levels can inhibit vitamin D and calcium homeostasis in bones. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Genetic factors are the biggest contributors to bone health, but smoking, too much alcohol, and not enough physical activity also play roles, as do having low levels of calcium and vitamin D. (usatoday.com)
  • Get enough calcium every day (1200-1500 mg in diet or supplements) and vitamin D (800-1000 IU) to keep bones strong. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • These monomers spontaneously assemble to form the bone matrix, for which bone crystals ( calcium hydroxyapatite ) are deposited in amongst, in the form of insoluble crystals . (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, tobacco smoking hinders the process of bone healing, and adequate nutrition (including calcium intake) will help the bone healing process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Are calcium pills any good at preventing bone fractures? (www.nhs.uk)
  • While this headline is not strictly true, new research has shown that for most healthy people, calcium supplements will make little difference to your bone health or risk of breaking a bone. (www.nhs.uk)
  • The researchers looked at the best studies they could find that had looked at the relationship between calcium and bone fracture. (www.nhs.uk)
  • For many years, older people have been advised to increase their dietary calcium intake or take a calcium supplement, as calcium is a building block of strong bones. (www.nhs.uk)
  • However, the researchers found that increasing calcium to the high levels recommended in some countries (although not the UK) did not make much difference to the chances of breaking a bone, even when taken alongside vitamin D. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Calcium pills did increase bone strength by about one to two per cent, but the researchers say this is unlikely to make a difference to fracture risk. (www.nhs.uk)
  • The first looked at the effect of increased calcium on people's bone strength, the second looked at the effect of increased calcium on people's risk of having a fracture. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Researchers searched for all the good quality studies they could find that looked at calcium intake and subsequent fracture or bone strength in people over 50. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Where possible, the researchers pooled the results to get an overall answer to the question of whether increasing calcium intake, from pills or food, had an effect on either fracture or bone strength. (www.nhs.uk)
  • The researchers began by looking at randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of increased dietary calcium or calcium supplements (including studies with calcium plus vitamin D). They did not find enough RCTs looking at the effects of dietary calcium on fracture to answer the question, so they also included cohort studies exploring this relationship. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Instead, they looked at how many studies reported any effect of increased calcium intake on fracture risk. (www.nhs.uk)
  • When they looked at the effects of eating more calcium in the diet, the researchers found 14 out of 22 cohort studies (covering 291,273 people) did not show that calcium had any effect on the chances of breaking any bone. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Of those studies that found people with a higher intake of calcium were less likely to have had a fracture, most showed only a small effect. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Do you take calcium and vitamin D to protect your bones? (medicalxpress.com)
  • Low protein consumption appears to alter the risk of bone breakage, presumably through changes in calcium homeostasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • These sulphate ions may be neutralized by calcium ions from bone, which may lead to net urinary loss of calcium. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can be accompanied by fibrous osteodystrophy, caused by calcium absorption from the bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • The plug sleeve can be slightly expanded at its end facing the head of the screw and also expanded to a greater extent at its other end, so that simple assembly and firm clamping in the bone tissue is achieved. (google.com)
  • There were differences between the control group and the alcohol-exposed group in the callus, the hard bony tissue that forms around the ends of fractured bones. (medindia.net)
  • sum 2 or 2 ASSEMBLY FOR INSERTING RIGID SHAFTS INTO FRACTURED BONES BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION segments great care must be taken in order to avoid in flicting serious injury on healthy tissue in the vicinity of a bone being repaired. (google.es)
  • However, none of the devices heretofore provided includes a stop for limiting the depth to which a shaft may be inserted into a bone, for thus protecting tissue immediately adjacent to the bone. (google.es)
  • It results from loss of bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue architecture. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • For example, when an adolescent jumps off of a trampoline and lands on his/her feet the bones and connective tissue in the adolescent's feet will usually absorb the force, flex, then return to their original shape. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, if the adolescent lands and the force is too strong, the bones and the connective tissue will not be able to support the force and will fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malunions are painful and commonly produce swelling around the area, possible immobilization, and deterioration of the bone and tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • elderly
  • New research suggests that magnesium supplementation may prevent bone fractures in middle-aged and elderly people. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Bone fractures are one of the most preventable causes of disability among the elderly. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • BOSTON, Sept. 26-Statins may do more than lower a patient's cholesterol -- they may also protect against bone fractures, according to researchers here who analyzed data from more than 90,000 elderly veterans. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Previous evidence on statin use and bone fracture has been conflicting, and most studies have focused on populations of women, even though many statin users are elderly men with heart disease, Dr. Scranton and colleagues noted. (medpagetoday.com)
  • symptoms
  • The main symptoms of a hyoid bone fracture include pain when the affected person rotates their neck, trouble swallowing (dysphagia), and painful swallowing (odynophagia). (wikipedia.org)
  • Other symptoms can be crepitus or tenderness over the bone, suffocation when sticking out the tongue, dyspnea, dysphonia, and subcutaneous emphysema. (wikipedia.org)
  • Surgery
  • The surgery consists for the surgeon re-breaking the bone and realigning it to the anatomically correct position. (wikipedia.org)
  • Do not put weight on the area where the fracture and surgery occurred until informed by your doctor and that could lead to other and future problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • White suffered a fractured bone in his left foot on May 21, 2012 and surgery was subsequently performed two days later. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood vessels
  • For example, blood vessels and the like frequently are found in juxtaposition with a bone to be repaired. (google.es)
  • The periosteum has blood vessels that supply oxygen and nutrition to the bone cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • suffer
  • Normally, people suffer from a traumatic fracture as a result of them having performed an activity that subjected the bone to enduring excessive pressure, stress, or a deep impact -- for instance, a fall, or a vehicular accident. (buzzle.com)
  • A person, governed by good health and body constitution, too, may suffer from such a fracture. (buzzle.com)
  • For women in their 70s, researchers found that one out of every 20 women taking the drugs for at least one year could suffer a fracture. (emaxhealth.com)
  • risk
  • During this time, the researchers found that participants with low levels of serum magnesium had a significantly higher risk of bone fractures. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The findings do suggest that avoiding low serum concentrations of magnesium may be a promising though unproven strategy for risk prevention of fractures," says Dr. Kunutsor. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Prior studies have already identified a potential increased risk of bone fractures from Avandia side effects, but new research suggests that women who take the drug for at least a year could double their risk of a fracture, especially older women. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Their findings, which appear online in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, found that women taking Avandia or Actos, another drug in the same class of medications as Avandia, could double their risk of a bone fracture when compared with the normal risk for their age groups. (emaxhealth.com)
  • According to an article in The USA Today, Dr. Singh suggested that the Actos and Avandia fracture risk combined with the previously reported heart risks call into question the minimal benefits provided by the drugs in lowering blood-sugar levels. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Our study represents one of the largest studies to date of individuals receiving statins and the evaluation of fracture risk. (medpagetoday.com)