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  • Nutrients
  • If diet, exercise, and medication are not effective, a gastric balloon or surgery may be performed to reduce stomach volume or length of the intestines, leading to feeling full earlier or a reduced ability to absorb nutrients from food. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are used by plants to survive the winter or dry months, to provide energy and nutrients for regrowth during the next growing season, and as a means of asexual reproduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • To reach the recommended amount of fibre, consumption of dietary fibre from foods (e.g. plants, vegetables, legumes, and grains) instead of supplements is preferred because they contain additional beneficial nutrients and non-nutritive components (e.g. antioxidants and phytoestrogens). (wikipedia.org)
  • fats
  • We also found that transitioning from an insufficient to adequate/recovery sleep schedule decreased energy intake, especially of fats and carbohydrates, and led to −0.03 ± 0.50 kg weight loss. (pnas.org)
  • Total food cravings (p = 0.009, d = -1.19) and specific cravings of high-fat foods (p = 0.023, d = -0.90), fast-food fats (p = 0.009, d = -0.71), and carbohydrates/starches (p = 0.009, d = -0.56) decreased from baseline to 12 weeks. (cardiactivist.com)
  • When these tests were completed, P&G filed for approval as a food additive for up to 35% replacement of fats in home cooking and 75% in commercial uses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reduced levels of physical activity due to increased use of private cars, desk bound employment, a decline in home cooking skills and the ready availability of processed foods high in sugar, salt and saturated fats, are variously cited as contributing factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Calorie
  • In the book, she explained the concept of the calorie as a scientific unit of measurement of the energy potentially available from food. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the US, biological energy is expressed using the energy unit Calorie with a capital C (i.e. a kilocalorie), which equals the energy needed to increase the temperature of 1 kilogram of water by 1 °C (about 4.18 kJ). (wikipedia.org)
  • So, when a calorie of food energy is consumed, one of three particular effects occur within the body: a portion of that calorie may be stored as body fat, triglycerides, or glycogen, transferred to cells and converted to chemical energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP - a coenzyme) or related compounds, or dissipated as heat. (wikipedia.org)
  • signals
  • Participants were allocated in a randomised, double-blind design to receive four 10-minute sessions of either active or control go/no-go training in which either high-energy density snack foods (active) or non-food stimuli (control) were associated with no-go signals. (exeter.ac.uk)
  • dietary fibre
  • Diverticulitis is mainly attributed to the low fibre intake typical of the Western diet for which gradual increase dietary fibre over several weeks is common clinical solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • physical
  • Potential targets include interventions to modify food intake and physical activity. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The degree to which each behavior (food intake or physical activity) will be targeted is dependent on the results of this study. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • They are generally marketed toward health-conscious people, diabetics, athletes, and other people who want to lose weight, improve physical fitness, or reduce their sugar intake. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normal energy requirement, and therefore normal energy intake, depends mainly on age, sex and physical activity level (PAL). (wikipedia.org)
  • As part of the Quantified Self movement, the FuelBand allows its wearers to track their physical activity, steps taken daily, and amount of energy burned. (wikipedia.org)
  • adolescents
  • Adolescents consumed approximately 50% of energy needs regardless of manipulations in portion sizes and eating rate to attenuate gorging. (nih.gov)