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  • aquaculture
  • The plan developed by the Park Service and the Grand Portage Band identifies six major categories of vectors that could cause the spread of VHS into and within these parks and reservation waters: Aquaculture, untreated ballast water, commercial and subsistence fishing, movement/migration of fish, Park Service and reservation operations, and water-based recreational activities. (nationalparkstraveler.org)
  • gills
  • The fish will exhibit behaviors such as rubbing against objects and may start gasping for air near the surface of the tank if the gills have been affected. (petreporters.com)
  • You will notice that, as with ICH, the fish will rub against objects, show difficulty in breathing or gasp for air near the surface of the tank if the gills have been affected. (petreporters.com)
  • viral
  • Hemorrhagic septicemia is a viral disease with no known cure, although water changes and broad spectrum antibiotics may help, reports Tetra. (reference.com)
  • The National Park Service and the Grand Portage Band of the Lake Superior Chippewa have agreed to work together on efforts to protect park and tribal fishery resources in Lake Superior from a deadly fish disease known as viral hemorrhagic septicemia , or VHS. (nationalparkstraveler.org)
  • infect
  • VHS is known to infect at least 28 species of fish within the Lake Superior Basin, including many popular species for both commercial and recreational fishing and has been the cause of large fish kills in other parts of the Great Lakes. (nationalparkstraveler.org)
  • Bait
  • The highest risk vectors include the use of VHS-infected bait by fishermen, the spread of VHS by infected water and/or fish in boats, agency and tribal operations, and untreated ballast water exchange. (nationalparkstraveler.org)