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  • Mental Health
  • There are very few things considered more taboo in the world of mental health than the suggestion that problematic family dynamics can lead to a child developing a psychotic disorder. (madinamerica.com)
  • And yet, when we look honestly at the history and research of psychosis and the broader concept of "mental illness," it becomes apparent that there are few subjects in the mental health field that are more important. (madinamerica.com)
  • Fast forward to today, however, and we find that any quick surf across the internet will pull up a plethora of mainstream mental health organizations that are very quick to denounce the possibility that problematic family dynamics has anything at all to do with a young person developing a psychotic condition. (madinamerica.com)
  • and in fact you will find explicit statements to this effect throughout the mainstream mental health field today. (madinamerica.com)
  • 8- 11 It seems that many, if not most, suicidal people are first noticed by mental health professionals only after a suicide attempt. (bmj.com)
  • This research is currently supported by grants from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute of Mental Health, and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (HD064687, HD051746, MH051361, and HD047573). (springer.com)
  • risky behavior
  • 18 - 20 More distally, research has shown that community investments in youth (through structural resources, appropriate mechanisms of control, and connectedness) are related to lower levels of risky behavior in the community and greater opportunity for health-promoting behavior and positive youth development. (aappublications.org)
  • The media may serve as a kind of sexual superpeer for teens, providing models of attractive older adolescents engaging in risky behavior that may not be condoned in the teen consumer's own peer group. (aappublications.org)
  • Social Influence in Risky Behavior by Adolescents Andrew E. Clark PSE (joint research unit CNRS-EHESS-ENPC-ENS), CNRS and IZA Bonn Youenn Lohéac FLAVIC (INRA-Dijon and ENESAD) and TEAM (University of Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne and CNRS) Discussion Paper No April 2005 IZA P.O. Box Bonn Germany Phone: Fax: Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of the institute. (docplayer.net)
  • Social Influence in Risky Behavior by Adolescents Many years of concerted policy effort in Western countries has not prevented young people from experimenting with cigarettes, alcohol and marijuana. (docplayer.net)
  • We use detailed panel data from the Add Health survey to examine risky behavior (the consumption of tobacco, alcohol and marijuana) by American adolescents. (docplayer.net)
  • In this paper we empirically evaluate the proposition that risky behavior by adolescents depends on the behavior of their peers (here, other adolescents in the same school). (docplayer.net)
  • Resiliency
  • In this paper, the authors provide an overview of the research literature on resiliency in adolescents. (springer.com)
  • We explore the history of resiliency as it relates to the health and well-being of adolescents, identify common themes, provide a description of resilient youth, and introduce the developmental assets framework. (springer.com)
  • Lastly, we examine developmental assets in relation to counselling practice, including how counsellors can effectively incorporate the concept of resiliency into their professional practice in working with adolescents. (springer.com)
  • Bonnie Benard, who has synthesized more than 100 studies and articles connected to resiliency, has found that all students have an innate capacity for resilience, and that school and classroom culture can strongly influence their ability to tap that capacity. (docplayer.net)
  • prevention
  • The reader is also referred to A Reasoned Approach: Reshaping Sex Offender Policy To Prevent Child Sexual Abuse and Sexual Abuse as a Public Health Problem for information about the prevention of sexual abuse 6 . (atsa.com)
  • However, the adoption of sexual abstinence as a prevention strategy among adolescents remains low and factors influencing its practice among urban young people in Nigeria are relatively unknown. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Parenting
  • Parent physiology and emotion may play an important role in parenting and parent-child relationship quality, yet little research has examined these associations in parents of adolescents. (springer.com)
  • This study employed a naturalistic laboratory-based approach to observe maternal reactivity (mothers' cardiovascular and negative emotional responses) during a parent-adolescent interaction task (PAIT) and associations with parenting behavior and parent-adolescent relationship quality. (springer.com)
  • We also examined possible indirect effect of maternal reactivity on parent-adolescent relationship quality through parenting variables. (springer.com)
  • Additionally, observed maladaptive and positive parenting during PAIT and reported parent adolescent relationship quality were collected. (springer.com)
  • 05). Lastly, we found an indirect effect of HR on parent adolescent relationship through positive parenting and an indirect effect of maternal negative emotional experience on parent-adolescent relationship quality through maladaptive and positive parenting. (springer.com)
  • In sum, high emotional reactivity and blunted HR predicted poorer parenting, and directly and indirectly affected parent-adolescent relationship quality. (springer.com)
  • Latent
  • Latent profile analysis was employed with a diverse adolescent sample ( N = 849) to identify and describe subgroups based on assessment of stress and coping resources, resulting in four distinct groups: Low Risk, Unprotected, Risk Only, and High Risk. (springer.com)
  • Latent variable modeling of longitudinal and multilevel substance use data. (springer.com)
  • peer
  • Early studies of 'off-time' puberty commonly cited emotional immaturity, perhaps compounded by peer rejection, as the basis of greater emotional problems in early maturing girls. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • We use American data from the Add Health survey ( ) to evaluate the strength of peer group influence in the consumption of cannabis, alcohol and tobacco. (docplayer.net)
  • Choukas-Bradley S, Giletta M, Cohen GL, Prinstein MJ (2015) Peer influence, peer status, and prosocial behavior: an experimental investigation of peer socialization of adolescents' intentions to volunteer. (springermedizin.de)
  • results
  • RESULTS: Parent-family connectedness and perceived school connectedness were protective against every health risk behavior measure except history of pregnancy. (unc.edu)
  • The results should assist health and social service providers, educators, and others in taking the first steps to diminish risk factors and enhance protective factors for our young people. (unc.edu)
  • 4 1 Introduction Recent survey results on adolescent drug use are impressive. (docplayer.net)
  • The results show exaggerated accumbens activity, relative to prefrontal activity in adolescents, compared with children and adults, which appeared to be driven by different time courses of development for these regions. (diablovalleyneuropsychology.com)
  • development
  • Because of these differences, particularly rapid and continuing adolescent development and dependence on adults and caregivers, different policies and practices are required. (atsa.com)
  • Adolescent brain development: A period of vulnerabilities and opportunities. (springer.com)
  • Adolescent development in social and community context: a program of research. (springer.com)
  • The design was a three-wave longitudinal study of health and social development using state-wide community samples in Washington State USA and Victoria Australia. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Microbiota-Dependent Metabolite Trimethylamine N-Oxide and Coronary Artery Calcium in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study (CARDIA). (unc.edu)
  • As an Investigator of FTP, TN has been an integral part in the design and coordination of all phases of this study as well as the development, conceptualization, and writing of this article. (springer.com)
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus has emerged as a major health and development concern worldwide. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This research uses data from Add Health, a program project designed by J. Richard Udry, Peter S. Bearman, and Kathleen Mullan Harris, and funded by a grant P01-HD31921 from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, with cooperative funding from 17 other agencies. (docplayer.net)
  • The researchers used data from Add Health, a program at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill supported by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, with cooperative funding from 23 other federal agencies and foundations. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Development of gender identity in the shadow of socialization was presented as the core category extracted from the data in this study. (springermedizin.de)
  • sexual
  • Some adolescents choose to post provocative images or sexual utterances that can inadvertently signal an interest in, or a readiness for, sexual discourse. (aappublications.org)
  • 4 The wide availability of the Internet also provides adolescents unprecedented access to sexual images and sexually explicit materials. (aappublications.org)
  • Adolescents consistently cite the mass media as important sources of sexual information. (aappublications.org)
  • 83% of the 20 television shows watched frequently by adolescents included sexual content, but only ∼1 in 8 of those shows included any depiction of sexual risks and/or responsibilities. (aappublications.org)
  • The aim of the study was to document the sexual abstinence behaviour of in-school adolescents, the factors influencing or obstructing abstinence, and knowledge of HIV and AIDS in Ibadan, South-West Nigeria. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Several findings raise warning signs for the health care system, policymakers, school systems, and parents: an alarming one in five high school girls reported physical or sexual abuse, one in four reported not getting health care when she needed it, and one in four indicated depressive symptoms. (commonwealthfund.org)
  • As advocates for the health and well-being of young people, pediatricians and other health professionals should promote sexual abstinence for unmarried adolescents. (docadvice.org)
  • Pediatricians can help educate parents by explaining to them that they have the ability to influence their adolescents to abstain from sexual activity. (docadvice.org)
  • obesity
  • Findings have been mixed with some studies that reported strong relations to health outcomes such as obesity, whereas others have reported no relation. (aappublications.org)
  • Although the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that families regularly eat meals together as part of its initiative of what families can do to prevent childhood obesity, 3 pediatricians could benefit from more precise estimates of the effects of shared family mealtimes on children's nutritional health. (aappublications.org)
  • We were interested in 3 major public health concerns: obesity, unhealthy eating, and disordered eating. (aappublications.org)
  • social
  • They also contend that legalization or decriminalization of personal use of marijuana likely would trigger a substantial increase in use, with foreseeable increases in the social, economic, and health costs. (aappublications.org)
  • Ninety-five percent of American adolescents have Internet access, and 80% use online social networking sites. (aappublications.org)
  • Parental reactions to children's negative emotions: Longitudinal relations to quality of children's social functioning. (springer.com)
  • Adolescent physical fighting is an important public health concern with known social origins. (aappublications.org)
  • 21 - 26 The recent Commission on Social Determinants of Health reported on the effects of socioeconomic position on the general health status of populations, 27 whereas others have identified specific associations between income inequalities and school bullying. (aappublications.org)
  • adults
  • Using Both Principal Component Analysis and Reduced Rank Regression to Study Dietary Patterns and Diabetes in Chinese Adults. (unc.edu)
  • 25-Year Weight Gain in a Racially Balanced Sample of U.S. Adults: The CARDIA Study. (unc.edu)
  • Accumbens activity in adolescents looked like that of adults in both extent of activity and sensitivity to reward values, although the magnitude of activity was exaggerated. (diablovalleyneuropsychology.com)
  • In contrast, the extent of orbital frontal cortex activity in adolescents looked more like that of children than adults, with less focal patterns of activity. (diablovalleyneuropsychology.com)
  • research
  • Journal of Adolescent Research , 14 , 175-205. (springer.com)
  • In the first leg (Part One), we'll go back in time to explore how such a crucial topic has become so vilified, and then embark upon a flight for an aerial view of some of the most essential findings of the last 60 plus years of research that look at the links between problematic family dynamics and psychosis. (madinamerica.com)
  • This research was supported in part by grants from the National Institutes of Health R01-DA033431 (PI: T.M.C.), R34DA034823 (PI: T.M.C.), and F31DA041790 (PI: C.C.T. (springer.com)
  • Drs Patton, Olsson, Bond and Hemphill were with the Centre for Adolescent Health, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute & Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Australia. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • A research study was undertaken at eight South African primary schools. (scielo.org.za)
  • From the findings of this research study it is concluded that caring schools represent a possible solution for dealing with challenging behaviour in South African schools. (scielo.org.za)
  • This study extends prior research by longitudinally testing these associations across racial/ethnic groups and investigating whether culturally relevant variations within racial/ethnic minority groups, such as skin tone (i.e., lightness/darkness of skin color), are linked to attitudes toward marriage and cohabitation and sex. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between science, politics and business. (docplayer.net)
  • sample
  • We investigated direct and shared effects of family functioning and self-concept on the severity of adolescent externalizing problems in a sample of 224 clinically referred adolescents. (springer.com)
  • marijuana
  • Information on the impact that decriminalization and legalization of marijuana could have on adolescents, in addition to concerns surrounding medicinal use of marijuana, are also addressed in this report. (aappublications.org)
  • school connectedness
  • In this study, school connectedness was measured by a series of questions on whether students felt they were treated fairly, felt close to people at school, and felt a part of the school. (docplayer.net)