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  • prey
  • Larger still are the massive daggers of the two adjutants and marabou (Leptoptilos), which are used to feed on carrion and in defence against other scavengers, as well as for taking other prey. (wikipedia.org)
  • These bills have evolved to help openbills feed on their only prey item, aquatic snails. (wikipedia.org)
  • They feed by masticating their prey and sucking out the liquids. (wikipedia.org)
  • This singular behavior may assist them in extricating themselves from the jaws of predatory fish or from the interior of their own "prey", and the "sliming" might act as a distraction to predators. (wikipedia.org)
  • natural
  • Within 4 million years of diverging from other Phyllostomids, vampire bats had evolved all necessary adaptations for blood-feeding, making it one of the fastest examples of natural selection among mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Asian
  • During the warmer part of the day, Asian Openbills soar on thermals and have a habit of descending rapidly into their feeding areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • likely
  • Because the hairy-legged vampire bat feeds on bird blood and it is the ancestral vampire bat, it is likely that all vampire bats initially fed on bird blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnancy
  • In this illustrated and easy-to-use guide, noted pediatrician Dr. Alan Greene, a leading voice of the green baby movement, advises parents how to make healthy green choices for pregnancy, childbirth, and baby care-from feeding your baby the best food available to using medicines wisely. (drgreene.com)
  • Low levels of vitamin D during pregnancy and breast feeding may be related to an unusual pattern of brain development that can lead to differences in social behaviour of children in later life, according to a study published in the Journal of Endocrinology . (eurekalert.org)
  • changes
  • Nick's behavior changes - he offers Paige a beer, tells her that she'll be very attractive in a few years, and talks about his faith in God, stating, "Without a higher power, we're no better than wild dogs. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, reproductive success depends on the environmental conditions since scarlet shiners undergo physiological changes and reproductive traits and behaviors in response to these conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • develop
  • Spice up your baby's diet You may have heard that babies can develop gas and become fussy from foods with citrus, garlic, chocolate or ethnic flavors, but fussiness and gas are normal in newborns, so it is unlikely these behaviors are related to your food intake. (newswise.com)
  • effects
  • Terminal ballistics (also known as wound ballistics) a sub-field of ballistics, is the study of the behavior and effects of a projectile when it hits its target and transfers its energy to the target. (wikipedia.org)
  • food
  • Fish may be the perfect catch, in moderation The U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommend that pregnant and breast-feeding women avoid eating shark, swordfish, king mackerel or tilefish. (newswise.com)
  • important
  • Coauthor Lawrence Witmer, professor at Ohio University, who imaged the brain and organ of equilibrium, said, "What we have here is the first good look at a sauropod brain, and it has important things to say about this animal's posture and behavior. (eurekalert.org)
  • little
  • Before you begin using a psychiatry, be due to cheep zithromax buy inform your vet of any mexican websites or patients you may have, any grafts you are taking, whether you are i' or breast-feeding, and any susceptible little patients about your hope. (joomla-seo.de)
  • breast
  • One of the many reasons women stop breast-feeding is because they believe they have to follow restrictive dietary guidelines," Neill said. (newswise.com)
  • If you plan to drink moderately while nursing, breast-feed shortly before you consume alcohol. (newswise.com)
  • Breast-feeding mothers can eat up to 12 ounces a week (two average servings) of fish and shellfish that have lower concentrations of mercury. (newswise.com)
  • Make no beans about brewing up caffeine Most breast-feeding women can drink a moderate amount of caffeine without it affecting their infant. (newswise.com)
  • insulin
  • Next, animal data on the interaction of glucocorticoids with insulin on intake of comfort foods are addressed and the hypothesis that glucocorticoids modify feeding behavior, whereas insulin modifies the choice of food is discussed. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Researchers have discovered how the protein Hap1, which is abundant in the brain's hypothalamus, serves as the link between circulating insulin in the blood and the neural circuitry that controls feeding behavior in mice. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Hormones such as insulin and leptin, which circulate in the blood plasma, are known to play an important role in regulating the brain's feeding signals, but scientists have not fully understand how these hormones interact with the brain circuitry. (rxpgnews.com)
  • We concluded that increased levels of Hap1 correlated with increased feeding behavior in the mice, and our research helps explain how Hap1 is linked to feeding-related molecules such as insulin, and to hypothalamic neuronal function," said Xiao-Jiang Li, PhD, professor of human genetics at Emory University School of Medicine and senior author of the study. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Glutamate
  • In the first series of experiments, it was shown that blockade of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5- methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA) and kainate glutamate receptors in the medial part of the accumbens, corresponding to the medial shell subregion, resulted in a pronounced feeding response. (jneurosci.org)
  • neural
  • Here, we show that neural serotonin signaling in C. elegans modulates feeding behavior through inhibition of AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) in interneurons expressing the C. elegans counterpart of human SIM1, a transcription factor associated with obesity. (nih.gov)
  • humans
  • The researchers were particularly interested in "lateralized behaviors," seen in humans as a bias toward right-handedness and more generally in all vertebrates as a bias to the right side. (eurekalert.org)
  • In a new study published in the open access journal PLoS Biology, Drs. Marm Kilpatrick, Peter Daszak, and colleagues now present evidence that the major vector of West Nile virus in the USA, Culex pipiens mosquitoes, change their feeding behavior in the fall from their preferred host, American robins, to humans, resulting in large scale outbreaks of disease. (eurekalert.org)
  • As the summer wore on and robins left their breeding grounds, the probability that humans were fed on increased sevenfold. (eurekalert.org)
  • predators
  • The black bear's generalist behavior allowed it to exploit a wider variety of foods and has been given as a reason why, of these three genera, it alone survived climate and vegetative changes through the last ice age while the other more specialized North American predators became extinct. (wikipedia.org)
  • This singular behavior may assist them in extricating themselves from the jaws of predatory fish or from the interior of their own "prey", and the "sliming" might act as a distraction to predators. (wikipedia.org)
  • Animals
  • A ) Ad lib-fed animals injected with saline were first trained to associate a successful nose poke with a reward pellet using an FR1 schedule. (jci.org)
  • It is intended to capture the unique tag ID number of each animal that puts its head into a feed bunk or trough, and to do so without altering or restricting the way in which the animals feed. (rfidjournal.com)
  • The system can accommodate 128 animals, and the antennas were designed to read tags within the feed bunk at a maximum of 30 inches. (rfidjournal.com)
  • 0.001 versus well-fed animals, unless otherwise indicated. (nih.gov)
  • rapidly
  • During the warmer part of the day, Asian Openbills soar on thermals and have a habit of descending rapidly into their feeding areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Animal
  • The lunge feeding of blue whales is an extraordinary biomechanical event in which the largest animal on Earth accelerates and opens its mouth under water, expanding its enormous throat pouch to engulf a huge volume of water, then filtering out its prey (small crustaceans called krill) by forcing the water through sieve-like baleen plates. (eurekalert.org)
  • Two agricultural engineers working for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) have developed an animal feeding behavior-monitoring system that employs radio frequency identification readers, antennas and multiplexers to gauge the health of livestock. (rfidjournal.com)
  • brain
  • While a number of classical neurotransmitters have been implicated in LH-induced feeding, the discovery of neuropeptides in the brain [ 4 ] has led researchers to consider several of these local neuromodulatory neurochemicals as major players in feeding and reward. (hindawi.com)
  • These findings demonstrate a selective role for non-NMDA receptors in the nucleus accumbens shell in ingestive behavior, and suggest an important functional link between two major brain regions involved in reward, the nucleus accumbens and lateral hypothalamus. (jneurosci.org)
  • effect
  • GABA is known to have a stimulating effect on feeding behavior. (rxpgnews.com)
  • This effect was blocked by co-injection of the alpha-2-receptor antagonist, yohimbine, demonstrating that the alpha-2-receptor is related to stimulation of feeding in layer-type chicks. (biomedsearch.com)
  • response
  • The feeding response to DNQX was blocked by local coinfusion of AMPA. (jneurosci.org)
  • Moreover, the feeding response was completely inhibited by concurrent infusion of the GABAA agonist muscimol (10, 25 ng) into the lateral hypothalamus, a major projection area of the accumbens shell. (jneurosci.org)
  • A combination of both, however, incited a small feeding response. (wikipedia.org)
  • chemical
  • In order to identify chemical constituents other than furanocoumarins that might determine feeding preferences, we compared the chemical profile of parthenocarpic fruits (which are preferred) to that of normal fruit. (springer.com)
  • necessary
  • Together, these findings demonstrate that AgRP neuron activity is both necessary and sufficient for feeding. (jci.org)
  • Within 4 million years of diverging from other Phyllostomids, vampire bats had evolved all necessary adaptations for blood-feeding, making it one of the fastest examples of natural selection among mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • wide range
  • The tagging, which was done for a previous study of how blue whales respond to disturbances in the environment, yielded a rich set of data for a wide range of blue whale behaviors, Friedlaender said. (eurekalert.org)
  • method
  • A method of inducing feeding behavior and accelerating the feeding activity of fish contained within an impoundment of known volume in order to increase the number of fish taken from such an impoundment by baited hook and line within a given period of time. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • role
  • The peptide melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH), isolated from the salmon pituitary in 1983 as an antagonist of alpha-MSH-induced skin darkening [ 8 ], was recognized for its role in feeding in 1996 [ 9 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Role of adrenergic alpha-2-receptors on feeding behavior in layer-type chicks. (biomedsearch.com)
  • preferences
  • Friedlaender is lead author of a new study of blue whale feeding strategies that reveals surprising preferences in the massive whales with respect to how much and which direction they roll during lunge feeding. (eurekalert.org)
  • blood
  • The three species of vampire bats are the only mammals that have evolved to feed exclusively on blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because the hairy-legged vampire bat feeds on bird blood and it is the ancestral vampire bat, it is likely that all vampire bats initially fed on bird blood. (wikipedia.org)