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  • food intake
  • There are different kinds of 'sub-categories' identified for ARFID: Sensory-based avoidance, where the individual refuses food intake based on smell, texture, color, brand, presentation A lack of interest in consuming the food, or tolerating it nearby Food being associated with fear-evoking stimuli that have developed through a learned history Symptoms of ARFID are usually found with symptoms of other disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • These abnormal eating patterns involve either inadequate or excessive food intake, affecting the individual's physical and mental health. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnoses
  • The use of these controversial diagnoses of attachment disorder is linked to the use of pseudoscientific attachment therapies to treat them. (wikipedia.org)
  • reactive attachme
  • Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is described in clinical literature as a severe and relatively uncommon disorder that can affect children. (wikipedia.org)
  • The criteria for a diagnosis of a reactive attachment disorder are very different from the criteria used in assessment or categorization of attachment styles such as insecure or disorganized attachment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mainstream practitioners and theorists have presented significant criticism of the diagnosis and treatment of alleged reactive attachment disorder or the theoretically baseless "attachment disorder" within the controversial form of psychotherapy commonly known as attachment therapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is as yet no universally accepted diagnostic protocol for reactive attachment disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is described in ICD-10 as reactive attachment disorder, or "RAD" for the inhibited form, and disinhibited attachment disorder, or "DAD" for the disinhibited form. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reactive attachment disorder indicates the absence of either or both the main aspects of proximity seeking to an identified attachment figure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Selective
  • After analyzing their eating patterns, they suggested that the children with some degree of ASD have a higher degree of selective eating. (wikipedia.org)
  • These children were found to have similar patterns of selective eating and favored more energy dense foods such as nuts and whole grains. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnosis
  • When the eating disturbance occurs in the context of another condition or disorder, the severity of the eating disturbance exceeds that routinely associated with the condition or disorder and warrants additional clinical attention Recent research suggests that patients meeting criteria for ARFID typically have a longer history of symptoms prior to diagnosis, and an earlier onset than AN or BN patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once a diagnosis has been made, a clinician can then make associations between their clients' symptoms and previously existing knowledge regarding the disorders' etiology, pathogenesis, treatment, and prognosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both the DSM and ICD classification systems have evolved to use a multiaxial scheme, thus, clinicians have been using them not only for the classification of disorder but also as a guide for assessment and diagnosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although many people with ARFID have symptoms of these disorders, they usually do not qualify for a full diagnosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are currently two main areas of theory and practice relating to the definition and diagnosis of attachment disorder, and considerable discussion about a broader definition altogether. (wikipedia.org)
  • habits
  • Some studies have identified symptoms of social avoidance due to their eating habits. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most, however, would change their eating habits if they could. (wikipedia.org)
  • A study done by Schreck at Pennsylvania State University compared the eating habits of children with ASD and typically developing children. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are also studies that focus specifically on how advertisements are able to influence very young children and their eating habits. (wikipedia.org)
  • An eating disorder is a mental disorder defined by abnormal eating habits that negatively affect a person's physical or mental health. (wikipedia.org)
  • After learning about a patient's health history, favorite foods, eating and exercise habits, the RD helps the person to set goals and to prioritize. (wikipedia.org)
  • behavioral
  • The term attachment disorder is used to describe emotional and behavioral problems of young children, and also applied to school-age children, teenagers and adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • Other symptoms include head turns, crying, difficulty in chewing or vomiting and spitting whilst eating. (wikipedia.org)
  • In about half of cases, the signs and symptoms of this disorder become apparent within a few days after birth and include poor feeding, vomiting, seizures, and lack of energy that can progress to coma. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the other half of cases, the signs and symptoms of the disorder appear during childhood and may come and go over time. (wikipedia.org)
  • The name of the disorder emphasizes problems with attachment but the criteria includes symptoms such as failure to thrive, a lack of developmentally appropriate social responsiveness, apathy, and onset before 8 months. (wikipedia.org)
  • area of eating di
  • Her research interests are in the aetiology, prevention and treatment of eating disorders and she has over 120 publications in peer reviewed journals, is co-author on two books outlining therapeutic approaches for perfectionism, and has co-authored 9 book chapters in the area of eating disorders. (fishpond.com.au)
  • Overweight
  • People with this disorder believe they are overweight, even when their bodies become grotesquely distorted by malnourishment. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Agras WS, Hammer LD, McNicholas F, Kraemer HC "Risk factors for childhood overweight: a prospective study from birth to 9.5 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • etiology
  • Study of children allows us to ask different questions about disorder etiology, maintenance, and course as we can minimize the impact of malnutrition on brain function and perhaps better characterize prior learning history. (duke.edu)
  • adult
  • At the age of 16 Nikki had increased her weight to 40 kg (6 st 4 lb) and was released from the clinic, though she relapsed again, this time aged 18, and spent time in an adult eating disorder ward. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oral
  • Dependence on enteral feeding or oral nutritional supplements. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first stage of psychosexual development is the oral stage, spanning from birth until the age of one year, wherein the infant's mouth is the focus of libidinal gratification derived from the pleasure of feeding at the mother's breast, and from the oral exploration of his or her environment, i.e. the tendency to place objects in the mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Weaning is the key experience in the infant's oral stage of psychosexual development, his or her first feeling of loss consequent to losing the physical intimacy of feeding at mother's breast. (wikipedia.org)