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  • bioethics
  • In the words of Dr. Leon Kass, Chairman of the President s Council on Bioethics, cloning threatens the dignity of human procreation, giving one generation unprecedented genetic control over the next. (marymeetsdolly.com)
  • They are trying to scare people by convincing them that Kerry wants to hatch marching armies of cloned soldiers,' said R. Alta Charo, professor of law and bioethics at the University of Wisconsin Law and Medical Schools. (wired.com)
  • mammalian
  • Experiments in the cloning of animals reveals that a high percentage of clones of any mammalian species are born with, or develop, severe deformities or abnormalities. (marymeetsdolly.com)
  • Right now, only two to four percent of mammalian clones are long-term survivors. (readthehook.com)
  • To make a long story short, the problem with mammalian cloning may be that the genes from nuclei from mature cells may have lost their proper imprinting because of aging. (readthehook.com)
  • Circumstantial evidence suggests that ERVs play a role in mammalian reproduction, particularly placental morphogenesis, because intact ERV envelope genes were found to be expressed in the syncytiotrophoblasts of human and mouse placenta and to elicit fusion of cells in vitro . (pnas.org)
  • premature
  • Indeed, cloned animals suffer from several common deficiencies, including premature aging due to the starting DNA having shortened telomeres, lengths of DNA occurring at the ends of chromosomes. (icr.org)
  • 2003. Will cloned animals suffer premature aging - The story at the end of clones' chromosomes . (icr.org)
  • genetic
  • He or she would possess a human genetic structure and a rational nature. (marymeetsdolly.com)
  • Even with a clone, which would have one genetic parent instead of two, other factors besides genes go into making a champion. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Cloning could permit these horses to pass on their genetic material on to future stallions. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Many of the surviving clones are plagued with serious physiological and genetic problems. (encyclopedia.com)
  • It is not yet known whether clones will develop and age normally, or whether subtle failures in genomic reprogramming or genetic imprinting might lead to various defects. (encyclopedia.com)
  • If whole-animal cloning is going to work, instead of producing one non-viable offspring out of 439 embryos (as this project did), it must somehow restore to an acceptable level the original genetic information by making the required individual DNA base changes. (icr.org)
  • Clones, who will be twins displaced in time, and who will therefore have very different life experiences, will likely share even fewer similarities with their genetic forebears. (readthehook.com)
  • entails
  • In vitro fertilization entails the begetting of a new human being right from its start," said McHugh in the article. (lifeissues.net)
  • Biology
  • He stated that the "initiation of life" by cloning is "a matter of religion and ethics", not of biology (or Human Embryology). (lifeissues.net)
  • This tick can bite humans, pets, farm animals and wildlife," said Ilia Rochlin, author of the study and an entomologist and researcher associated with the Rutgers University Center for Vector Biology. (ksat.com)
  • Clonaid
  • The announcement came as Clonaid - the company claiming to have cloned three babies - said one of the infants resides in Israel. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Bridgette Boisselier, President of Clonaid, testified in a Florida court Wednesday that the alleged cloned baby known as Baby Eve is residing in Israel. (washingtontimes.com)
  • As yet, Clonaid has offered no proof of its claims to have cloned human babies despite initial promises that independent verification would be available. (washingtontimes.com)
  • At one of the oddest press conferences ever, Brigitte Bosselier, a "bishop" in the Raelian UFO cult announced on December 27 that their cloning company, Clonaid, has succeeded in cloning a 7-pound baby girl named Eve. (readthehook.com)
  • However, Clonaid says that it has agreed to let an independent panel chosen by science journalist Michael Guillen determine whether Eve is in fact a clone of her mother. (readthehook.com)
  • vitro
  • Leon Kass, chairman of the council, said this report is really about increased oversight of reproductive technologies like in-vitro fertilization. (wired.com)
  • However, considering the case of the natural clones called twins helps us think clearly about what clones produced in vitro would be like. (readthehook.com)
  • She is wrong and in conflict with every textbook of Human Embryology and with the factual evidence known from in-vitro fertilization laboratories. (lifeissues.net)
  • successfully
  • However, if you successfully cloned a champion stud such as Fusaichi Pegasus, you'd potentially have quite a valuable horse on your hands. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Another card in your favor is the fact that humans have already successfully cloned horses. (howstuffworks.com)
  • But even if you managed to successfully create a clone from a handful of ill-gotten hairs, you'd still have another obstacle in your path: the professional horse racing establishment. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Even if you could successfully clone your thoroughbred racehorse, you'd come up against a brick wall the second you were asked to supply DNA proof of natural breeding. (howstuffworks.com)
  • nucleus
  • Now you have cloned the female donor of the "human oocyte" of step (a), without the need to remove the nucleus of the oocyte and replace it with a donor nucleus (from a male or second female). (patents4life.com)
  • failures
  • This debate however has the greatest significance not as in the failures of cloning but rather the consequences of its success. (essaypride.com)
  • treatments
  • The Republicans are trying to link Kerry to the word 'cloning,'' said Michael West, CEO of Advanced Cell Technology , a company that has created early cloned embryos in hopes of developing medical treatments. (wired.com)
  • Therefore
  • A sober judgment about human cloning, therefore, requires a full consideration of our prejudices, and perhaps the discovery that our prejudices are not the only or even the best ones. (georgetown.edu)
  • Therefore, his reasoning was that because the "individual" was not present, ergo, the human being, or as he put it, the "person" was not present. (lifeissues.net)
  • Republicans
  • Despite the slim majority of Republicans - most of whom favor a ban on cloning - in the Senate following the elections last Fall, Manley said, 'they still do not have the votes necessary to get a complete ban on cloning passed. (washingtontimes.com)
  • fertilization
  • In 1979 Clifford Grobstein, a frog embryologist, invented the term "preembryo" in his publication in Scientific American entitled: "External Human Fertilization" 7 . (lifeissues.net)
  • Zavos
  • Siegel stated, "By sponsoring the World Court Initiative, HCPI seeks that the World Court strip away any vestige of legitimacy from potential human cloners, such as Zavos and Antinori. (innovations-report.com)
  • molecular genetics
  • Tom Strachan and Andrew P. Read, Human Molecular Genetics 2 (2nd ed. (lifeissues.net)
  • He has written extensively on the implications for society, medicine and business of the human genome project and associated developments in molecular genetics and bioinformatics . (thefullwiki.org)
  • produce
  • Dr. Paul McHugh, psychiatry professor at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, argues that "without fooling around with it," the cloning process does not produce a viable human organism and should be regarded as tissue culture. (lifeissues.net)
  • That is why almost everyone who has staked out a position in the debate about cloning including those who do not accept Dr. Kass s argument that cloning is inherently wrong because it transforms procreation into a form of production favor a ban on cloning to produce children, at least until the day comes (if it ever comes) when cloning can be done safely. (marymeetsdolly.com)
  • It is clear that a ban on cloning to produce children will only be effective if all cloning is banned. (marymeetsdolly.com)
  • The whole female goat, complete with her womb and an egg, was required to produce the clone. (icr.org)
  • For example, some clones produce larger than normal placentas, others are born twice as big as normal, and some are born with deadly anatomical flaws, like enlarged hearts or defective kidneys. (readthehook.com)
  • people
  • Why would we want to clone more people? (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Ron Reagan pointed out (at the Democratic National Convention), they don't have fingers or toes yet,' said Douglas Johnson, director of legislative affairs for the National Right to Life Committee, 'but there are still a great number of people who think you should not kill them, because they're members of the human family. (wired.com)
  • For example, some people apparently believe that cloning can bring back or replace a dead child. (readthehook.com)
  • Clones would be born with certain expectations, goes the argument, because people with their exact set of genes would have lived before them. (readthehook.com)
  • Does this mean that small people are less significant, or less human, than big people? (lifeissues.net)
  • At best, a lot of people see that a certain style wins favor, so for a while there's enough laboring in one area that you can cull a pretty good sampling of the best results. (loudfamily.com)
  • There are many people who still think that cloning Hitler will also mean repeating what he did. (essaypride.com)
  • Committee
  • Religious groups and others including the National Right to Life Committee believe all cloning is created equal. (wired.com)
  • The terms "preembryo" and "individuation" have been totally discredited, not only by all human embryologists, but have also been rejected by the Nomenclature Committee of the American Association of Anatomists for inclusion in the official lexicon of anatomical terminology, Terminologia Embryologica . (lifeissues.net)