• It is concluded that hospitals can compare their individual rates of infection, based on the specific type of ICU and medical device used, with rates reported to the NNIS program to identify specific areas that could benefit from improved methods for controlling infections. (readabstracts.com)
  • Clade B viruses that are part of a panel of viruses created to evaluate the anti-HIV neutralizing responses elicited during infection or during immunization ( 17 ) are indicated by an asterisk. (asm.org)
  • Simian foamy viruses (SFV) is an enzootic retrovirus that has high rates of cross-species transmission and has been known to affect humans bitten by infected NHPs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Around the world, infection by the Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes acute and chronic liver disease and may lead to cirrhosis, liver failure and/or hepatocellular carcinoma. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Data from the adult population suggest that approximately 10 20% of patients with HCV can go on to develop cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma and the probability of becoming a chronic carrier is inversely related to age at the time of infection [ 5 ]. (panafrican-med-journal.com)
  • The multivariate model showed the following to be predictors of HCV infection: age, injected drug use (OR = 6.65), sniffed drug use (OR = 2.59), hospitalization (OR = 1.90), groups socially deprived by the lack of sewage disposal (OR = 2.53), and injection with glass syringe (OR = 1.52, with a borderline p value). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze predictors of CVD risk factors. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Genotype VI-Avian paramyxovirus serotype 1 (GVI-PMV1) is a virus that arose through cross-species transmission events from Galliformes (i.e. chicken) to Columbiformes, and has become prevalent in the poultry industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because DENV exposure is associated with migration or travel, personal protection measures when visiting high-risk urban areas may reduce the incidence of DENV infection in this rural population. (ajtmh.org)
  • Shorter distance from stagnant water, larger family size, outdoor sleeping, irregular bed net use, and late night sleeping are the major determinant factors for the high incidence of malaria. (biomedcentral.com)
  • If these factors are identified, interventions can be targeted to those at the highest risk of progression to the next stage. (springer.com)
  • Ear infections are often mild and frequently resolve themselves within a short period of time. (hindawi.com)
  • Cross-species transmission, (CST) or spillover, is the ability for a foreign virus, once introduced into an individual of a new host species, to infect that individual and spread throughout a new host population. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is a risk of this phenomenon occurring with morbilliviruses as they can readily cross species barriers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spatial, environmental and entomological risk factor analysis on a rural dengue outbreak in Lundu District in Sarawak, Malaysia. (ajtmh.org)
  • Timely diagnosis of influenza A virus infections is critical for outbreak control. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The British prisoners also received a Red Cross food supplement containing 1300 kcal and 45 g protein each day. (springer.com)
  • The definition criteria which has been used is the same as the one which has been previously used to identify bloodstream healthcare associated infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • This empirical evidence can be used to inform the development of intervention and management programs for ear infection. (hindawi.com)
  • A total of 495 adults (18-84 years) from systematically selected households were sampled during this cross-sectional survey. (biomedcentral.com)
  • paving the way for focused research efforts on tolerogenic nutritional supplements to reduce the infection burden in athletes. (springer.com)
  • as such, it is not surprising that nutritional supplements targeted towards improving immune ' resistance ' show limited benefits to reduce the infection burden in athletes-'if it ain't broke, don't fix it! (springer.com)
  • This paradigm of ' resistance' and ' tolerance' helps to explain why nutritional supplements with tolerogenic effects (e.g. probiotics, vitamin C and vitamin D) are the new targets-tolerogenic supplements may reduce the infection burden in athletes. (springer.com)
  • The most common CVD risk factors were low high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (43.8 %), hypercholesterolaemia (33.2 %) and a high Apolipoprotein (Apo) B/ApoA ratio (45.4 %).Using the Framingham equation, 6.7 % of participants had a moderate to high 10-year CVD risk while the DAD risk equation showed that 31.1 % of participants had a moderate to high 5-year CVD risk. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Even though several studies revealed various determinant factors of childhood malaria, consistent findings are not reported across the nation and elsewhere. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These findings show that the use of infection control guidelines is effective in reducing the risk of transmitting HIV during hemodialysis. (readabstracts.com)
  • Subsequent hearing loss is one of the long-term implications of ear infection found to be associated with behavioural disorders and subsequent risks for longer-term mental health problems in children [ 6 , 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Population attributable risk was estimated for multiple factors using a case-control approach. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To better understand how sick an athlete will become when they have an infection, a paradigm recently adopted from ecological immunology is presented that includes the concepts of immune resistance (the ability to destroy microbes) and immune tolerance (the ability to dampen defence yet control infection at a non-damaging level). (springer.com)
  • Schistosome infection and soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) are major public health problems in many developing countries where they contribute to the suffering of populations living in poor settings. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Improvements have been made to reduce helminth transmission in many parts of the world [ 8 ], but worm infections continue to be an issue of major public health and socio-economic concern. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, the village and education level were the only risk factors which showed significant evidence of association with S. mansoni infections. (biomedcentral.com)
  • On multivariable analysis, history of receiving a non-sterile community tattoo was the only significant risk factor associated with HCV acquisition (after IDU was removed from the model) (p = 0.005, β = 0.468). (eurosurveillance.org)