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  • disaster
  • The process of development has a major impact on disaster risk (ISDR, 2004). (nap.edu)
  • The committee then offers a definition of success in terms of disaster resiliency and reviews influences on achievement of this goal premised on theories of governance and social capital. (nap.edu)
  • Understanding global patterns of disaster risk entails a review of key concepts of development that address the vulnerability of human communities. (nap.edu)
  • As noted in Chapter 1 , disaster risks are products of the disaster event and the degree of vulnerability of human communities that sustain losses from the event. (nap.edu)
  • International aid agencies and INGOs have strong penetration in conflict-hit areas, with window dressing relief operations as a process of easing public opinion for the thriving business of disaster capitalism. (com.pk)
  • globalisation
  • An important aspect of the globalisation process (Rodrik 2011) is foreign direct investment (FDI), which underlies the fragmentation of supply chains (Baldwin 2016) and the emergence of global companies (Navaretti et al. (voxeu.org)
  • Restrictions on labour movement and the free flight of capital across national boundaries is the fundamental contradiction of globalisation. (com.pk)
  • The freedom associated with globalisation is enjoyed by those who have capital but not by the vast majority of the working class who have nothing to offer other than their labour and skills. (com.pk)
  • We at times get carried away by the flamboyance associated with the oft-repeated notion of globalisation as a prospect of human liberation, In fact, though, it has become a force of marginalisation and pauperisation of the poor manual workers and the skilled workforce of the developing world. (com.pk)
  • standardization
  • The purpose of this article is to analyze how the twin concerns of lost varietals and lost cultures are bound together in the socio-political process of standardization, and to explain some areas of resistance. (mdpi.com)
  • The phrase "industrial society" has come to encompass a whole way of economic organization in which the social structure, from industrial management to the fine arts, utilizes the economies of standardization and specialization in basic human activities to produce, paradoxically, an ever more varied set of final products. (encyclopedia.com)
  • levels
  • Hence in one stream, the overall effect of FDI is argued to depend upon whether recipient countries have attained minimum levels of human capital (Borensztein et al. (voxeu.org)
  • Addressing reduced levels of BDNF in the brain have been widely reported to be an important factor in the development of therapeutics to treat HD. (cnbc.com)
  • vitro
  • AGE modifications not only change the physicochemical properties of the afflicted molecules but also induce cellular signaling, activation of transcription factors and subsequent gene expression in vitro and in vivo [ 13 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • This article summarizes the evidence for the cross-seeding phenomenon recently obtained in studies performed in vitro , in animal models, and in human patients, as well as the potential contribution of this mechanism to our understanding of the still elusive etiology and progression of maladies such as Alzheimer's disease, where no effective diagnostic or therapeutic strategies exist. (plos.org)
  • induce
  • During the second step of this process, termed polymerization or exponential phase, these seeds induce a fast and exponential recruitment of the normally folded monomeric protein. (plos.org)
  • income
  • A consequence of these conclusions is the emphasis of economic development practitioners and students on modern determinants of per capita income like quality of institutions to support free markets, economic policies chosen by governments, human capital components such as education and health, or political factors like violence and instability. (docplayer.net)
  • This concept treats all sources of income streams as forms of capital. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Yet the core of economics with respect to this matter concentrates on producer goods, particularly on structures, equipment, and inventories, with little or no attention to the abilities of human beings, even though human resources are much the larger source of income streams. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Another is the mistaken inference that the real capital-income ratio is necessarily declining over time when the observed ratio of material capital to income falls. (encyclopedia.com)
  • An all-inclusive concept of capital also provides a framework for determining how closely the private and public sectors of an economy come to an optimum in investing in each of the sources of income streams. (encyclopedia.com)
  • According to a United Nations Conference on Human Settlement report, one third to one-half of solid waste generated within most cities in low- and middle-income countries, of which Ghana is no exception, are not collected. (kon.org)
  • vast
  • In the wake of these patterns, rebuilding from disasters has been devastating to poor countries, as losses consume vast amounts of limited available capital, significantly reducing resources for new investment. (nap.edu)
  • impact
  • These problems were also related to the impact of the East Asian financial turmoil in the late 1990s, at the same time as China was in the process of joining the World Trade Organization, and thus becoming increasingly integrated into the world competition of financial capital. (monthlyreview.org)
  • development
  • Romer also uses the concept of "learning by doing" developed by Arrow [ 12 ] in order to explain the technological development process. (hindawi.com)
  • Schooling is the key to development of human capital. (hindawi.com)
  • However, this is usually conditional on certain thresholds of development being met, for instance in terms of human capital or institutional quality. (voxeu.org)
  • To achieve this objective we present a detailed literature review on the implications of KM on effective human resource development, and the consequences for an organization's ability to sustain competitive position in the marketplace. (ibimapublishing.com)
  • 2.The development involves the post-industrial revolution, which, spurred especially by the information revolution, has installed knowledge as a primary factor of production. (ibimapublishing.com)
  • social capital
  • Pets benefit human health (zooeyia) in 4 ways: as builders of social capital, as agents of harm reduction, as motivators for healthy behavior change, and as potential participants in treatment plans. (jabfm.org)
  • Asking about pets is a simple and feasible approach to assess patients' environmental history and social capital. (jabfm.org)
  • Gentrification is a housing, economic, and health issue that affects a community's history and culture and reduces social capital . (wikipedia.org)
  • developments
  • The Committee also emphasized that future policy actions would depend on how economic prospects were affected by evolving market developments and by other factors. (clevelandfed.org)
  • This includes, notably, the processes unfolding following the terrifying events of 1962-63 and the 1964, fraudulent launching of the official U.S. war in Indo-China, and with the developments of 1971-81 under the leadership of National Security Advisors Henry A. Kissinger and Zbigniew Brzezinski. (larouchepub.com)
  • The migration comes with two notable developments, both of which carry significant implications for human capital management (HCM) (Charles and Jean-Marie, 1999). (ibimapublishing.com)
  • In view of the above developments, it is now accepted that the productive economic core is being relocated from land, labor, capital and machinery to intellectual resources, which emphasize information, knowledge and technology. (ibimapublishing.com)
  • political
  • This indicator measures country performance on the quality of the electoral process, political pluralism and participation, government corruption and transparency, and fair political treatment of ethnic groups. (mcc.gov)
  • The Political Rights indicator is based on a 10 question checklist grouped into the three subcategories: Electoral Process (3 questions), Political Pluralism and Participation (4 questions), and Functioning of Government (3 questions). (mcc.gov)
  • War-mongering rightwing political hawks and their think-tanks in Western capitals are engaged in "manufacturing the public consent "(using Noam Chomsky's phrase) to provide political legitimacy to war as a means of expanding democracy in the developing world. (com.pk)
  • health
  • He emphasizes that the main reason of wage differentials between workers is the human capital differentials which are gained by means of education and health. (hindawi.com)
  • worker
  • The average American worker today produces as much in half an hour as his British counterpart did in a whole working day a century ago, and that American worker has ten times as much industrial capital behind him as he would have had a century ago (Slichter 1961). (encyclopedia.com)
  • free
  • Occupational diversity in nonmanufacturing life seems to be a product of industrialization wherever human society is free to respond to its own potentials as efficiency in economic life permits labor to go beyond direct production. (encyclopedia.com)
  • knowledge
  • This caused a transformation from the Old Economy to the New Economy, from an emphasis on the main forms of production being capital, land and labor to an emphasis on information knowledge and technology. (ibimapublishing.com)
  • In the early 1990s, the classical factors of production - land, labor and capital - are becoming secondary to knowledge as the primary resource for the New Economy (Charles and Jean-Marie, 1999). (ibimapublishing.com)
  • role
  • Thus, the U.S. ceased, more and more, to act in expression of its own national interests, and acted increasingly, instead, as an expendable tool of a new role assigned to it, within a process of so-called 'globalization' conducted by a utopian alliance among a concert of international financier-oligarchical forces. (larouchepub.com)
  • production
  • The final Process Validation batches of PROCYSBI necessary for approval have been initiated and the Company is ramping up production for potential launch upon drug approval. (cnbc.com)
  • producer
  • Under the changes unleashed beginning the middle of the 1960s, the U.S. was put through a process of transformation from being the world's leading producer nation, toward a transformation into an internally despoiled 'post-industrial utopia,' sucking the blood of the world in a fashion recalling the reign of 'bread and circuses' in a self-doomed ancient imperial Rome. (larouchepub.com)
  • industry
  • The livestock industry is challenged by increasing human population land resettlement and urbanisation. (lrrd.org)
  • quality
  • The first part of the paper provides an overview of economic fundamentals in Asia on the eve of the crisis, with emphasis on current account imbalances, quantity and quality of financial overlending,' banking problems, and composition, maturity and size of capital inflows. (worldcat.org)
  • high
  • The capital intensive sector enjoying high ratios of capital to labor paid relatively high wages, and the labor intensive sector paid relatively low wages. (eh.net)
  • Despite the changes, the reconstruction of the Cuban economy is an incipient process with a high level of indeterminacy. (ascecuba.org)
  • problems
  • Like other parts of the capital city of Ghana, such as Mamobi, James Town, and Chokor, Nima is engulfed in filth of both conspicuous and inconspicuous places because it has serious problems with its waste management from generation, through storage, treatment, to disposal. (kon.org)
  • patients
  • A study by Lancet has expressed concern over the rising cost of insulin, making it virtually unaffordable for a large chunk of patients globally with India, known as the diabetes capital of the world, accounting for 60 million of them. (omicsonline.org)
  • next
  • Next, we delineate strategies for further incorporation of social considerations into FEW nexus research, including the use of social science perspectives and frameworks such as socio-ecological resilience and community capitals. (frontiersin.org)
  • financial
  • Even some parts of Mumbai, the country's financial capital, get a mere two hours of daily water supply. (scribd.com)
  • Based on current financial projections, the Company believes that this cash balance should provide the Company with sufficient capital to fund operations into the third quarter of calendar 2013. (cnbc.com)
  • greater
  • Workers were grouped together in factories using concentrations of capital equipment greater in cost and more efficient in operation than the capital equipment known in Britain earlier. (encyclopedia.com)