• Such a strong weekly upward move is rare in the fall, but is explained by a confluence of factors, including oil prices hitting a new 2017 high, a major pipeline leak resulting in disruption, autumn refinery maintenance, but perhaps among the more surprising - robust demand for gasoline so late in the season. (jsonline.com)
  • Neurotrophic factors ( NTFs ) are a family of biomolecules - nearly all of which are peptides or small proteins - that support the growth, survival, and differentiation of both developing and mature neurons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neurotrophic factors also promote the initial growth and development of neurons in the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system , and they are capable of regrowing damaged neurons in test tubes and animal models. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some neurotrophic factors are also released by the target tissue in order to guide the growth of developing axons . (wikipedia.org)
  • Most neurotrophic factors belong to one of three families: (1) neurotrophins , (2) glial cell-line derived neurotrophic factor family ligands (GFLs), and (3) neuropoietic cytokines. (wikipedia.org)
  • Currently, neurotrophic factors are being intensely studied for use in bioartificial nerve conduits because they are necessary in vivo for directing axon growth and regeneration. (wikipedia.org)
  • In studies, neurotrophic factors are normally used in conjunction with other techniques such as biological and physical cues created by the addition of cells and specific topographies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The neurotrophic factors may or may not be immobilized to the scaffold structure, though immobilization is preferred because it allows for the creation of permanent, controllable gradients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although more information is being discovered about neurotrophic factors, their classification is based on different cellular mechanisms and they are grouped into three main families: the neurotrophins , the CNTF family, and GDNF family . (wikipedia.org)
  • Whereas neurotrophic factors within the neurotrophin family commonly have a protein tyrosine kinase receptor (Trk), Neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) has the unique receptor, TrkC . (wikipedia.org)
  • Specifically, fibroblast growth factors, Wnts, neurotrophic factors and various other intercellular signaling molecules are proposed to regulate presynaptic and/or postsynaptic differentiation. (nih.gov)
  • If each of the four combinations of levels has replicate observations, then a cross-factored analysis can test for an interaction between the two treatment factors in their effect on the response. (soton.ac.uk)
  • The alpha granules in blood platelets contain growth factors PDGF, IGF-1, EGF, and TGF-β which begin healing of wounds by attracting and activating macrophages , fibroblasts , and endothelial cells . (wikipedia.org)
  • Walt Plant, regional manager with Altres Financial, a national factoring firm based in Salt Lake City, says the opposite is true: "Most of the businesses we deal with are very much in an upward cycle, going through extremely rapid growth. (entrepreneur.com)
  • DUBAI, Jan 6 (Reuters) - Here are some factors that may affect Middle East stock markets on Sunday. (reuters.com)
  • DUBAI, Oct 1 (Reuters) - Here are some factors that may affect Middle East stock markets on Sunday. (reuters.com)
  • Many different psychological, social, and behavioral factors have been shown to affect the quality of life of arthritis patients beyond the effects of the disease and the response to medications and treatments. (springer.com)
  • It is important to distinguish personal and private capital in factors of production. (investopedia.com)
  • FAO forest assessments of 1980 to 2000 tried to determine the relative importance of direct deforestation factors at regional and global levels: horizontal expansion of the various forms of agriculture and animal husbandry taken together remains by far the most important direct factor, but the share of shifting cultivation as well as that of ranching and colonization programmes decreased during that period. (fao.org)
  • It is important at the outset to carefully distinguish between the underlying causes of deforestation and forest degradation, about which there might be divergent views, and the actual factors, which could be part of the area of objective observation. (fao.org)
  • The study "is an important step in clarifying the effects of lifestyle factors on headache," according to the authors of an editorial published with the report. (reuters.com)
  • Understanding and being realistic about your risk factors for melanoma is an important step in prevention. (mskcc.org)
  • Parent involvement, student behavior, teacher collaboration, and professional development aren't the most important factors contributing to student achievement, suggests a survey of schools serving low-income students in California. (edweek.org)
  • growth factor Any of various chemicals, particularly polypeptides, that have a variety of important roles in the stimulation of new cell growth and cell maintenance. (encyclopedia.com)
  • For those who feel like throwing their arms up in defeat, "it's important to remember that risk factors are just that - factors, not fate," says Gregory Jicha, M.D., a professor at the University of Kentucky's Sanders-Brown Center on Aging. (aarp.org)
  • We asked experts to pinpoint the most important dementia risk factors - the ones you really need to focus on. (aarp.org)
  • For the current study, Kasowski, Snyder, and their colleagues examined two important transcription factors: RNA polymerase II and NFkappaB. (redorbit.com)
  • The table encompasses 33 factors, and all of these are among the most important things we at Search Engine Land feel should be considered. (searchengineland.com)
  • Again, all these factors are important. (searchengineland.com)
  • The weightings are general guides, and it's also important to understand that the factors can work together. (searchengineland.com)
  • Contingency factors play an important role in structural decisions, and these factors are also the primary aspects of the contingency theory. (reference.com)
  • The analysis determines the nitrogen (mainly on a fat free basis) of meat or fish ingredient, and converts this to a meat or fish content using a previously determined nitrogen factor. (rsc.org)
  • Within these broad categories are specific factors, ranging from content within your HTML title tags to whether your content is socially favored by visitors. (searchengineland.com)
  • The first letter represents the category of elements the factor is part of, such as C for Content. (searchengineland.com)
  • Along with The global burden of disease: 2004 update , WHO also analyzed the mortality and burden of disease attributable to 24 global risk factors using a consistent analytic framework known as Comparative Risk Assessment (CRA). (who.int)
  • Regional estimates of mortality and burden of disease and injury attributable to these 24 global risk factors are available for download. (who.int)
  • Estimates are available for risk factor exposures, mortality, and Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) by age, sex, risk factor and cause. (who.int)
  • Researchers have found several risk factors that might increase a person's chance of developing colorectal polyps or colorectal cancer . (cancer.org)
  • Alternately, if being in a particular social position or group has an effect on one's health, researchers say that something about the social environment associated with that position or group has an effect on health, and they then must investigate further to determine the underlying factors. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Psychosocial Factors in Arthritis is a valuable resource for behavioral medicine researchers, behavioral clinicians, and a range of arthritis professionals, including rheumatologists, nurses, and other allied health service practitioners. (springer.com)
  • The strongest factor, which remained after the researchers adjusted for the racial makeup of the neighborhoods, was social capital, which measures the degree of civic engagement among residents along with other factors. (reuters.com)
  • The researchers found that each of the three factors was linked to an increased risk of headache problems, after controlling for the effects of the other two lifestyle factors, as well as age and gender. (reuters.com)
  • Researchers consider a number of factors in deciding where to publish their research: journal reputation, readership and community, speed of publication, and of course Impact Factor. (springer.com)
  • The researchers first decided which risk factors to assess. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Zwart's team agrees that mental health and other factors, like families' socioeconomic status, may help explain the relationships among smoking, weight, exercise and recurrent headaches. (reuters.com)
  • It is identical with the equanimity in the fourth jhana [ and with the inherent equanimity in the fifth factor of five-factored noble concentration [ which can develop out of any of the four jhanas. (buddhanet.net)
  • They are both on the up-regulation pathway for the gene for inflammation, tumor necrosis factor-α and nuclear factor KB. (news-medical.net)
  • Other, larger differences in the genome, called structural variation, also accounted for a number of the differences in transcription factor binding. (redorbit.com)
  • But the new study shows that SNPs and structural variation can either increase or decrease transcription factor binding, and, hence, the amount of a protein that gets made from a particular gene. (redorbit.com)
  • The Subcommittee has already produced reports on nitrogen factors for pork (1991), beef (1993), mutton and lamb (1995, 1996), chicken (2000), scampi (2000), turkey (2002) and cod fillet and mince blocks for coated fish products (2007). (rsc.org)
  • With price data for 1985, 1990, 1993, and 1996, I am the first to test whether the constructed conversion factors adequately capture differential changes in relative prices between countries. (nber.org)
  • growth factor (grohth) n. a polypeptide that is produced by cells and stimulates them to proliferate. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Now, an ambitious survey of the human genome has identified differences in the binding of master regulators called transcription factors to DNA that affect how genes are expressed in different people. (redorbit.com)
  • What Factors Affect Pulse Rate? (reference.com)
  • There are numerous factors that affect pulse rate including a person's weight, body position, air temperature and medication use, according to American Hea. (reference.com)
  • What Factors Affect the Asking Price of a Victrola Antique Phonograph? (reference.com)
  • The risk of infection following TB exposure is primarily governed by exogenous factors and is determined by an intrinsic combination of the infectiousness of the source case, proximity to contact and social and behavioural risk factors including smoking, alcohol, and indoor air pollution. (hindawi.com)
  • The underlying causes are the triggering mechanisms for these factors. (fao.org)
  • produce a variety of so-called virulence factors that permit them to evade the defense mechanisms of the host and thus cause disease. (britannica.com)
  • Though it would not qualify as sufficient user authentication on its own, a time factor can be used to supplement other identifying mechanisms. (techtarget.com)
  • Similarly endogenous factors lead in progression from infection to active TB disease. (hindawi.com)
  • Similarly, a single negative factor might not mean a site is never to be found. (searchengineland.com)
  • The study, which is published in the March 18, 2010, issue of Science, looked at two common transcription factors. (redorbit.com)
  • Transcription factors account for as much as 10 percent of the coding genome in humans and other organisms. (redorbit.com)
  • When activated, transcription factors switch on or off hundreds or thousands of genes, a cascade that programs cells to grow or divide. (redorbit.com)
  • The activity of transcription factors determines what a cell is doing at any given moment," says Kasowski, who was a medical student at Yale when she received her HHMI medical research fellowship. (redorbit.com)
  • Until now, no one had looked at whether there was any variability in the targets of transcription factors from one person to the next. (redorbit.com)
  • The current study found a "number of differences between individuals" in the binding sites of two transcription factors, Snyder says. (redorbit.com)
  • Transcription factors bind to the human genome within areas of the genome still viewed as a black box""vast stretches of DNA sequence between known genes. (redorbit.com)
  • Some of the regulatory regions, known as binding regions, serve as handholds for transcription factors. (redorbit.com)
  • To do so, they deployed a new technology that uses chemicals to freeze transcription factors as they bind to the genome. (redorbit.com)
  • We empirically test this caricature in the context of sequences of parole decisions made by experienced judges (mean experience = 22.5 y, SD = 2.5) and, in so doing, demonstrate how extraneous factors can sway highly consequential decisions of expert decision makers. (pnas.org)
  • The present work is aimed at investigating the tribological factors influencing the LDH test. (sae.org)
  • Factoring is very common in certain industries, such as the clothing industry, where long receivables are part of the business cycle. (entrepreneur.com)
  • The money factor can be translated into the more common annual percentage rate (APR) by multiplying the money factor by 2,400. (investopedia.com)
  • While the decimal version is more common, a money factor that is a whole number can still be converted to an APR by multiplying it by 2.4. (investopedia.com)
  • The most common risk factor for melanoma is exposure to UV light from the sun or indoor tanning beds or booths. (mskcc.org)
  • An overview of some of the most common fertility concerns or "factors" are listed below. (ohsu.edu)
  • In this paper we study factor models for security returns on financial markets, where some pervasive factors are common across all securities and other pervasive factors prevail only within some groups of securities but not in others. (repec.org)
  • The clustering structure provides a natural way to group the securities and to interpret common factors and group-specific factors. (repec.org)
  • We give conditions under which the common factor space and the group-specific factor spaces can be identified, and propose an effective procedure to estimate the unobservable structure in the factor space. (repec.org)
  • Concretely, the procedure will determine the unknown number of groups, endogenously classify securities into groups, determine the number of common factors across all groups as well as the number of group-specific factors in each group, and estimate the common factors and the group-specific factors. (repec.org)
  • Common Factors and Specific Factors ," MPRA Paper 36085, University Library of Munich, Germany. (repec.org)
  • Common risk factors in the returns on stocks and bonds ," Journal of Financial Economics , Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 3-56, February. (repec.org)
  • While less common and less specific, the location factor is used to supplement other authentication efforts. (techtarget.com)
  • The factor (the funding source) buys the right to collect on that invoice by agreeing to pay you the invoice's face value less a discount--typically 2 to 6 percent. (entrepreneur.com)
  • Factors also provide services banks do not: They typically take over a significant portion of the accounting work for their clients, help with credit checks, and generate financial reports to let you know where you stand. (entrepreneur.com)
  • Adding more than one authentication factor to the login or transaction typically improves security. (techtarget.com)
  • As a factor of production, capital refers to the purchase of goods made with money in production. (investopedia.com)
  • Peritoneal factor infertility refers to abnormalities involving the peritoneum (the membrane that lines the inside of your abdomen) such as scar tissues (adhesions) or endometriosis. (ohsu.edu)
  • An interaction between factors refers to the influence of one factor on a response depending on the level of another factor. (soton.ac.uk)
  • It most commonly refers to a security token or key, but increasingly, mobile phones are being categorized as possession factors as well. (techtarget.com)
  • you may be tested when your healthcare practitioner wants to monitor the severity of a factor deficiency and/or the effectiveness of treatment. (labtestsonline.org)
  • The modern definition of factors of production is primarily derived from a neoclassical view of economics. (investopedia.com)
  • It amalgamates past approaches to economic theory, such as the concept of labor as a factor of production from socialism, into a single definition. (investopedia.com)
  • Land has a broad definition as a factor of production and can take on various forms, from agricultural land to commercial real estate to the resources available from a particular piece of land. (investopedia.com)
  • A treatment main effect can be interpreted independently of its interactions with other factors only if the others are random factors. (soton.ac.uk)
  • A fully replicated design with two cross factors can have eight alternative outcomes in terms of the significance of its main effects and interactions. (soton.ac.uk)
  • A risk factor is anything that affects your chance of getting a disease such as cancer. (cancer.org)
  • But having a risk factor, or even many, does not mean that you will get the disease. (cancer.org)
  • And some people who get the disease may not have any known risk factors. (cancer.org)
  • Risk factors are things that increase your chance of getting a disease or condition. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The risk of progression from exposure to the tuberculosis bacilli to the development of active disease is a two-stage process governed by both exogenous and endogenous risk factors. (hindawi.com)
  • Factors that increase the progression of infection to disease are primarily endogenous (host related). (hindawi.com)
  • Diabetes, alcohol, malnutrition, tobacco smoke, and indoor air pollution are factors which impact a larger section of the population and accelerate progression to TB disease. (hindawi.com)
  • This paper aims to summarize the risk factors which contribute to TB infection and disease at both individual and population level. (hindawi.com)
  • A systematic review objectively collects information from all relevant studies on a topic, and is therefore the best way to find risk factors associated with a disease. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Systematic reviews on risk factors tend to report their findings in terms of ' relative risks ', which express the risk of a disease in people with a risk factor relative to people without this risk factor (e.g. smokers vs. non-smokers). (www.nhs.uk)
  • This kind of structured factors allow a more nuanced analysis of determinants of the security returns, in particular, they allow to study clustering structures in security returns as well as their determinants. (repec.org)
  • Are more data always better for factor analysis? (repec.org)
  • Thus, equanimity as a factor of Awakening on the mundane plane can feed back into the process of meditation, providing a steady basis for more continuous mindfulness and clearer analysis of mental qualities, until all the factors of the list ripen to transcendence. (buddhanet.net)
  • While the conversion factor of 2,400 stays the same, the money factor depends on the lessee's credit history. (investopedia.com)
  • Treatment success depends on many factors, especially the age of the female partner. (ohsu.edu)
  • The theory states that the best course of action depends on the internal and external factors that influence an organization. (reference.com)
  • The brain-derived neurotrophic factor/TrkB system promotes thymocyte survival, as studied in the thymus of mice. (wikipedia.org)