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  • rhytidectomy
  • Super-high superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) suspension and tailor tack plication are powerful facelift tools used in cases of primary facial rhytidectomy. (springer.com)
  • An alteration in the SMAS elevation and suspension is described with strategic submalar plication, providing a powerful technique for primary facial rhytidectomy that offers reliable and significant malar lift, orbicularis suspension, improvement in jowls, and repositioning of the oral commissure. (springer.com)
  • axonal
  • D. N. Angelov, O. Guntinas-Lichius, K. Wewetzer, W. F. Neiss, and M. Streppel, "Axonal branching and recovery of coordinated muscle activity after transection of the facial nerve in adult rats," Advances in Anatomy Embryology and Cell Biology , vol. 180, pp. 1-130, 2005. (hindawi.com)
  • Neck
  • The orbicularis muscle is conservatively suspended laterally from the deep temporal fascia, facial volume is restored with fat grafting, the neck is contoured, if necessary, and the vest-over-pants platysma overlap technique is commonly utilized. (springer.com)
  • Perform this step with the neck in a neutral position because cervical spine injury is always a possibility. (medscape.com)
  • Disease
  • Mechanical stimulation of paralyzed vibrissal muscles following facial nerve injury in adult rat promotes full recovery of whisking," Neurobiology of Disease , vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 229-242, 2007. (hindawi.com)
  • hearing loss
  • The examining physician performs a complete physical with diagnostic testing of the ear, which includes an audiogram and history of the hearing loss, as well as any vertigo or facial weakness. (encyclopedia.com)