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  • floods
  • Extensive water damage after major hurricanes and floods increases the likelihood of mold contamination in buildings. (cdc.gov)
  • Scientists and clinicians recognized that a small number of people exposed to the stress of various natural disasters, such as fires, hurricanes, and floods, could develop psychological sequelae such as major depression, chronic anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (cdc.gov)
  • Hurricanes and floods offer safety challenges relative to cleaning, remediation, recovery, restoration, and rebuilding of residential and commercial property. (3m.com)
  • OSHA
  • The Hazard Exposure and Risk Assessment Matrix for Hurricane Response and Recovery Work provides a general overview of particular topics related to current OSHA standards. (osha.gov)
  • Although all the listed operations occurred regularly during this period, debris reduction, recycling, and disposal were the most prominent tasks and, therefore, were the activities where OSHA most frequently evaluated worker exposures. (osha.gov)
  • OSHA has issued a final rule (March 2016, OSHA Respirable Crystalline Silica in Construction Regulation - 29 CFR 1926.1153) for America's workers, limiting their exposure to respirable crystalline silica, a substance OSHA has stated can increase the risk of developing silicosis, lung cancer and kidney disease. (3m.com)
  • inhalation
  • For this analysis, a storm-related CO exposure was defined as evidence of inhalation of CO (e.g., self-reported activation of a CO detector) that was related to the storm. (cdc.gov)
  • operations
  • Response and recovery operations occurred over a large physical area and encompassed a wide range of specific activities and operations. (osha.gov)
  • Operations conducted during the initial response, such as floodwater removal and search and rescue, are not represented in the data summarized here. (osha.gov)
  • In response to a request from the American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees, an investigation was begun into possible workplace exposures related to waste shredding operations at the South Dade Disposal Site (SIC-4953), Goulds, Florida. (cdc.gov)
  • Findings
  • These findings underscore the need for effective prevention messages during storm preparation, warnings, and response periods regarding the correct use of generators and the installation and maintenance of battery-powered CO detectors. (cdc.gov)
  • Recent findings include the increased growth of allergenic plants in response to higher carbon dioxide levels and warmer temperatures. (springer.com)
  • mold
  • This report provides information on how to limit exposure to mold and how to identify and prevent mold-related health effects. (cdc.gov)
  • In North Carolina, a reported increase in persons presenting with asthma symptoms was postulated to be caused by exposure to mold ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • There is one certainty, however - the severity of illnesses which some of those having significant mold exposure are known to have experienced. (counterpunch.org)
  • levels
  • Twenty percent of the 324 workers evaluated had noise exposure levels above OSHA's permissible exposure limit (PEL) of 90 decibels (dBA). (osha.gov)
  • Hazardous levels of noise exposure were particularly common among response and recovery workers involved in debris collection, debris reduction, site clearing, and transportation restoration activities. (osha.gov)
  • When workers are exposed to hazardous levels of noise, employers must enroll the workers in a hearing conservation program, similar to the one outlined in 29 CFR 1910.95(c) , OSHA's standard on occupational noise exposure. (osha.gov)
  • This evaluation has brought to light the potential for emergency response workers to be exposed to excessive noise levels that could contribute to hearing loss. (cdc.gov)
  • The RECAP screening standards are intended to be protective levels based on long-term (i.e., 30-year) exposures to children and adults in a residential setting. (epa.gov)
  • Expanding upon the study's conclusions of AChEi linkage to GWI, one might theorize that exposures to comparable levels of AChEis, in non-Gulf War settings, could potentially yield symptoms resembling those of GWI. (counterpunch.org)
  • The study, which was conducted from Dec. 21 through Jan. 23 and long after residents moved in, likely under-represents long-term exposures since formaldehyde levels tend to be higher in newer travel trailers and during warmer weather, The (New Orleans) Times-Picayune reported. (pbs.org)
  • acute
  • In a study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , researchers surveyed 4,675 people two to six weeks after the marathon bombings, in order to assess their acute stress responses. (foxnews.com)
  • With each additional hour that people consumed bombing-related media - whether through television, social media, video, print or radio - their acute stress response increased. (foxnews.com)
  • Prolonged media exposure can turn what was an acute experience into a chronic form of stress. (foxnews.com)
  • human
  • Response and recovery workers typically recover human remains by manually transferring them to a body bag and stretcher. (osha.gov)
  • NIEHS research uses state-of-the-art science and technology to investigate the interplay between environmental exposures, human biology, genetics, and common diseases to help prevent disease and improve human health. (nih.gov)
  • recovery
  • this will help ensure that the animal remains stay intact and response and recovery workers will have less contact with body fluids. (osha.gov)
  • Response and recovery workers might need to shift debris, work in water, or enter enclosed areas to access remains. (osha.gov)
  • Response and recovery workers conducting this operation may be employed by Federal, State, local, and private employers. (osha.gov)
  • It is intended as a guide and quick reference for employers and response and recovery workers. (osha.gov)
  • Why GAO Did This Study: Following the World Trade Center (WTC) attack, the Congress appropriated more than $8 billion to the Department of Homeland Security s (DHS) Federal Emergency Management Agency for response and recovery activities. (gao.gov)
  • Both can present logistical challenges affecting initial response and recovery. (3m.com)
  • Hazardous
  • and whether neurobehavioral disorders caused by chronic low-dose exposure to neurotoxicants, which may manifest as psychological distress, are a public health phenomenon near hazardous waste sites. (cdc.gov)
  • Baum and colleagues then looked for this same chronic stress response in a community located near a leaking hazardous waste site and found similar results. (cdc.gov)
  • Emergency
  • Emergency response plans should consider noise exposures in shelters and structures used to house animals and should consider engineering and administrative controls in addition to providing HPDs to workers. (cdc.gov)
  • assess
  • To assess the impact of storm-related CO exposures and to enhance prevention efforts, CDC analyzed data from five disparate surveillance sources on CO exposures reported during September 13--26 in counties of southeast Texas that were declared disaster areas by the federal government. (cdc.gov)
  • natural
  • Among the wide-scale impacts of Hurricane Katrina, the storm caused significant loss of life and disrupted power, natural gas, water, and sewage treatment, road safety, and other essential services to the city. (epa.gov)
  • According to a recent study by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), global warming accounted for about half of the hurricane-fueling warmth in Atlantic waters, while natural cycles were a smaller factor. (ohsonline.com)
  • putative
  • In response, the plaintiffs claimed that the Wolfe putative class action, which was filed within the two-year limitation period, tolled the running of the Virginia statute of limitations on their individual actions because they would have been members of the proposed class had certification been granted. (masstortdefense.com)
  • cause
  • In addition to providing poison center call data, TDSHS also provided CDC with information on storm-related deaths with CO exposure listed as the cause of death. (cdc.gov)
  • While some debate continues over the cause of increased hurricane activity, there is little question that warming waters in the Atlantic are fueling the storms. (ohsonline.com)
  • potential
  • Aremu DA, Madejczyk MS, Ballatori N. N-acetylcysteine as a potential antidote and biomonitoring agent of methylmercury exposure. (autism.com)
  • noise
  • Some of the highest noise exposures (above the PEL of 90 dBA) were associated with operating heavy equipment, chippers, chain saws, and industrial vacuums. (osha.gov)
  • shift
  • Sample results that were obtained over a period of less than 8 hours are extrapolated to provide an 8-hour time-weighted average (TWA) by assuming that the same level of exposure continued for the full 8-hour shift. (osha.gov)
  • employees
  • In a separate effort, HHS s Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response is taking steps to establish a system to register HHS employees and other federal public health and medical personnel who are deployed to a disaster, but it has not completed this effort. (gao.gov)
  • temperatures
  • In 2006, sea surface temperatures of Atlantic waters, where many hurricanes form, were a record 1.7 degrees above the 1901-1970 average. (ohsonline.com)
  • Emberlin J, Detandt M, Gehrig R, Jaeger S, Nolard N, Rantio-Lehtimäki A. Responses in the start of Betula (birch) pollen seasons to recent changes in spring temperatures across Europe. (springer.com)
  • workers
  • If these workers had similar exposures in their daily jobs, they would be enrolled in a hearing loss prevention program by their employers. (cdc.gov)
  • initial
  • To assist in navigating this rapidly evolving field, the aim of this review is to describe miRNAs in the framework of host recognition mechanisms and provide initial insight into the regulatory pathways in response to fungal exposure. (frontiersin.org)