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  • prophylaxis
  • Pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, is a way for people who do not have HIV but who are at substantial risk of getting it to prevent HIV infection by taking a pill every day. (in.gov)
  • chronic
  • Here are the following features: Cerebellar vermis hypoplasia cerebellar hypoplasia microcephaly mental retardation ataxia dysmorphic features: small face, thick ears deep set eyes, right eye epicanthal fold, slightly small jaw narrow palate neurosensorial hearing loss The mother worked in an ink factory involving many chemicals and had acute and chronic exposures. (bio.net)
  • 2018
  • 8 February 2018 Added new guidance on 'Rabies: administration of vaccine and immunoglobulin' to 'Rabies post-exposure treatment guidelines' section. (www.gov.uk)
  • 2016
  • The average lifetime costs derived from childhood IPV exposure are estimated to be over $50,000 per victim (2016 U.S. dollars) due to increased healthcare costs ($11,000), increased crime costs ($14,000), and productivity losses ($26,000). (springer.com)
  • chemicals
  • Chrissy Garavito, a 15-year-old high school sophomore, died in Fontana in 1997 of a heart rhythm disturbance her mother believes was triggered by exposure to chemicals sprayed at the school. (commondreams.org)
  • The International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS), for example, was established in 1980 as a joint program of three cooperating organizations-the International Labor Organization, the United Nations Environmental Programme, and the World Health Organization-to carry out and disseminate evaluations of the risk to human health and the environment from exposure to chemicals. (nih.gov)
  • The IPCS evaluates the risk to human health and the environment from exposure to chemicals, provides an intergovernmental mechanism for chemical risk assessment and management, establishes the scientific basis for the safe use of chemicals, and strengthens national capabilities and capacities for chemical safety. (nih.gov)
  • shutter speed
  • Fast shutter speed (short exposure time) of a breaking wave. (wikipedia.org)
  • In photography , exposure value ( EV ) is a number that represents a combination of a camera 's shutter speed and f-number , such that all combinations that yield the same exposure have the same EV (for any fixed scene luminance ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Its intent was to simplify choosing among equivalent camera exposure settings by replacing combinations of shutter speed and f -number (e.g., 1/125 s at f /16) with a single number (e.g., 15). (wikipedia.org)
  • The f-number (relative aperture ) determines the depth of field , and the shutter speed ( exposure time ) determines the amount of motion blur , as illustrated by the two images at the right (and at long exposure times, as a second-order effect, the light-sensitive medium may exhibit reciprocity failure , which is a change of light sensitivity dependent on the irradiance at the film). (wikipedia.org)
  • phobias
  • Exposure therapy is the most successful known treatment for phobias. (wikipedia.org)
  • Agoraphobia and social anxiety disorder are examples of phobias that have been successfully treated by exposure therapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • From its early uses in treating phobias, exposure methods have expanded greatly, being established now as state of the art and first-line interventions for all anxiety and many other mental disorders such as post-traumatic stress, obsessive-compulsive, somatoform and addictive disorders. (springer.com)
  • ingestion
  • The decrease in shivering activity combined with an increase in EE, following the ingestion of EGCG and caffeine during the cold exposure, indicates that NST pathways can be significantly stimulated in adult human subjects. (cambridge.org)
  • therapist
  • The exposure therapist identifies the cognitions, emotions and physiological arousal that accompany a fear-inducing stimulus and then tries to break the pattern of escape that maintains the fear. (wikipedia.org)
  • neural
  • Studies done with pregnant rodents have found that prenatal MA exposure results in altered neural circuitry, both structurally and functionally. (wikipedia.org)
  • aperture
  • On some lenses with leaf shutters , the process was further simplified by allowing the shutter and aperture controls to be linked such that, when one was changed, the other was automatically adjusted to maintain the same exposure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Each increment of 1 in exposure value corresponds to a change of one "step" (or, more commonly, one "stop") in exposure, i.e., half as much exposure, either by halving the exposure time or halving the aperture area, or a combination of such changes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intimate
  • Because the effects of children's exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) carry long lasting consequences for the affected children, IPV exposure may impose a significant economic burden to localities, states, and society at large, made explicit over the victim's lifetime and over a wide range of behaviors and outcomes, including use of social services, health and healthcare utilization, educational outcomes, workforce productivity, and criminal behavior. (springer.com)
  • Public Exposure is intentionally exposing private or intimate parts of the body in a lewd manner when the action may be readily observed by others. (uky.edu)
  • risk
  • The greater the market exposure, the greater the market risk in that specific investment area. (investopedia.com)
  • For example, a portfolio with both stock and bond holdings that includes market exposure to both types of assets typically has less risk than a portfolio with exposure only to stocks. (investopedia.com)
  • Effects
  • The effects of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and caffeine on non-shivering thermogenesis (NST) during cold exposure is unknown. (cambridge.org)
  • The purpose of the present study was to quantify the effects of co-ingesting EGCG and caffeine on the thermogenic responses of a 3 h cold exposure. (cambridge.org)
  • Though in recent years conducted by Pedro Melo, Vincente Zanon Moreno, Sheila Pons Vazquez, Maria Dolores Pinazo-Duran, Maria Amelia Tavares for the Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Porto, Portugal researched rats who were exposed to MA use and its effects on the optic nerve myelination after prenatal exposure to this psycho-stimulant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Effects of exposure and development on normal contrast, silver-image monochrome film. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • The effects on children of small, repeated exposures over a long period of time are unclear, said University of California, Berkeley epidemiologist Brenda Eskenazi. (commondreams.org)
  • intensity
  • Results showed that the AUC of shivering intensity over the cold exposure period was reduced by approximately 20 % in the Green tea (266 ( sem 6) % maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) × min) compared with the Placebo (332 ( sem 69) %MVC × min) ( P = 0·01) treatments. (cambridge.org)
  • markets
  • The exposure of a portfolio to particular securities/markets/sectors must be considered when determining a portfolio's asset allocation since it can greatly increase returns and/or minimize losses. (investopedia.com)
  • levels
  • worker exposure levels may exceed 3 times the PEL-TWA for no more than a total of 30 minutes during a workday, and under no circumstances should they exceed 5 times the PEL-TWA, provided that the PEL-TWA is not exceeded. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aspergillosis infection is rare and is unlikely at the levels of exposure to compost experienced by most people. (www.nhs.uk)
  • long
  • While much research has been conducted on the effect of IPV exposure on multiple short- and long-term outcomes, no research to date has examined the economic burden associated with IPV exposure. (springer.com)
  • form
  • IPV exposure imposes a substantial economic burden to society at large in the form of increased healthcare costs, increased crime costs, and reduced productivity. (springer.com)
  • This form is only for non-travel related pre-exposure rabies vaccine requests. (www.gov.uk)
  • injury
  • This page has information about what to do, where to go, and how to ensure timely payment for services after exposure to a blood-borne pathogen or a needlestick/sharps injury. (washington.edu)
  • In most cases, Health Sciences students who have already satisfied their initial program requirements by proving their immunity to Hepatitis B do not need to have these labs drawn after a bloodborne pathogen exposure or needlestick/sharps injury. (washington.edu)
  • health
  • Within the investor's 80% market exposure to stocks, there might be a 30% market exposure to the health care sector, 25% exposure to the technology sector , 20% to the financial services sector, 15% to the defense sector and 10% to the energy sector . (investopedia.com)
  • The portfolio's returns are more influenced by health care stocks than by energy stocks because of the greater market exposure to the former. (investopedia.com)
  • Permissible exposure limits are established by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). (wikipedia.org)
  • current
  • Informed by current understanding of learning, memory, cognition, neurobiology, the neurosciences as well as a range of clinical studies, exposure therapy is now firmly grounded on a broad and robust empirical base, opening new avenues for research and practice in behavioral psychotherapy. (springer.com)
  • therapy
  • ERP or EX/RP) is a variant of exposure therapy that is recommended by the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP), the American Psychiatric Association (APA), and the Mayo Clinic as first-line treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) citing that it has the richest empirical support for both youth and adolescent outcomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dissemination of Exposure Therapy in Clinical Practice: How to Handle the Barriers? (springer.com)
  • Exposure Therapy in OCD: Is There a Need for Adding Cognitive Elements? (springer.com)
  • Exposure Therapy: Rethinking the Model -Refining the Method assembles leading experts to create a volume of equal interest and usefulness to students, clinicians and researchers alike. (springer.com)
  • Exposure therapy in OCD: are cognitive elements needed? (springer.com)
  • Graduate students, clinicians and scientists seeking an overview on the latest research will look to Exposure Therapy: Rethinking the Model - Refining the Method as a trustworthy guide to the field as it continues to evolve. (springer.com)
  • known
  • it was generally known as the Exposure Value System (EVS) when the features became available on cameras in the United States ( Desfor 1957 ). (wikipedia.org)
  • amount
  • Market exposure refers to the dollar amount of funds, or percentage of a portfolio , invested in a particular type of security, market sector or industry, which is usually expressed as a percentage of total portfolio holdings. (investopedia.com)
  • time
  • A PEL is usually given as a time-weighted average ( TWA ), although some are short-term exposure limits (STEL) or ceiling limits. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the noise exposure increases by 5 dB, the exposure time is cut in half. (wikipedia.org)
  • For every 3dB over 85, the exposure time is cut in half. (wikipedia.org)
  • If billing information or receipts are not available within this time frame then HSIP must still be notified of the incident and your intent to request reimbursement within 60 days of the BBP exposure. (washington.edu)
  • Controls
  • The 1964 ASA standard for automatic exposure controls for cameras, ASA PH2.15-1964 , took the same approach, and also used the more descriptive term camera exposure settings . (wikipedia.org)
  • Once a miner's noise exposure exceeds the PEL, feasible engineering AND administrative controls must be in place to try to limit the noise exposure of the employees. (wikipedia.org)
  • work
  • however, various automatic exposure modes now work to somewhat the same effect in cameras with focal-plane shutters . (wikipedia.org)
  • camera
  • Although all camera settings with the same EV nominally give the same exposure, they do not necessarily give the same picture. (wikipedia.org)