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  • food intake and body weight
  • Consistent with Coleman's and Leibel's hypothesis, several subsequent studies from Leibel's and Friedman's labs and other groups confirmed that the ob gene encoded a novel hormone that circulated in blood and that could suppress food intake and body weight in ob and wild type mice, but not in db mice. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result of these symptoms, the researchers identified a functional role for the receptors in serotonergic regulation of food intake and body weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • influence
  • In order to evaluate the influence of physical exercise and protein intake on Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) and Postprandial Energy Expenditure (PEE), 16 healthy, normal-weight, 15 year-old, adolescent males at the same stage of pubertal development were studied. (eurekamag.com)
  • In addition to these behavioural factors, multistructural variables such as the physical environment and socioeconomic status have been shown to have a significant influence on food intake and energy expenditure [ 10 , 18 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Brazil
  • In a sub-sample of the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort, followed up in 2006-7, information on intake was obtained through a food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and three 24-hour-recalls (24hR), while energy expenditure was assessed using an accelerometer. (ufrgs.br)
  • libitum
  • Two hours after exercise, participants were offered an ad libitum test meal where energy and macronutrient intake were recorded. (edu.au)
  • suggests
  • Findings are inconclusive because alcohol itself contains 7 calories per gram, but research suggests that alcohol energy is not efficiently used. (wikipedia.org)
  • differences
  • In spite of the great differences between energy intake obtained using the two methods, lower differences were observed when these methods were compared to expenditure. (ufrgs.br)
  • The large differences among endothermic (warm-blooded) mammalian and ectothermic (cold-blooded) teleost leptins raised the question of whether the energy homeostatic functions of the teleost leptins are conserved. (wikipedia.org)
  • carbohydrates
  • We also found that transitioning from an insufficient to adequate/recovery sleep schedule decreased energy intake, especially of fats and carbohydrates, and led to −0.03 ± 0.50 kg weight loss. (pnas.org)
  • exercise
  • The effect that eating has on weight gain can vary greatly depending on the following factors: energy (calorie) density of foods, exercise regimen, amount of water intake, amount of salt contained in the food, time of day eaten, age of individual, individual's country of origin, individual's overall stress level, and amount of water retention in ankles/feet. (wikipedia.org)
  • During exercise, the body needs to convert glucose to ATP to be used as energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • calories
  • Although calories in liquids containing ethanol may fail to trigger the physiologic mechanism that produces the feeling of fullness in the short term, long-term, frequent drinkers may compensate for energy derived from ethanol by eating less. (wikipedia.org)