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  • Fitness
  • Individuals with insulin resistance and low cardiorespiratory fitness are frequently found to have an increased waist circumference and high exercise blood pressure. (ahajournals.org)
  • We tested the hypothesis that the relationships among insulin resistance, low cardiorespiratory fitness, and increased exercise blood pressure may be mediated by an elevated waist circumference. (ahajournals.org)
  • Participants were classified into tertiles according to either insulin response, measured during the oral glucose tolerance test, or fitness levels and then further subdivided into 2 subgroups using sex-specific waist circumference thresholds. (ahajournals.org)
  • Individuals with a higher waist circumference have elevated exercise systolic blood pressure, regardless of their insulin sensitivity or level of cardiorespiratory fitness. (ahajournals.org)
  • among
  • BACKGROUND: The prevalence of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction among British children by ethnicity has not been studied. (bmj.com)
  • preoperative
  • This technology can therefore be used to inform collaborative decision-making and patient consent, to triage the patient to an appropriate perioperative care environment, to diagnose unexpected comorbidity, to optimize medical comorbidities preoperatively, and to direct individualized preoperative exercise programs. (ovid.com)
  • Early data suggest that preoperative exercise training improves fitness, reduces the debilitating effects of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and may improve clinical outcomes. (ovid.com)
  • anaerobic
  • Sprint interval testing such as is similar to the construction of the Wingate test has been shown to increase both aerobic and anaerobic performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is however no such standard protocol for the determination of either anaerobic capacity or power Due to this problem, the Wingate test has instead been compared with sport performance, sport specialty, and laboratory findings. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Wingate test is believed to show two things: all-out peak anaerobic power and anaerobic capacity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Short sprinting events rely heavily upon the anaerobic energy pathways during execution, which leads to speculation that greater performance in a Wingate test can predict success in these events. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main purpose of this alteration is to more fully stress both the alactic and lactic anaerobic energy systems, which are the main source of energy for the first two minutes of exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • Citation
  • The prototype test based on the Cumming's test was introduced in 1974, at the Wingate Institute[citation needed] and has undergone modifications as time has progressed. (wikipedia.org)
  • shortness of bre
  • To avoid false positive answers and early test termination, refrain from asking leading questions or describing specific symptoms (e.g., chest or leg pain, dizziness, shortness of breath). (humankinetics.com)
  • Exercise testing is useful to help evaluate the cause of shortness of breath that otherwise cannot be determined at rest. (bmihealthcare.co.uk)
  • The shortness of breath is usually worse with exercise, while lying down, and may wake the person at night. (wikipedia.org)
  • sedentary
  • Total Duration = 21 minutes The Modified Bruce protocol starts at a lower workload than the standard test and is typically used for elderly or sedentary patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • bicycle
  • For the study, 2014 men between 40 and 59 years old took a bicycle exercise test and were followed for an average of 26 years. (redorbit.com)
  • The Wingate test can be completed on several types of bicycle ergometers, which can be controlled with either mechanical or electromagnetic brakes. (wikipedia.org)
  • People who cannot use their legs may exercise with a bicycle-like crank that they turn with their arms. (wikipedia.org)
  • patient's
  • 11. The system of claim 1 , in which the at least one displayed prognostic indicator includes an indication of a rate of decrease of the patient's heart rate during a post-exercise recovery portion of the episode. (google.com)
  • workload
  • The last common alteration is the workload during the test. (wikipedia.org)
  • The workload can be altered, but a standard Wingate test still uses the original workload. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the start of the test, the workload drops instantly (within three seconds if using a mechanical ergometer) and the subject continues to pedal quickly for 30 seconds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Initial experiments involved a single-stage test, in which subjects walked for 10 minutes on the treadmill at a fixed workload. (wikipedia.org)
  • strenuous
  • Master's Two-Step test was sometimes used, but it was too strenuous for many patients, and inadequate for the assessment of respiratory and circulatory function during varying amounts of exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • In individuals with this mutation, attacks often begin in adolescence and most commonly occur on awakening or after sleep or rest following strenuous exercise (attacks during exercise are rare), high carbohydrate meals, meals with high sodium content, sudden changes in temperature, and even excitement, noise, flashing lights and cold temperatures. (wikipedia.org)
  • prescription
  • This critical handbook delivers scientifically based standards on exercise testing and prescription to the certification candidate, the professional, and the student. (issuu.com)
  • This manual gives succinct summaries of recommended procedures for exercise testing and exercise prescription in healthy and diseased patients The tenth edition reflects some crucial and exciting changes, making the content necessary for effective study and practice. (issuu.com)
  • clinical
  • Multiple prospective clinical trials indicate that patients from broad groups of at risk populations who test MTWA negative will likely live ventricular event-free for 12 to 24 months after their initial MTWA test. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Negative Predictive Value of MTWA testing has been shown to be 98% accurate for follow-up periods of 12-24 months in various clinical studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • Given the emerging epidemic of physical inactivity, inclusion of the exercise test in the screening process sends a strong message to our patients, that we consider their exercise status as important," Froelicher writes. (redorbit.com)
  • This manual is an essential resource for all exercise professionals, as well as other health professionals who may council patients on exercise including physicians, nurses, physician s assistants, physical and occupational therapists, dieticians, and health care administrators. (issuu.com)
  • Stress and potential cardiac damage from exercise during the test is a problem in patients with ECG abnormalities at rest or in patients with severe motor disability. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most modern references to TWA refer to microvolt T wave alternans (MTWA), a non-invasive heart test that can identify patients who are at increased risk of sudden cardiac death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Microvolt T wave alternans testing acts as a risk stratifier between patients who need implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs) and those who do not. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients who test negative for MTWA are less likely to require an ICD than those who test positive. (wikipedia.org)
  • In patients who have a negative (normal) MTWA test the risk of sudden cardiac death is very low. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients who test MTWA positive or indeterminate for heart rate or dense ectopy (abnormal) should be referred to an electrophysiologist for further evaluation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients who have an indeterminate test should be retested immediately. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies indicate that over 50% of patients who initially test as indeterminate, become determinate if retested during the same session. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bruce's first reports on treadmill exercise tests, published in 1949, analyzed minute-by-minute changes in respiratory and circulatory function of normal adults and patients with heart or lung ailments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Signals from the treadmill monitors were sent by dataphone from 15 different test sites to the University Hospital research lab for analysis, and follow-up questionnaires from thousands of patients were accumulated for years. (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • Before the subject starts the Wingate test, they typically perform a low-resistance warm-up for at least five minutes to help minimize the risk of injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Typically, a radiotracer (Tc-99 sestamibi, Myoview or thallous chloride 201) may be injected during the test. (wikipedia.org)
  • routine
  • Dr. Victor F. Froelicher from the Palo Alto VA Medical Center in California contends that "there is now sufficient evidence for recommending a routine exercise test every 5 years" for symptomless men older than 40 and women older than 50 years of age. (redorbit.com)
  • laboratory
  • This unusual search-and-rescue exercise, conducted last month, was the product of collaboration between the Coast Guard, Sandia National Laboratory, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, which lent the Puma drone for the operation, ConocoPhillips, Boeing subsidiary Insitu, and Era Helicopters. (adn.com)
  • surgery
  • In 1950 Bruce joined the University of Washington, where he continued research on the single-stage test, particularly as a predictor of the success of surgery for valvular or congenital heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • ventricular
  • In the initial paper, Bruce reported that the test could detect signs of such conditions as angina pectoris, a previous heart attack, or a ventricular aneurysm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Response
  • U.S. Army soldiers with Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa's 1st Combined Arms Battalion, 63rd Armor Regiment, 2nd Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Infantry Division inspect their equipment during a response force training exercise Nov. 8, 2013, on Camp Lemonnier, Djibouti. (dvidshub.net)
  • The exercise tested the abilities of the East Africa Response Force, which acts as the U.S. quick reaction force for crises and contingencies in the region. (dvidshub.net)
  • CAMP LEMONNIER, Djibouti - U.S. soldiers assigned to Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa tested their rapid response capability during an exercise here recently. (dvidshub.net)
  • The East Africa Response Force conducted an embassy response exercise to hone their skills of quickly reacting to a threat facing a U.S. Embassy in the region. (dvidshub.net)
  • This work, Exercise tests response force , by TSgt Chad Warren , identified by DVIDS , must comply with the restrictions shown on https://www.dvidshub.net/about/copyright . (dvidshub.net)
  • The CPET machine provides a medical test which will accurately measure the function of your heart and lungs in response to exercise. (bmihealthcare.co.uk)
  • The stress response is induced by exercise or by drug stimulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • This test measures the amplitude of a nerve response (called the Compound Muscle Action Potential or CMAP) for 40 to 50 minutes following a few minutes of exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • pedal
  • They cite a federal appeals court's finding last year that the test often fails to detect one of the most common cardiovascular disorders.The test requires applicants to pedal a cycle or walk on a treadmill whose speed or slope is increased. (deseretnews.com)
  • The test involves using a bike or aerobic pedal exerciser to a set protocol whilst wearing a mouthpiece or a mask. (bmihealthcare.co.uk)
  • The subject gets a five-second countdown to the beginning of the test, during which time they pedal as fast as they can. (wikipedia.org)
  • On test completion, the subject should pedal against low resistance in a cool-down phase. (wikipedia.org)
  • physician
  • New pre-exercise health screening recommendations are critical to helping more of the population begin a safe, healthy physical activity program without consulting a physician. (issuu.com)
  • The physician can also perform an ischemic forearm exercise test as described above. (wikipedia.org)
  • Testing personnel can include a cardiac radiologist, a nuclear medicine physician, a nuclear medicine technologist, a cardiology technologist, a cardiologist, and/or a nurse. (wikipedia.org)
  • useful
  • Pictures of children performing various aspects of the exercise test are also useful in helping younger children to understand what is expected and to feel more at ease. (humankinetics.com)
  • assess
  • The Social Security Administration already uses the test in many cases to assess an individual's heart condition. (deseretnews.com)
  • The test administrator must continuously monitor the child by asking frequent questions to assess his or her status as the test progresses. (humankinetics.com)
  • involve
  • The nonischemic version of this test would involve not cutting off the blood flow to the exercising arm. (wikipedia.org)
  • intensity
  • Younger, unfit adolescent clients may require strong verbal encouragement to achieve satisfactory intensity levels during exercise evaluation. (humankinetics.com)
  • stress
  • Exercise stress tests are usually reserved for assessing cases of suspected heart disease. (redorbit.com)
  • Those who pass the stress test may be declared ineligible for the benefits. (deseretnews.com)
  • A stress test may also use an echocardiogram (ultrasonic imaging of the heart) or a nuclear stress test (in which a radioisotope is injected into the bloodstream). (wikipedia.org)
  • The patient is subjected to stress in the form of exercise or chemically (usually dobutamine). (wikipedia.org)
  • The best known example of a nuclear stress test is myocardial perfusion imaging. (wikipedia.org)
  • Showing the relative amounts of radioisotope within the heart muscle, the nuclear stress tests more accurately identify regional areas of reduced blood flow. (wikipedia.org)
  • standard
  • The Intelligent Lead Switch algorithm takes advantage of the redundancy of a multilead system (eg, standard leads), which is nowadays used during exercise testing. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The first two stages of the Modified Bruce Test are performed at a 1.7 mph and 0% grade and 1.7 mph and 5% grade, and the third stage corresponds to the first stage of the Standard Bruce Test protocol as listed above. (wikipedia.org)
  • Besides the patient history or a report of serum potassium low normal or low during an attack, the long exercise test is the current standard for medical testing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Standard EMG testing cannot diagnose a patient unless they are in a full blown attack at the time of testing. (wikipedia.org)
  • accurately
  • A more accurate formula, offered in a study published in the journal, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, is 206.9 - (0.67 x age) which can also be used to more accurately determine VO2 Max, but may produce significantly different results. (wikipedia.org)
  • crank
  • The test, which can also be performed on an arm crank ergometer, consists of a set time pedalling at maximum speed against a given resistance. (wikipedia.org)
  • curves
  • It is still difficult to discriminate the ECG curves from artifacts, especially in exercise ECGs and particularly in the high exercise phase. (biomedsearch.com)
  • With an average follow up of 2.21 years the receiver operating characteristic curves gave resting ECG a score of 0.72 and exercise ECG a score of 0.74. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • Exercise increases the concentration of muscle metabolites in the venous blood supply (e.g. lactate, pyruvate, and ammonia) especially during recovery. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • As it is only one of the many potential causes of chest pain, the patient usually has a number of tests in the emergency department, such as a chest X-ray, blood tests (including myocardial markers such as troponin I or T, and H-FABP and/or a D-dimer if a pulmonary embolism is suspected), and telemetry (monitoring of the heart rhythm). (wikipedia.org)
  • heart
  • However, the new study shows that men who seem healthy but who terminate an exercise test only because they have trouble breathing actually have a high long-term risk of dying early from heart disease or lung disease. (redorbit.com)
  • Thus, impaired breathing as the main reason for having to stop an exercise test was an ominous finding when not part of an 'exhaustion syndrome'," Dr. Johan Bodegard and colleagues from the University of Oslo write in the European Heart Journal. (redorbit.com)
  • Examples of prognostic indicators include, among other things, ectopic beats, runs of ectopic beats, rate of decrease of heart rate during a post-exercise recovery portion of the episode, a maximum attained heart rate for comparison to a maximum age-predicted heart rate, as well as other prognostic indicators. (google.com)
  • Exercise Standards for Testing and Training A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two methods are currently FDA-cleared to perform MTWA testing in the U.S., namely, the Spectral Method, which was developed by Cohen and Smith at M.I.T. and was commercialized by Cambridge Heart, and the Modified Moving Average (MMA) method, which was developed by Nearing and Verrier at Harvard Medical School, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and is commercialized by GE Healthcare. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Spectral Method requires a specialized exercise protocol and proprietary electrodes and washout of beta-adrenergic blocking agents to allow the patient to achieve a target heart rate of 105-110 beats/min. (wikipedia.org)
  • In people with chronic stable mild heart failure, treatment commonly consists of lifestyle modifications such as stopping smoking, physical exercise, and dietary changes, as well as medications. (wikipedia.org)
  • A Bruce exercise test involved walking on a treadmill while the heart was monitored by an electrocardiograph with various electrodes attached to the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • powers
  • Convention does, however, allow The Governor General to exercise some powers without ministerial advice in exceptional circumstances. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the idea of EPCOT was instrumental in prompting the state of Florida to create the Reedy Creek Improvement District (RCID) and the cities of Bay Lake and Reedy Creek (now Lake Buena Vista), a legislative mechanism allowing Disney to exercise governmental powers over Walt Disney World. (wikipedia.org)
  • organization
  • His original vision was for a model community which would have been home to twenty thousand residents and a test bed for city planning as well as organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • That service also included some logistics support work for the ships of Joint Task Force 1, the task organization engaged in the atomic bomb tests conducted at Bikini Atoll during the summer of 1946. (wikipedia.org)
  • Base
  • Why not name it something like a Base test (more useful than an Acid test and just as chemically interesting as acid). (microsoft.com)
  • Vandenberg AFB is a Department of Defense space and missile testing base, with a mission of placing satellites into polar orbit from the West Coast using expendable boosters (Pegasus, Taurus, Minotaur, Atlas V, and Delta IV) and reusable boosters (SpaceX's Falcon 9). (wikipedia.org)
  • develop
  • During the IE8 project we submitted 7201 test cases to the W3C's CSS 2.1 Working Group in an effort to help the industry develop a comprehensive test of the CSS 2.1 specification. (microsoft.com)
  • I want to thank the members in the W3C working groups that helped us develop these tests, the community members for providing valuable feedback on the tests, as well as the engineers on the IE team that made these possible. (microsoft.com)
  • take
  • The nerve conduction study and emg are tests that I believe you should not take something to calm you for. (healthboards.com)
  • Prospective percussion members, if you are still interested in auditioning, please take note of the NEW exercise packet. (drumcorpsplanet.com)
  • Regardless of whether you need to take a medication with the discomfort, test wrapping your head with an Ace bandage to make sure that it handles your eyes, then lie down and breathe deeply. (blogolize.com)
  • oral
  • Context: The effects of physical activity (PA) on improvement of glycemia may differ between prediabetic individuals defined by oral glucose tolerance test vs glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). (bibsys.no)
  • include
  • 30th Launch Group The 30th Launch Group is responsible for booster and satellite technical oversight and launch processing activities to include launch, integration and test operations. (wikipedia.org)