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  • biological
  • Despite the great importance of lepidopteran wing patterns in various biological disciplines, homologies between wing pattern elements in different moth and butterfly lineages are still not understood. (nih.gov)
  • species
  • To elucidate the evolutionary origin of the viscero-somatic duality, Nomaksteinsky and co-workers have investigated several species of mollusks, which, together with annelids and other invertebrates, belong to the superphylum of Lophotrochozoa. (biomedcentral.com)
  • phylogenetic
  • Using the wealth of currently available genome and transcriptome sequences, including data from our on-going sequencing projects, we systematically analyzed the phylogenetic distribution and evolutionary history of RABL2 orthologs. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Some of these families are restricted to a single phylogenetic group of organisms and may have arisen recently in evolutionary time while others are found ubiquitously and may be ancient. (antievolution.org)
  • forelimb
  • We conclude that neural network innovations in the spatiotemporal patterning of vocal and pectoral mechanisms of social communication, including forelimb gestural signaling, have their evolutionary origins in the caudal hindbrain of fishes. (nap.edu)
  • Forelimb]]s in [[mammal]]s provide one example of homology. (wikidoc.org)
  • indicate
  • These results indicate that the quality of homology detection for all of the evaluated methods (except for PSI-BLAST) is comparable. (nih.gov)
  • indicates
  • A review of the literature on homology indicates that the theory does not provide evidence for evolutionary naturalism, and that the common examples of homology can be better explained by Creation. (answersingenesis.org)
  • The color difference in pattern elements between Micropterix and Sabatinca indicates that homologies exist among the contrast boundaries that divide wing pattern elements, and that color itself is not a reliable indicator of homology. (nih.gov)
  • demonstrate
  • Herein, we used a combination of structural modelling, biochemical approaches and RNAi coupled to homology transfer and interactome analysis to demonstrate that XIAP interfaces with the IMD signalling pathway by interacting with the E2 conjugating enzyme Bendless. (nature.com)
  • crucial
  • An overwhelming majority of animals nowadays develop three germ layers, and we have taken a big step towards the understanding of one of the most crucial events underlying this evolutionary success story' concludes Steinmetz. (univie.ac.at)
  • view
  • The proponents of the individuality view of homology criticize the natural kind view of homology by pointing out that homologs are subject to evolutionary transformation, and natural kinds do not change in the evolutionary process. (deepdyve.com)
  • Conversely, some proponents of the natural kind view of homology argue that a homolog can be construed both as a part of an individual and a member of a natural kind. (deepdyve.com)
  • This view highlights both the individual-like and kind-like aspects of homologs while stripping down both essentialist and anti-essentialist interpretations of homology. (deepdyve.com)
  • In this article, we articulate the PRM view of homology and explain why it is recommended over the other two views. (deepdyve.com)