• It will be of relevance and use to students and professional researchers (both empiricists and theoreticians) in the fields of molecular phylogenetics, evolutionary biology, population genetics, mathematics, statistics and computer science. (oup.com)
  • Molecular Evolution And Population Genetics. (saraiva.com.br)
  • Research in modern experimental and theoretical population genetics has been strengthened by advances in molecular techniques for the analysis of genetic variability. (saraiva.com.br)
  • From DNA to Diversity - Molecular Genetics. (saraiva.com.br)
  • Yang describes the models, methods and algorithms that are most useful for analysing the ever-increasing supply of molecular sequence data, with a view to furthering our understanding of the evolution of genes and genomes. (oup.com)
  • Evolution of genes, gene families, and genomes and relation to their structure, function and history. (duke.edu)
  • In the current era of complete genome sequencing, Bioinformatics and Molecular Evolution provides an up-to-date and comprehensive introduction to bioinformatics in the context of evolutionary biology. (saraiva.com.br)
  • It will be a major source for insight and enormously helpful for anyone who wants to understand molecular phylogenies. (oup.com)
  • Evolutionary biology has increasingly relied upon tools developed in molecular biology that allow for the structure and function of macromolecules to be used as data for exploring the patterns and processes of evolutionary change. (saraiva.com.br)
  • While most core facilities are built around sophisticated equipment, this one is centered on the design and execution of experiments that involve molecular evolution techniques, such as phage display, SELEX, and yeast hybrid selection methods, which provide access to peptides, proteins, and polynucleotides with an immense range of properties. (gatech.edu)
  • Using genomic information from mosquito, red flour beetle, honeybee, mouse, and sea anemone, we have studied the molecular evolution of 91 Drosophila genes involved in eye primordium determination, retinal differentiation, and phototransduction. (scialert.net)
  • Advances in Enzymology and Related Areas of Molecular Biology covers the advances in enzymology, explaining the behavior of enzymes and how they can be utilized to develop novel drugs, synthesize known and novel compounds, and understand evolutionary. (saraiva.com.br)
  • The field of molecular evolution has experienced explosive growth in recent years due to the rapid accumulation of genetic sequence data, continuous improvements to computer hardware and software, and the development of sophisticated analytical methods. (oup.com)
  • Researchers have been studying nature's process of change for more than a century in a desire to understand it and, in the lab, control or direct evolution at the molecular level at an unprecedented rate. (gatech.edu)
  • Molecular evolution (the process of evolution at the DNA, RNA, and protein level) emerged as a field in the 1960s, so it's inevitable that the field itself has also evolved. (gatech.edu)
  • Genetic data suggest that gene duplication played an important role in the evolution of visual performance in the fast flying higher Diptera by spatial or intracellular subfunctionalization. (scialert.net)
  • An international roster of scientists will discuss topics such as Darwinism in an age of molecular revolution, how the molecular revolution began, biomedical research and genes, sequences and other molecular clues to the history of life. (latimes.com)
  • One hypothesis suggests that most molecular evolution is driven by random changes in genes, or "neutral drift. (pbs.org)
  • It describes the dynamics of evolutionary change at the molecular level, the driving forces behind the evolutionary process, novel evolutionary phenomena revealed by molecular data, the effects of various molecular mechanisms on the structure of genes and genomes, and the methodology involved in the statistical analysis of molecular data from an evolutionary perspective. (worldcat.org)
  • This text describes the dynamics of evolutionary change at the molecular level, the driving forces behind the evolutionary process, and the effects of the various molecular mechanisms on the structure of genes and genomes. (worldcat.org)
  • Bringing together molecular cell biologists, immunologists and evolutionary biologists who appeared ready to candidly discuss their favorite cellular processes and structures and debate the origins of cellular compartments and cellular immunity in the context of new ideas about genes and their capacity for evolution was a risky experiment for us as organizers of this conference," said Mayor. (asbmb.org)
  • Recently, new genes and their proteins that revealed striking new insights into the early evolution of multicellular animals have been identified and characterized from members of the lowest metazoan phylum, the porifera (sponges). (springer.com)
  • Molecular phylogenetic estimates among 34 squamate reptile species plus 6 tetrapod outgroup species were examined based on 2 nucleotide datasets: a nuclear dataset with 2 nuclear genes (3,411 bp) and a mitochondrial dataset including all 13 protein-coding mitochondrial genes (11,727 bp). (pnas.org)
  • Major topics in molecular evolution concern the rates and impacts of single nucleotide changes, neutral evolution vs. natural selection, origins of new genes, the genetic nature of complex traits, the genetic basis of speciation, evolution of development, and ways that evolutionary forces influence genomic and phenotypic changes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidence suggests that stable long-term acquisitive evolution results from minor increases in mutation rates of genes related to a particular stress, with minimal disturbance to the balanced and resilient metabolism critical for responding to an unpredictable environment. (wiley.com)
  • Scientists believe that the study of genes that encode the proteins for molecular motors will help solve the mysteries of evolution. (icr.org)
  • Specifically, the ideas of convergent evolution and lineage-specific expansions are nothing more than fancy terms for the fact that these different types of myosin genes appeared suddenly in unrelated creatures at the same time. (icr.org)
  • By comparing the relative rate of molecular evolution between humans and chimps with that of their lice, a new study published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B is attempting to discover whether evolution marches on a same rate of speed in all creatures or whether subtle changes in genes occur rapidly in some species than in others. (medindia.net)
  • Previous studies had looked at the rate of molecular changes between parasites and their hosts, but most focused on single genes in the mitochondria, tiny energy-generating structures outside the nucleus of the cell that are easier to study. (medindia.net)
  • He is especially interested in problems related to understanding the evolution of genes, genomes, and species. (uconn.edu)
  • We concluded that heterogeneous alterations in the p53 gene and occasionally in the N-RAS genes accompany the evolution of chronic phase CML to blast crisis. (jci.org)
  • We have investigated the molecular evolution of one such group of seven Avh genes. (usda.gov)
  • We have also been able to obtain the sequence of homologous Avh genes in the sister taxa P. hibernalis , P. lateralis , and P. foliorum allowing for examination of the evolution of these genes across species. (usda.gov)
  • This study focuses on the evolution of mammalian TET genes. (mdpi.com)
  • Genetic change, and hence the evolution of new species, is commonly thought to result from small, random mutations in individual genes, but a growing wealth of data emphasizes that that perception is wrong. (ucla.edu)
  • Like many others--Nobel laureate Barbara McClintock was a notable exception--Thomas thought that genetic change, and hence the evolution of new species, results from small, random mutations in individual genes. (ucla.edu)
  • This study traces the evolution of LOX genes which have been differentially retained and expanded in rosid plants. (frontiersin.org)
  • Polyploidy has been and continues to have an extensive effect on the number or type of genes in plant evolution ( Adams and Wendel, 2005 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Given this limitation, there are very few opportunities to examine the co-evolution of genes in the genome of living organisms and morphological features preserved in the fossil record. (innovations-report.com)
  • We predicted that enamel-specific genes such as enamelin would show evidence in living organisms of molecular decay because these genes are vestigial and no longer necessary for survival. (innovations-report.com)
  • The molecular counterpart to vestigial organs is pseudogenes that are descended from formerly functional genes," Springer explained. (innovations-report.com)
  • Yang describes the models, methods and algorithms that are most useful for analysing the ever-increasing supply of molecular sequence data, with a view to furthering our understanding of the evolution of genes and genomes. (oup.com)
  • Molecular evolution emerged as a scientific field in the 1960s as researchers from molecular biology , evolutionary biology and population genetics sought to understand recent discoveries on the structure and function of nucleic acids and protein. (bionity.com)
  • The field of molecular evolution uses principles of evolutionary biology and population genetics to explain patterns in these changes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The neutral theory is based on simple assumptions, enabling us to develop mathematical theories based on population genetics to treat molecular evolution and variation in quantitative terms. (go.jp)
  • The journal encourages articles that are multidisciplinary, especially in areas, such as bioinformatics, computational biology, molecular biology, and organismic biology, that are of interest to the community of systematic and evolutionary biologists. (elsevier.com)
  • With the availability of genomic data from multiple related species, molecular evolution has become one of the most active and fastest growing fields of study in genomics and bioinformatics. (springer.com)
  • In the current era of complete genome sequencing, Bioinformatics and Molecular Evolution provides an up-to-date and comprehensive introduction to bioinformatics in the context of evolutionary biology. (wiley.com)
  • This important textbook will equip readers with a thorough understanding of the quantitative methods used in the analysis of molecular evolution, and will be essential reading for advanced undergraduates, graduates, and researchers in molecular biology, genetics, genomics, computational biology, and bioinformatics courses. (wiley.com)
  • Much of bioinformatics is based on, yet too often ignores, the underlying principles of molecular evolution. (wiley.com)
  • This book nicely integrates molecular evolution and bioinformatics, two disciplines that go hand in hand, as rightfully claimed by the authors. (wiley.com)
  • Many bioinformatics applications are based on principles of molecular evolution, and to study molecular evolution is unthinkable nowadays without having access to the necessary tools and implementations. (wiley.com)
  • Microscopy, image processing, bioinformatics, in situ hybridization, molecular (epi)genetics and systems biology lets us explore and exploit fundamental processes. (le.ac.uk)
  • Thanks in advance, Tonu Margus ======================================== Tonu Margus Department of Bioinformatics Institute of Cell and Molecular Biology University of Tartu Riia str. (bio.net)
  • A molecular evolutionary framework is central to many Bioinformatics approaches used in these analyses, e.g., de novo gene finding from genomic sequences. (embo.org)
  • Genome Evolution. (wiley.com)
  • The topics covered include the appearance of the first genetic material, the origins of cellular life, evolution and development, selection and adaptation, and genome evolution. (cshlpress.com)
  • His is an associate editor of the Journal of Molecular Evolution and has published more than fifty original papers in peer-reviewed journals on the topic of this book. (springer.com)
  • Journal of Molecular Evolution, 40: 190-226. (els.net)
  • When we see convergent evolution provide the same solution to a complex problem, we have a better understanding of its importance. (asbmb.org)
  • Combined with strong previous evidence for adaptive evolution in snake mitochondrial proteins, it is likely that much of this convergent evolution was driven by adaptation. (pnas.org)
  • Although nonneutral convergent evolution of morphological characters has been frequently pointed to as a source of potential bias in phylogenetic inference ( 4 - 6 ), nonneutral convergence at the molecular-genetic level is believed to be relatively rare and limited in scope. (pnas.org)
  • We examined whether the results could be explained by neutral convergence or were instead due to potentially adaptive nonneutral convergent evolution. (pnas.org)
  • This is, therefore, a classic case of convergent evolution: Both groups evolved similar molecular mechanisms for a eusocial lifestyle under similar selection pressures," says genomics expert Dr Mark Harrison, first author of the study. (idw-online.de)
  • We do research in molecular genetics, functional genomics, cell biology, developmental biology, biotechnology and biochemistry in established model organisms. (bio.net)
  • Integrated genomics and comprehensive validation reveal drivers of genomic evolution in esophageal adenocarcinoma. (harvard.edu)
  • While evolution involves changes in organisms that we can observe, they undergo evolution at a deeper level, too. (pbs.org)
  • A major goal of molecular evolutionary genetics is to understand the molecular mechanisms involved in functional adaptations of organisms to different environments, including the mechanisms of the regulation of the spectral absorption. (nih.gov)
  • Evolutionary scientists often use results derived from molecular biology dating methods (based on DNA sequence similarities) to bolster their assumptions that some related organisms may have diverged millions of years ago. (icr.org)
  • By using these recent methodologies, it could be useful to shed light on the molecular evolution of the biomarkers, and which role and functionality can be better understood based on exploring the relative evolution pathways in several aquatic organisms. (novapublishers.com)
  • The new study begins to answer fundamental questions about changes at the molecular level that eventually shape the destinies of all organisms, Johnson said. (medindia.net)
  • Research topics in molecular evolution include the characterization of novel hantaviruses harbored by shrews, moles and bats in different geographic locations and investigation of Burkholderia pseudomallei in humans, animal models, and in the environment. (hawaii.edu)
  • The changes and variations in genetic code that occur over time are referred to as "molecular evolution. (pbs.org)
  • Rasmus Nielsen is certainly one of these researchers, and his work so far has merged many population genetic and phylogenetic aspects of biological research under the umbrella of molecular evolution. (springer.com)
  • Further chapters detail genetic variation of viruses and the molecular basis of interrelation at the population level and the molecular basis and evolution of this relationship. (cambridge.org)
  • The content and structure of a genome is the product of the molecular and population genetic forces which act upon that genome. (wikipedia.org)
  • To understand the molecular genetic basis of spectral tuning of visual pigments, it is essential to establish correlations between a series of the sequences of visual pigments and their lambda(max) values. (nih.gov)
  • Studies of evolution at the molecular level have experienced phenomenal growth in the last few decades, due to rapid accumulation of genetic sequence data, improved computer hardware and software, and the development of sophisticated analytical methods. (bokkilden.no)
  • This session will highlight research that harnesses the power of experimental evolution, phylogenetic reconstructions, and standing genetic variation to gain insight into molecular systems. (grc.org)
  • The most common genetic change found in the evolution of typical Ph1 chromosome positive CML to blast crisis was an alteration of the p53 gene involving either a rearrangement, a deletion, or a point mutation in the coding sequence of the gene. (jci.org)
  • Viruses and mobile genetic elements are molecular parasites or symbionts that coevolve with nearly all forms of cellular life. (asm.org)
  • We often hear about new 'genome sequences,' commercial kits that can tell you about your ancestry (including pre-human) from your DNA or disease predispositions, debates about the truth of evolution, why animals behave the way they do, and how people found 'genetic evidence for natural selection. (coursera.org)
  • Genetic variation analyses indicate conserved SARS-CoV-2-host interaction and varied genetic adaptation in immune response factors in modern human evolution. (harvard.edu)
  • The field of molecular evolution has experienced explosive growth in recent years due to the rapid accumulation of genetic sequence data, continuous improvements to computer hardware and software, and the development of sophisticated analytical methods. (oup.com)
  • Dr. Robert Heinzen, head of the Coxiella Pathogenesis Section at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, remarked, "Our results suggest that mobile genetic elements have played a major role in the evolution and function of the C. burnetii genome. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • 1. Using Organelle Markers to Elucidate the History, Ecology and Evolution of Plant Populations R.A. Ennos, W.T. Sinclair, X.-S. Hu and A. Langdon 2. (routledge.com)
  • to assess how the study of genetics and the use of molecular tools can inform biodiversity conservation, animal breeding, animal welfare and our understanding of evolutionary ecology. (unitec.ac.nz)
  • Another 2017 publication considers the role of polyploidy or whole genome duplication in ecology and evolution . (le.ac.uk)
  • A rich ecology of practices and theoretical debates, embedded in some of the political concerns and policies of the postwar period, is part of the emergence of the field of Molecular Evolution. (springer.com)
  • The field of molecular evolution came into its own in the 1960s and 1970s, following the rise of molecular biology. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, presentations of new findings on or insights into evolutionary processes and mechanisms as expressed at the molecular level are welcome, as are those that deal with the methodology of reconstructing evolutionary history from molecular data (such as descriptions of new or more powerful computer algorithms for constructing phylogenetic trees from orthologous nucleotide or aminoacid sequences). (elsevier.com)
  • What we observe as evolution consists of shuffling round within this limited set of equivalent sequences. (blackwellpublishing.com)
  • Nuclear sequences analyzed under maximum parsimony and minimum evolution criteria did not resolve relationships among families and suborders. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Using the mutation rate per generation and the number of nucleotide differences between two sequences, divergence times can be estimated effectively via the molecular clock. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, similarities and differences in molecular data (protein and DNA sequences) are also being used. (vernier.com)
  • Next, the researchers analyzed sequences using a variety of molecular evolutionary methods, including new approaches developed by Springer's group. (innovations-report.com)
  • This book is suitable for statisticians seeking to learn more about applications in molecular evolution and molecular evolutionary biologists with an interest in learning more about the theory behind the statistical methods applied in the field. (springer.com)
  • Brodsky added, "Molecular cell biologists interested in the evolutionary origins of pathways we study can learn a lot from immunologists who have refined techniques to extract information from the co-evolution of host-pathogen interaction pathways, which are the most rapidly evolving in biology. (asbmb.org)
  • In the late 1960s, the neutral theory of molecular evolution provided a theoretical basis for the molecular clock, though both the clock and the neutral theory were controversial, since most evolutionary biologists held strongly to panselectionism, with natural selection as the only important cause of evolutionary change. (wikipedia.org)
  • Molecular Biologists recognize that the model is a rough approximation to reality and there is considerable literature on the effects of model deviations. (gerad.ca)
  • Abir-Am P (1992) The politics of macromolecules: molecular biologists, biochemists, and rhetoric. (springer.com)
  • Simpson, A.G.B., Stevens, J.R. and Lukes, J. (2006) The evolution and diversity of kinetoplastid flagellates. (exeter.ac.uk)
  • Diversity and evolution of dominant African savanna grasses. (senckenberg.de)
  • In addition, it is theorized that certain chemical reactions may have taken place on early Earth, before true evolution began, and some of these reactions may have helped to form these informational molecules that enabled replication and mutation. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Roles of mutation and selection in molecular evolution. (worldcat.org)
  • This session will highlight research into the molecular mechanisms involved in evolutionary processes such as mutation, inheritance, phenotypic plasticity, and more. (grc.org)
  • They are also learning that the enzymes that copy and maintain the DNA introduce changes in some parts of the genome and not others, creating hotspots of mutation that increase the efficiency of evolution. (ucla.edu)
  • This book is one of the first solely devoted to the origins and evolution of viruses, and of the ways in which they interact with their cellular hosts and vectors. (cambridge.org)
  • The conference taught me an important lesson: Evolution of a biochemical process can teach us a great deal about how it operates - it can help determine which features are fundamental and which represent cellular or organismal specialization. (asbmb.org)
  • I have often neglected to consider evolution when trying to understand the molecular basis of a given cellular process. (asbmb.org)
  • The main problem with this idea is that, not only does no such creature exist, but eukaryotes also contain molecular similarities to both bacteria and archaea-prokaryotes that are found in completely separate domains of cellular life. (icr.org)
  • Another major problem is that many complex molecular and cellular features unique among eukaryotes are not found in any prokaryotes. (icr.org)
  • Clearly, the only scientific model that predicts this type of molecular and cellular complexity and innovation across all forms of life is one associated with special creation. (icr.org)
  • Viewing molecular and cellular processes within their evolutionary contexts can reveal key mechanistic information. (grc.org)
  • Aronson JD (2002) 'Molecules and monkeys': George Gaylord Simpson and the challenge of molecular evolution. (springer.com)
  • A widely accepted principle is that protein evolution is mainly determined by constraints on activity, specificity, folding, and stability ( 1-4 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • Thus, we previously proposed that metabolic flows and geochemical budgets might be constraints that were imprinted on protein evolution ( 5 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • Genome‐wide data on protein evolution are mostly in accord with the nearly neutral theory. (els.net)
  • Many observed patterns of protein evolution by measuring synonymous and nonsynonymous divergences are in accord with the nearly neutral theory. (els.net)
  • By creating a deeper understanding for the evolutionary dynamics of an important drug targetenzyme, our proposal will develop experimental and computational tools for studying protein evolution with theultimate goal of improving human health. (usda.gov)
  • Our key methods for in situ hybridization are given at this website with more information about methods for molecular cytogenetics and in situ hybridization as well as some other methods used in our laboratory. (le.ac.uk)
  • Fu, Yun‐Xin(Apr 2001) Neutrality and Selection in Molecular Evolution: Statistical Tests. (els.net)
  • The wealth of information contained in colicin sequence comparisons makes this an ideal system with which to explore molecular mechanisms of evolutionary change. (umass.edu)
  • Molecular evolution " is a term used to describe the stages that preceded the origin of life on Earth. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Sponsored by the Center for the Study of Evolution and the Origin of Life, the symposium will be held in Schoenberg Hall from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. (latimes.com)
  • This review explores features of the origin and evolution of colicins in Escherichia coli. (umass.edu)
  • This site has lesson plans and general information about evolution, the nature of science, origin of life and genetics. (nescent.org)
  • I also discuss such topics as the evolution of deviant coding systems in Mycoplasma , the origin of life and the unified understanding of molecular and phenotypic evolution. (go.jp)
  • Fay JC (2011) Weighing the evidence for adaptation at the molecular level. (els.net)
  • Previous studies in evolutionary biology have provided only limited evidence linking morphological degeneration in the fossil record to molecular decay in the genome. (innovations-report.com)
  • This fact, a mutual divergence that began at the same point in time (roughly 5 million to 6 million years ago) allowed Johnson and his colleagues to determine whether molecular evolution occurs faster in primates or in their parasites. (medindia.net)
  • In retrospect, it might have been better to entitle the article "Non-adaptive evolution," because "non-Darwinian" probably raised the hackles of admirers of Charles Darwin. (genetics.org)
  • up constraint with adaptive evolution and just call it neutral. (coursera.org)
  • Fitch WM, Bush RM, Bender CA and Cox NJ (1997) Long term trends in the evolution of H(3) HA1 human influenza type A. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 94: 7712-7718. (els.net)
  • Li WH (1997) Molecular Evolution. (els.net)
  • At a very early stage in evolution, mitochondria were derived from bacteria that lived within the first eukaryotic cells. (hubpages.com)
  • These results indicate that nonneutral convergent molecular evolution in mitochondria can occur at a scale and intensity far beyond what has been documented previously, and they highlight the vulnerability of standard phylogenetic methods to the presence of nonneutral convergent sequence evolution. (pnas.org)
  • Infection, Genetics and Evolution 1: 143-150. (exeter.ac.uk)
  • Infection, Genetics and Evolution , 11: 955-959. (exeter.ac.uk)
  • Nucleic acids are attractive materials for creating functional molecules that have applications as catalysts, specific binders, and molecular switches. (mdpi.com)
  • These methods have helped explore the potential abilities of nucleic acids and steadily contributed to their evolution, i.e . , creation of RNA/DNA enzymes, aptamers, and aptazymes. (mdpi.com)
  • This review focuses on the effectiveness of chemical modifications on the evolution of nucleic acids as functional molecules and the outlook for related technologies. (mdpi.com)
  • Postdoctoral Research Fellow In Molecular Evolution Dr. David OBrochta, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, Center for Agricultural Biotechnology wishes to sponsor highly qualified recent Ph.D.s interested in applying for a postdoctoral fellowships in Molecular Evolution sponsored by the National Science Foundation and Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, of the USDA. (bio.net)
  • The fellow will be responsible for conducting a research project investigating the evolution of hAT transposable elements in heliothine moths. (bio.net)
  • It reviews the latest advances in research into evolution, focusing on the molecular bases for evolutionary change. (cshlpress.com)
  • The Gordon Research Seminar on Molecular Mechanisms in Evolution is a unique forum for graduate students, post-docs, and other scientists with comparable levels of experience and education to present and exchange new data and cutting edge ideas. (grc.org)
  • This GRS will be held in conjunction with the "Molecular Mechanisms in Evolution" Gordon Research Conference (GRC). (grc.org)
  • Due to the Senckenberg-wide regulations and current recommendations in connection with the corona virus epidemic, the Department of Botany and Molecular Evolutionary Research is closed since 16th March 2020 until further notice for volunteers, visiting researchers and interns. (senckenberg.de)
  • Another important basis for our research and teaching is the Grunelius-Möllgaard Lab, a molecular lab that the division runs for Senckenberg, which is open to Senckenberg and guest researchers. (senckenberg.de)
  • We hope the work in the current study serves as a resource for both the Coxiella and wider infectious disease research communities interested in the evolution of pathogen virulence. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • Coordinated multigene nonneutral molecular convergence events have also been shown to occur in laboratory selection experiments ( 1 ), but have not been observed in nature. (pnas.org)
  • We will use laboratory evolution experiments to identify functional DHFR mutations and reproduciblegenetic trajectories leading to elevated trimethoprim resistance. (usda.gov)
  • Chiang HHH (2009) The laboratory technology of discrete molecular separation: the historical development of gel electrophoresis and the material epistemology of biomolecular science, 1945-1970. (springer.com)
  • There have been few systematic screens for nonneutral molecular convergence, however, so its true frequency in nature remains largely unknown. (pnas.org)
  • However, molecular systematic investigations of subgroups revealed that current taxonomy is at odds with evolutionary relationships. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • UCLA molecular biologist James A. Lake reports important new insights about prokaryotes and the evolution of life in the Aug. 20 advance online edition of the journal Nature . (scienceblog.com)