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  • occurs
  • Spillover (referred to as contagion in the case of experimental evaluations) occurs when members of the comparison (control) group are affected by the intervention. (wikipedia.org)
  • outcomes
  • While program evaluation first focuses around this definition, important considerations often include how much the program costs per participant, how the program could be improved, whether the program is worthwhile, whether there are better alternatives, if there are unintended outcomes, and whether the program goals are appropriate and useful. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast to outcome monitoring, which examines whether targets have been achieved, impact evaluation is structured to answer the question: how would outcomes such as participants' well-being have changed if the intervention had not been undertaken? (wikipedia.org)
  • 1993
  • Compile-time function execution Memoization Partial application Run-time algorithm specialisation smn theorem Strength reduction Template metaprogramming Yoshihiko Futamura, https://web.archive.org/web/20110629171734/http://www.brics.dk/~hosc/local/HOSC-12-4-pp381-391.pdf Partial Evaluation of Computation Process - An Approach to a Compiler-Compiler Yoshihiko Futamura's Website Partial Computation of Programs, Yoshihiko Futamura, March 1983 Charles Consel and Olivier Danvy (1993). (wikipedia.org)
  • Neil D. Jones, Carsten K. Gomard, and Peter Sestoft: Partial Evaluation and Automatic Program Generation (1993) Book, full text available online. (wikipedia.org)
  • Empowerment evaluation was introduced in 1993 by David Fetterman during his presidential address at the American Evaluation Association's (AEA) annual meeting. (wikipedia.org)
  • approach
  • Empowerment evaluation (EE) is an evaluation approach designed to help communities monitor and evaluate their own performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following Qur'anic verse established a general principal in biographical evaluation: "O you who believe, if a wrongdoer should approach you conveying information, then verify that so as not to fall into ignorance thus regretting what you have done. (wikipedia.org)
  • effectiveness
  • Caroline Heider joined the Independent Evaluation Group of the World Bank Group as Director-General on October 1, 2011, and reports directly to the World Bank Group's Boards of Executive Directors through the Committee on Development Effectiveness (CODE). (wikipedia.org)
  • It is an important component of the armory of evaluation tools and approaches and integral to global efforts to improve the effectiveness of aid delivery and public spending more generally in improving living standards. (wikipedia.org)
  • implementation
  • If Istatic is source code designed to run inside said interpreter, then partial evaluation of the interpreter with respect to this data/program produces prog*, a version of the interpreter that only runs that source code, is written in the implementation language of the interpreter, does not require the source code to be resupplied, and runs faster than the original combination of the interpreter and the source. (wikipedia.org)
  • Retrospective evaluations are usually conducted after the implementation phase and may exploit existing survey data, although the best evaluations will collect data as close to baseline as possible, to ensure comparability of intervention and comparison groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • This is because evaluation is not part of a unified theoretical framework, drawing on a number of disciplines, which include management and organisational theory, policy analysis, education, sociology, social anthropology, and social change. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] The benefits of lazy evaluation include: The ability to define control flow (structures) as abstractions instead of primitives. (wikipedia.org)
  • functions
  • In July 2006 the Board of the Bank Group integrated the independent evaluation functions of the World Bank, IFC, and MIGA into a single unit, the Independent Evaluation Group. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sharing can reduce the running time of certain functions by an exponential factor over other non-strict evaluation strategies, such as call-by-name. (wikipedia.org)
  • One popular strategy for constructing evaluation functions is as a weighted sum of various factors that are thought to influence the value of a position. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evaluation functions in Go take into account both territory controlled, influence of stones, number of prisoners and life and death of groups on the board. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • Because the final official evaluation needs to be compiled on the current School of Medicine evaluation form, the clerkship director will transpose information from the RIME-IP form. (washington.edu)
  • imperative
  • However, lazy evaluation is difficult to combine with imperative features such as exception handling and input/output, because the order of operations becomes indeterminate. (wikipedia.org)
  • accountability
  • UNHCR is committed to the importance of evaluation and its role in supporting organizational accountability, learning and the continual improvement of UNHCR's performance in addressing the protection, assistance and solutions needs of refugees, stateless persons, IDPs and other persons of concern. (unhcr.org)
  • Empowerment Evaluation: Knowledge and Tools for Self-assessment and Accountability the first empowerment evaluation book, provided an introduction to theory and practice. (wikipedia.org)
  • performance
  • Performance Evaluation is an international journal published by Elsevier. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the workplace, an evaluation is a tool employers use to review the performance of an employee. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the 2014 Performance Management survey, 96% of employers perform annual performance evaluations and 44% of employers perform a 90-day performance review for new employees. (wikipedia.org)
  • take
  • clarification needed] This makes them more likely to make decisions and take actions based on their evaluation data. (wikipedia.org)
  • members
  • It places evaluation in the hands of community and staff members. (wikipedia.org)
  • The calculation of the n-th Fibonacci number would be merely the extraction of that element from the infinite list, forcing the evaluation of only the first n members of the list. (wikipedia.org)
  • function
  • Selecting a method also involves consideration of company culture, and the capacity of the compensation and benefits function or job evaluation committee. (wikipedia.org)
  • An evaluation function, also known as a heuristic evaluation function or static evaluation function, is a function used by game-playing programs to estimate the value or goodness of a position in the minimax and related algorithms. (wikipedia.org)
  • survey
  • Zhang, H. Health Monitoring and Evaluation of Long-Span Bridges Based on Sensing and Data Analysis: A Survey. (mdpi.com)
  • Zhou J, Li X, Xia R, Yang J, Zhang H. Health Monitoring and Evaluation of Long-Span Bridges Based on Sensing and Data Analysis: A Survey. (mdpi.com)
  • often
  • Because such duplication can often not be detected during bidding, the high card point method of hand evaluation, when used alone, provides only a preliminary estimate of the trick-taking potential of the combined hands and must be supplemented by other means for improved accuracy, particularly for unbalanced hands. (wikipedia.org)
  • Often a job evaluation committee consisting of experienced employees, union representatives and HR experts is created to set the ball rolling. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lazy evaluation is often combined with memoization, as described in Jon Bentley's Writing Efficient Programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • A private conference is often scheduled to discuss the evaluation. (wikipedia.org)
  • methods
  • Hand evaluation methods assess various features of a hand, including: its high card strength, shape or suit distribution, controls, fit with partner, quality of suits and quality of the whole hand. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are primarily three methods of job evaluation: (1) ranking, (2) classification, (3) Factor comparison method or Point method. (wikipedia.org)
  • Program evaluations can involve both quantitative and qualitative methods of social research. (wikipedia.org)
  • method
  • Some advanced concepts about the method of bridge safety evaluation were demonstrated and technology bottlenecks in the current safety evaluation were also put forward. (mdpi.com)
  • Selecting the method of evaluation: The method of evaluating jobs must be identified, keeping the job factors as well as organisational demands in mind. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evaluating jobs: The relative worth of various jobs in an organisation may be determined by applying the job evaluation method. (wikipedia.org)
  • Perhaps the simplest method of job evaluation is the ranking method. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus
  • Thus, job evaluation begins with job analysis and ends at that point where the worth of a job is ascertained for achieving pay equity between jobs and different roles. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • The Policy incorporates United Nations evaluation norms and standards and introduces evaluation quality assurance provisions as fundamental to produce high quality evidence-informed and credible evaluation products. (unhcr.org)
  • Most bidding systems use a basic point-count system for hand evaluation using a combination of high card points and distributional points, as follows. (wikipedia.org)
  • For aces and tens The 4-3-2-1 high card point evaluation has been found to statistically undervalue aces and tens and alternatives have been devised to increase a hand's HCP value. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the custody issue is not settled in the pre-trial procedures, and the parents have serious concerns about each other's ability to parent the children involved, a child custody evaluation may be appointed by the court, especially for the high-conflict cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • course
  • In accordance with General Regulation Evaluation, Evaluation of Graduate Students only one course may be repeated. (mun.ca)
  • A course evaluation is a paper or electronic questionnaire, which requires a written or selected response answer to a series of questions in order to evaluate the instruction of a given course. (wikipedia.org)
  • Students have the option to reflect on the teachers' instruction without fear of punishment because course evaluations are completely confidential and anonymous. (wikipedia.org)
  • The teachers may require their students to complete written evaluation, participate in ongoing dialogue or directed discussions during the course of the semester. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • Aimed at the health monitoring and evaluation of bridges based on sensing technology, the monitoring contents of different structural types of long-span bridges were defined. (mdpi.com)
  • reports
  • The head of IEG, the Director-General, Evaluation, reports directly to the Bank Group's Board of Executive Directors and not to Bank Group management. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is claimed that only a minority of evaluation reports are used by the evaluand (client) (Datta, 2006). (wikipedia.org)
  • programs
  • Evaluation became particularly relevant in the U.S. in the 1960s during the period of the Great Society social programs associated with the Kennedy and Johnson administrations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Originally more oriented towards evaluation of social sector programs in developing countries, notably conditional cash transfers, impact evaluation is now being increasingly applied in other areas such as the agriculture, energy and transport. (wikipedia.org)
  • Empowerment evaluation has been used in programs ranging from a fifteen million dollar Hewlett-Packard corporate philanthropy effort to accreditation in higher education and from the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Mars Mars Rover project to battered women's shelters. (wikipedia.org)