• Under dark, anaerobic conditions, the cells of E. gracilis produce a wax ester that can be converted into biofuel. (frontiersin.org)
  • however, the percentage of D -lactate increased to 28.4% in CM medium at 30 ∘ C. Finally, we used a commercial strain of E. gracilis for succinate production and found that nitrogen-starved cells, incubated under dark, anaerobic conditions, produced 869.6 mg/L succinate over a 3-day incubation period, which was 70-fold higher than the amount produced by nitrogen-replete cells. (frontiersin.org)
  • Here, we demonstrate that under dark, anaerobic conditions, E. gracilis excretes organic acids, such as succinate and lactate, which are bulk chemicals used in the production of bioplastics. (frontiersin.org)
  • E. gracilis has also been studied as a biocatalyst for the production of bioenergy. (frontiersin.org)
  • The transcriptome of Euglena gracilis was recently sequenced, providing information about all of the genes that the organism is actively using. (wikipedia.org)
  • Here we present de novo transcriptome sequencing and preliminary analysis, providing a basis for the molecular and functional genomics studies that will be required to direct metabolic engineering efforts aimed at enhancing the quality and quantity of high value products from E. gracilis . (rsc.org)
  • however, the percentage of D -lactate increased to 28.4% in CM medium at 30 ∘ C. Finally, we used a commercial strain of E. gracilis for succinate production and found that nitrogen-starved cells, incubated under dark, anaerobic conditions, produced 869.6 mg/L succinate over a 3-day incubation period, which was 70-fold higher than the amount produced by nitrogen-replete cells. (frontiersin.org)
  • Growth of Euglena gracilis Z Pringsheim under photoheterotrophic conditions in a nitrogen-deprived medium resulted in progressive loss of chroroplastic material until total bleaching of the cells ocurred. (csic.es)
  • The ultrastructural changes in mitochondria after growth of bleached Euglena in 1, 5 and 10 µg EB/ml for 10 days were reversed (partially in some cells) when cells were transferred to EB-free medium for another 20 days. (biologists.org)
  • Euglena gracilis is an alga of great biotechnological interest and extensive metabolic capacity, able to make high levels of bioactive compounds, such as polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamins and β-glucan. (mdpi.com)
  • Euglena gracilis is a highly complex alga belonging to the green plant line that shows characteristics of both plants and animals, while in evolutionary terms it is most closely related to the protozoan parasites Trypanosoma and Leishmania . (rsc.org)
  • Previous work has shown that Euglena expresses a wide range of carbohydrate-active enzymes, suggesting an unexpectedly high capacity for the synthesis of complex carbohydrates for a single-celled organism. (mdpi.com)
  • This is the first study to demonstrate organic acid excretion by E. gracilis cells and to reveal novel aspects of primary carbon metabolism in this organism. (frontiersin.org)
  • This review article elucidates the use of Euglena gracilis , a freshwater motile flagellate of the phylum Euglenophyta, as a suitable organism in ecotoxicological studies with special emphasis on its gravitactic orientation as a sensitive end point in ecotoxicological assessment of water pollutants. (frontiersin.org)
  • The main objective of this review is to describe Euglena gracilis as an ideal organism in ecotoxicological studies with special emphasis on its gravitactic orientation as a sensitive end point parameter. (frontiersin.org)
  • Euglena gracilis is a tiny, single-celled organism with a long, oval body, tail-like flagella and chloroplasts for producing food energy from sunlight. (reference.com)
  • This study investigated the effect of supplementation with a proprietary Euglena gracilis fermentate (BG), containing greater than 50% β-1,3-glucan, on immune function as measured by self-reported changes in upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) symptoms. (mdpi.com)
  • The study provides evidence that supplementation with a proprietary Euglena gracilis fermentate containing greater than 50% β-1,3-glucan may reduce and prevent URTI symptoms, providing immune support and protecting overall health. (mdpi.com)
  • Euglena supplementation improved hyperglycemia and decreased food intake, body weight gain, and abdominal fat. (rsc.org)
  • Interestingly, the enzyme consisted of two entirely homologous catalytic domains, designated APX-N and APX-C, and an 102 amino acid extension in the N-terminal region, which had a typical class II signal proposed for plastid targeting in Euglena . (portlandpress.com)
  • OLETF rats were fed an AIN-93 M diet containing cellulose, Euglena, or paramylon for 10 weeks. (rsc.org)
  • This suggests that the improvement in glycemic control in the Euglena-supplemented group may depend on substances other than paramylon present in Euglena. (rsc.org)
  • Paramylon is a β-1,3-D-glucan isolated from Euglena gracilis Z . This study was designed to evaluate the suppressive effects of the oral administration of paramylon on the development of atopic dermatitis (AD)-like skin lesions induced by repeated application of 2,4,6-trinitrochlorobenzene (TNCB) in sensitized NC/Nga mice. (go.jp)
  • Paramylon is a β-(1-3)-D-glucan isolated from Euglena gracilis Z . This study was designed to evaluate the protective effects of paramylon on liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4 ) in rats. (go.jp)
  • The metabolic and environmental robustness of Euglena is supported by a substantial capacity for responding to biotic and abiotic stress: it has the capacity to deploy three separate pathways for vitamin C (ascorbate) production, as well as producing vitamin E (α-tocopherol) and, in addition to glutathione, the redox-active thiols nor -trypanothione and ovothiol. (rsc.org)
  • Different metabolic fate of two carbons of glycolate in its conversion to serine in Euglena gracilis z. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Checcucci A, Colombetti G, Ferrara R, Lenci F (1976) Further analysis of the mass photoresponses of Euglena gracilis Klebs (Flagellata euglenoidina). (springer.com)
  • The analysis of cell fractionation showed that the APX protein is distributed in the cytosol, but not the plastids, suggesting that Euglena APX becomes mature in the cytosol after processing of the precursor. (portlandpress.com)
  • Together, these data indicate that Euglena possesses a complex glycan surface, unrelated to plant cell walls, while its protein glycosylation is simple. (mdpi.com)
  • Here, we demonstrate that under dark, anaerobic conditions, E. gracilis excretes organic acids, such as succinate and lactate, which are bulk chemicals used in the production of bioplastics. (frontiersin.org)