• 2-Chloroethanol is produced by treating ethylene with hypochlorous acid: 2-Chloroethanol was once produced on a large scale as a precursor to ethylene oxide: HOCH2CH2Cl + NaOH → C2H4O + NaCl + H2O This application has been supplanted by the more economic direct oxidation of ethylene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ethylene oxide reacts with bound hydrochloric acid to form ethylene chlorohydrin. (bd.com)
  • By far the dominant method of 2 butoxyethanol production is treatment of butyl alcohol with ethylene oxide. (cdc.gov)
  • they assumed steadily growing commercial importance as intermediates only after 1945, because of the large-scale production of ethylene oxide. (chemicalbook.com)
  • Kolman A, Chovanec M, Osterman-Golkar S. Genotoxic effects of ethylene oxide, propylene oxide and epichlorohydrin in humans Update review (1990-2001). (who.int)
  • Schettgen T, Broding HC, Angerer J, Drexler H. Hemoglobin adducts of ethylene oxide, propylene oxide, acrylonitrile and acrylamide biomarkers in occupational and environmental medicine. (who.int)
  • Specifies allowable limits for residual ethylene oxide (EO) and ethylene chlorohydrin (ECH) in individual EO-sterilized medical devices and procedures for the measurement of EO and ECH. (iso.org)
  • Hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC) is a white or light yellow, odorless, non-toxic fibrous or powdery solid prepared by etherification of alkaline cellulose and ethylene oxide (or chlorohydrin). (kimachemical.com)
  • 2-Chloroethanol (also called ethylene chlorohydrin or glycol chlorohydrin) is an organic chemical compound with the chemical formula HOCH2CH2Cl and the simplest beta-halohydrin (chlorohydrin). (wikipedia.org)
  • Both compounds are included in the reports of the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) database (EPA 1995) as part of the required generic reporting of all ethylene glycol ethers. (cdc.gov)
  • 99% purity, was reported to contain 0.2% (w/w) each of ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, and diethylene glycol monobutyl ether (Eastman Kodak 1988). (cdc.gov)
  • NIOSH Analytical Method, Ethylene Dibromide, SCP-S104. (cdc.gov)
  • Other roofing options that can add durability to your roof include EPDM (ethyl rubber), thermoplastic elastomer (TPO) membranes, and ethylene-chlorohydrin (ECH). (657scotlandstreet.com)
  • Mortality from pancreatic and lymphopoietic cancer among workers in ethylene and propylene chlorohydrin production. (who.int)
  • New Environment Inc. Ethylene chlorohydrin: properties Liu, Gordon Y. T. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ethylene Thiourea C3H6N2S Vulcanizing Accelerator ETU(NA-22) Properties: White powder. (beological.nl)
  • ETU is an imidazoline vulcanization accelerator, which can be used in chloroprene rubber, chlorohydrin rubber, chlorinated polyethylene, etc. (beological.nl)
  • Toxicity of ethylene chlorohydrin. (cdc.gov)
  • Genetic Toxicity Evaluation of 2-Chloroethanol (Ethylene Chlorohydrin) in Salmonella/E.coli Mutagenicity Test or Ames Test. (nih.gov)
  • Home » Chemical Effects in Biological Systems (CEBS) » Genetic Toxicity Evaluation of 2-Chloroethanol (Ethylene Chlorohydrin) in Salmonella/E.coli Mutagenicity Test or Ames Test. (nih.gov)
  • 1) 1.Ethylene dichlorides - toxicity 2.Ethylene dichlorides - administration and dosage 3.Dose-response relationship, Drug 4.Environmental exposure I.International Programme for Chemical Safety II.Series ISBN 92 4 153001 4 (NLM Classification: QV 633) ISSN 1020-6167 The World Health Organization welcomes requests for permission to reproduce or translate its publications, in part or in full. (inchem.org)
  • Both compounds are included in the reports of the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) database (EPA 1995) as part of the required generic reporting of all ethylene glycol ethers. (cdc.gov)
  • The National Trade Data Bank (NTDB 1997) reports import/export data for monobutyl ethers of mono or di-ethylene glycols rather than specific data for 2-butoxyethanol or 2 butoxyethanol acetate. (cdc.gov)
  • It works with some things like benzyl alcohol, but I don't believe hcl will chlorinate ethanol, and thus most likely not ethylene glycol either. (sciencemadness.org)
  • Instead, 2-chloro-ethanol can be produced by reacting ethylene gas with hypochloric acid, or an acidified solution of NaOCl (sodium hypochlorite). (sciencemadness.org)
  • 99% purity, was reported to contain 0.2% (w/w) each of ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, and diethylene glycol monobutyl ether (Eastman Kodak 1988). (cdc.gov)
  • However, one by-product of its application is the formation of Ethyl Chlorohydrin, a Carcinogen, which is formed in high levels in some spices as they are treated (FDA has banned its use on Basil, since the reside of the carcinogenic compound approaches 1000 parts per million or 1 part per thousand. (justgoodfood.shop)
  • NIOSH Analytical Method, Ethylene Chlorohydrin, SCP-S103. (cdc.gov)
  • HYPERBRANCHED ETHYLENE-BASED OILS AND GREASES - A process to prepare a relatively inexpensive utility fluid comprises contacting together ethylene and a coordination-insertion catalyst and, optionally, an alpha-olefin, in a continuously-fed backmixed reactor zone under conditions such that a mixture of a hyperbranched oligomer and a branched oligomer is formed. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • The coordination-insertion catalyst is characterized as having an ethylene/octene reactivity ratio up to 20 and a kinetic chain length up to 20 monomer units. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Treatments with ethylene chlorohydrin in sealed containers, at the rate of 0.25 ml. per liter of air space, stimulate shoot growth. (upr.edu)
  • 2-Chloroethanol (also called ethylene chlorohydrin or glycol chlorohydrin) is an organic chemical compound with the chemical formula HOCH2CH2Cl and the simplest beta-halohydrin (chlorohydrin). (wikipedia.org)
  • Both of these chlorohydrins are converted to 1,2-dihydroxypropane by heating with solutions of sodium hydrogen carbonate when heated with solid sodium hydroxide they give 1,2-epoxypropane. (chempedia.info)
  • Synonyms: 1,2-Epoxyethane is used in the manufacture of mono-ethylene glycol. (who.int)
  • This may be an interesting route if ethylene gas is available (I have various routes to this, if interested). (sciencemadness.org)
  • First generation: Propylene chlorohydrin route. (icis.com)
  • Experimental data on the substantiation of the threshold of ethylene chlorohydrin in the air of the working zone. (cdc.gov)
  • Study of a fatal case of ethylene chlorohydrin poisoning. (cdc.gov)
  • The environmental and economic problems with the first generation chlorohydrin technology are not insignificant. (icis.com)