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  • actions of estrogen
  • Indeed, as many as four hundred different actions of estrogen have been identified, affecting such diverse systems as circulation, brain activity, sexual behavior, bone biology, sleep patterns, intestinal absorption of food, and immune activity. (encyclopedia.com)
  • modulate
  • Evaluated as a whole, existing evidence indicates that estrogen can directly protect neurons from damage, can modulate brain inflammation, and could act to maintain low titers of the HIV-1 virus. (springer.com)
  • In this article, we both summarize current understanding and present new data related to the potential mechanisms whereby estrogen could modulate the mechanics and the consequences of HIV-1 infection in the brain and thereby thwart the development of HIV dementia. (springer.com)
  • endometrial cancer
  • These studies are further supported by the finding that incidence rates of endometrial cancer have increased sharply since 1969 in eight different areas of the United States with population-based cancer-reporting systems, an increase which may be related to the rapidly expanding use of estrogens during the last decade. (egeneralmedical.com)
  • 4 The three case-controlled studies reported that the risk of endometrial cancer in estrogen users was about 4.5 to 13.9 times greater than in nonusers. (egeneralmedical.com)
  • take estrogen
  • If you have migraine headaches, uterine fibroids, high triglycerides in your blood, lupus, chronic liver disease or endometriosis, you should ask your physician if it is OK to take estrogen. (washington.edu)
  • Women who take estrogen gain less weight than women who don't. (washington.edu)
  • specific DNA sequences
  • The estrogen:ER complex binds to specific DNA sequences called a hormone response element to activate the transcription of target genes (in a study using an estrogen-dependent breast cancer cell line as model, 89 such genes were identified). (wikipedia.org)
  • C, The highly conserved DBD, responsible for the recognition of specific DNA sequences (named estrogen responsive elements or EREs) through the two Zn fingers. (nih.gov)
  • blood clot
  • Bleeding disorder , blood clots , a higher risk of having a blood clot, breast cancer , liver problems or liver tumor, heart attack, stroke, or a tumor where estrogen makes it grow. (drugs.com)
  • steroid
  • Estrogens (also called Oestrogens) are steroid compounds that are important for development and functioning of females of the species. (news-medical.net)
  • androgens
  • All of the different forms of estrogen are synthesized from androgens , specifically testosterone and androstenedione , by the enzyme aromatase . (wikipedia.org)
  • disorders
  • Estrogens are used as a part of some oral contraceptives, hormone replacement therapies and other treatment for disorders on the endocrine system. (news-medical.net)
  • Understanding the relationship between estrogen level changes and cyclical mood disorders can provide a theoretical basis for improving female physical and mental health. (redorbit.com)
  • If we achieve a complete understanding of the internal mechanisms related to emotional changes and estrogen, we can provide a support system to help address female emotional disorders. (redorbit.com)
  • Estrogens are used as hormonal contraceptives, in hormone replacement therapy, and in the treatment of gynecological disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • progression
  • Estrogens have not been shown to prevent progression of Alzheimer's disease, and American Academy of Neurology recommends that estrogens not be used for treatment of Alzheimer's disease. (drugs.com)
  • females
  • Estrogen influences the structural differences between the male and female bodies, such as females having a wider pelvis and more permanent hair on the head. (medicalnewstoday.com)