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  • methods
  • In this text, a general theoretical basis is established for methods of estimating animal abundance from sightings surveys, and a wide range of approaches to analysis of sightings data is explored. (oup.com)
  • Reference
  • Although this value has been extensively used as a reference to estimate the risk of fluorosis from toothpaste or the relative contribution of fluoride intake from toothpaste compared with fluoride intake from drinking water, longitudinal studies have not found a strong association between this dose and the development of dental fluorosis [ 7 , 8 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • interior
  • For the interior estimates, the norms are weighted by the distance to the boundary d x = d ( x , ∂ Ω ) {\displaystyle d_{x}=d(x,\partial \Omega )} raised to the same power as the derivative, and the seminorms are weighted by d x , y = min ( d x , d y ) {\displaystyle d_{x,y}=\min(d_{x},d_{y})} raised to the appropriate power. (wikipedia.org)
  • necessary
  • The Schauder estimates are a necessary precondition to using the method of continuity to proving the existence and regularity of solutions to the Dirichlet problem for elliptic PDEs. (wikipedia.org)
  • contain
  • Unlike the budget the estimates contain no references to fiscal policy, long-term goals, or where the money is coming from. (wikipedia.org)
  • Upon examining water productivity, both conceptually and empirically, using published versions of crop production functions, I conclude that estimates of water productivity contain too little information to enhance understanding of farm-level water management. (mdpi.com)
  • economic
  • This paper aims at analyzing whether existing economic value estimates for forest ecosystem services (ES) might be transferred and used for valuation purposes elsewhere, and whether these data are appropriate for application in forest management. (mdpi.com)
  • Today, economists use Solow's sources-of-growth accounting to estimate the separate effects on economic growth of technological change, capital, and labor. (wikipedia.org)
  • year
  • This data collection was created by expanding the CURRENT POPULATION SURVEY: ANNUAL DEMOGRAPHIC FILE, 1981 (ICPSR 8192) to include an estimate of after-tax income, 'before-tax' money income from the previous year, and the amount of taxes paid. (umich.edu)
  • linear
  • In mathematics, the Schauder estimates are a collection of results due to Juliusz Schauder (1934, 1937) concerning the regularity of solutions to linear, uniformly elliptic partial differential equations. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this section, we discuss point and interval estimates about the slope of linear models. (ucla.edu)
  • indicate
  • Table IV.A1 shows these estimates, which indicate that the assets of the OASI Trust Fund continue to increase throughout the next 10 years under the intermediate and low-cost sets of assumptions, but begin to decline in 2018 under the high-cost assumptions. (ssa.gov)
  • Prices
  • Dropping all prescriptions for which prices were imputed would have left nationally unrepresentative populations and samples too small to estimate aggregate spending differences for different subgroups. (hhs.gov)
  • Consumption of all commodities domestically produced valued at farm gate prices, and estimated by increasing the value of consumption (at farm gate) of the MPS commodities according to their share in the total value of agricultural production [(II.1) / (I.1) x (oecd.org)
  • risk
  • It is estimated that the residual lifetime risk of experiencing an osteoporotic fracture in men over the age of 50 is up to 27%, higher than the lifetime risk of developing prostate cancer of 11.3% ( 255 , 15 ). (iofbonehealth.org)
  • Results
  • In mathematics, the Schauder estimates are a collection of results due to Juliusz Schauder (1934, 1937) concerning the regularity of solutions to linear, uniformly elliptic partial differential equations. (wikipedia.org)
  • chapter
  • This chapter presents actuarial estimates of the future financial condition of the Social Security program. (ssa.gov)
  • This chapter presents the estimates and measures of trust fund financial adequacy for the short range (2012‑21) first, followed by estimates and measures of actuarial status for the long range (2012‑86) and over the infinite horizon. (ssa.gov)
  • As described in the Overview chapter of this report, these estimates depend upon a broad set of demographic, economic , and programmatic factors. (ssa.gov)
  • Chapter V describes these three sets of assumptions, along with the actuarial methods used to produce the estimates. (ssa.gov)
  • This subsection presents estimates, based on the assumptions described in chapter V , of the operations and financial status of the OASI Trust Fund for the period 2012-21. (ssa.gov)
  • regional
  • These estimates can be downloaded as Excel files for several regional groupings: WHO regions, Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMIC) by WHO region, World Bank income groups and MDG regions. (who.int)
  • Total
  • Country Total Support Estimate (TSE) and derived indicators in Table 1 cover all agricultural production, i.e. all agricultural commodities produced in the country. (oecd.org)
  • lower
  • Thus, all other things being equal, we would expect aggregate spending estimates for MCBS to be somewhat lower than for MEPS. (hhs.gov)