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  • convergence
  • The article presents a conversation among pedriatric ophthalmologists Marilyn Mets, Martin Wilson, Scott Olitsky, moderated by Leonard B. Nelson on the management of high accomodative convergence, accommodation ratio esotropia. (ebscohost.com)
  • That accommodation is present to provide clear distance vision, but when the person changes to a nearpoint regard, even more accommodation is required, which can result in too much convergence, which in turn leads to the esotropia. (kanataoptometry.ca)
  • onset
  • The case considered is a pediatric patient who had recent onset esotropia. (ebscohost.com)
  • Some abnormalities in stereoacuity may exist before the onset of esotropia, but others may result directly from abnormal binocular experience. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Background/aims To compare surgical outcomes between preterm and full-term patients with infantile-onset esotropia. (bmj.com)
  • Methods This study included 56 preterm and 162 full-term patients with infantile-onset esotropia who underwent strabismus surgery. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions The results of this study showed a favourable outcome using a mildly reduced amount of surgery in preterm patients with infantile-onset esotropia. (bmj.com)
  • Eligible were all children aged three to eight years (either sex) with a normal psychophysical development, and onset of esotropia before one year of age who visited one of the clinics during the study period. (isrctn.com)
  • surgery
  • People with acquired esotropia can often successfully treat the condition with glasses and vision therapy, although surgery may be necessary for some. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Kittleman WT, Mazow ML. Reoperations in esotropia surgery. (medscape.com)
  • Schoffler C, Sturm V. Repeated surgery for acute acquired esotropia: is it worth the effort? (medscape.com)
  • surgery for congenital esotropia and, if feasible, to refine eligibility criteria for the trial. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Such data are needed to determine the earliest age at which surgery can be safely performed without concern that the esotropia is likely to resolve spontaneously. (bioportfolio.com)
  • However, it is not clear how often congenital esotropia occurs and then resolves (at an earlier age such that surgery is not necessary) before surgery is required. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Current clinical practice is to defer surgery for congenital esotropia until 6 to 12 months of age. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Assuming that characteristics of congenital esotropia at 2 to 4 months of age can be identified to predict which cases will require surgery, then a trial will be warranted to determine whether performing earlier surgery enhances the development of binocular vision. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Clinical reports have demonstrated that surgical correction of the esotropia between 6 and 12 months of age provides for enhanced development of stereoacuity compared with later surgery. (bioportfolio.com)
  • To determine whether the preoperative use of prisms in eyeglasses can improve the outcome of surgery for acquired esotropia, a type of strabismus. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Surgery for esotropia under topical anesthesia. (biomedsearch.com)
  • PARTICIPANTS: Sixty patients with nonparalytic, nonrestrictive esotropia who were cooperative for surgery under topical anesthesia. (biomedsearch.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Topical anesthesia requires a smaller amount of surgery and number of operated muscles to correct esotropia compared with classic surgery guidelines adapted to the surgeon's personal technique. (biomedsearch.com)
  • AAPOS
  • According to the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAPOS) , esotropia can be classified by its frequency, the person's age when it develops, and whether it is related to eye-focusing or not. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • 2018
  • Thereafter, the angle of esodeviation gradually increased, reaching 30 PD of esotropia for both distance and near in May 2018. (healio.com)
  • Pediatric Ophthalmology
  • A 2-year-old boy with Alagille syndrome was referred to the Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology of Keimyung University's Dongsan Medical Center for evaluation of esotropia predominantly observed in the right eye. (healio.com)