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  • typically
  • Since sampling is typically done to determine the characteristics of a whole population, the difference between the sample and population values is considered an error . (wikipedia.org)
  • These variations in the possible sample values of a statistic can theoretically be expressed as sampling errors, although in practice the exact sampling error is typically unknown. (wikipedia.org)
  • correct
  • ECC gives the receiver the ability to correct errors without needing a reverse channel to request retransmission of data, but at the cost of a fixed, higher forward channel bandwidth. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the back of the mirror, the researchers have fitted a piezoelectric layer that can also deform the mirror and correct all further errors that could disrupt the laser beam. (innovations-report.com)
  • larger
  • Sampling error always refers to the recognized limitations of any supposedly representative sample population in reflecting the larger totality, and the error refers only to the discrepancy that may result from judging the whole on the basis of a much smaller number. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Refractive errors include nearsightedness and farsightedness, eye conditions that are very common. (nih.gov)
  • further
  • Further refinement can be had by dispersing the error further away from the current pixel, as in the matrix given above in Enter the digital era . (wikipedia.org)
  • size
  • If the observations are collected from a random sample, statistical theory provides probabilistic estimates of the likely size of the sampling error for a particular statistic or estimator . (wikipedia.org)
  • sometimes
  • The distinction is most important in regression analysis , where the concepts are sometimes called the regression errors and regression residuals and where they lead to the concept of studentized residuals . (wikipedia.org)
  • given
  • If there is no text string registered for the given error code, the error string will contain the numeric code. (freebsd.org)
  • However, better visual results may be obtained by first converting the color channels into a perceptive color model that will separate lightness, hue and saturation channels, so that a higher weight for error diffusion will be given to the lightness channel, than to the hue channel. (wikipedia.org)
  • conditions
  • The maximum fractions of errors or of missing bits that can be corrected is determined by the design of the ECC code, so different error correcting codes are suitable for different conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • zero
  • The noisy-channel coding theorem of Claude Shannon answers the question of how much bandwidth is left for data communication while using the most efficient code that turns the decoding error probability to zero. (wikipedia.org)
  • unless
  • In the discussion which follows, it is assumed that the number of quantization states in the error diffused image is two per channel, unless otherwise stated. (wikipedia.org)
  • science
  • Professor Andy Pitman, co-director of the University of NSW climate change research centre and key author of the IPCC's 2001 and 2007 reports, says the discovery of the errors does not undermine the science. (smh.com.au)
  • code
  • The American mathematician Richard Hamming pioneered this field in the 1940s and invented the first error-correcting code in 1950: the Hamming (7,4) code . (wikipedia.org)
  • base
  • 1. Taq (Thermus aquaticus) 1.1 x 10-4 base substitutions/bp (Tindall and Kunkel, 1988) 2.4 x 10-5 frameshift mutations/bp (Tindall and Kunkel, 1988) 2.1 x 10-4 errors/bp (Keohavang and Thilly, 1989) 7.2 x 10-5 errors/bp (Ling et al. (bio.net)
  • 7. Pfu (Pyrococcus furiosus) 1.6 x 10-6 errors/base (Lundberg et al. (bio.net)
  • Replinase (Thermus flavis) 1.03 x 10-4 errors/base (Matilla et al. (bio.net)
  • solutions
  • If you get errors like "database connection failed" or "could not connect to the database you specified", here are some possible reasons and some possible solutions. (moodle.org)
  • sense
  • This is only an "error" in the sense that it would automatically be corrected if the totality were itself assessed. (wikipedia.org)
  • similar
  • This error is similar to an earlier event in which a patient received a fivefold overdose of ketamine, a nonbarbiturate general anesthetic agent, due to nonstandard labeling on a 503B compounded ketamine syringe. (lww.com)
  • channel
  • A popular application of error diffusion involves reducing the number of quantization states to just two per channel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research
  • What is more worrying to Prof Pitman is the revelation that the chairman of the IPCC, Rajendra Pachauri, may have benefited from the errors by receiving funding for his research institute. (smh.com.au)