• When an insurer does not provide affordable access to epinephrine - either by refusing to cover the medication or only covering a small amount of the cost - you can initiate an appeals process through your insurance carrier. (foodallergy.org)
  • Epinephrine is normally produced by both the adrenal glands and certain neurons . (wikipedia.org)
  • Purified active epinephrine is obtained from the adrenal glands of domesticated animals or prepared synthetically for clinical use. (britannica.com)
  • Epinephrine, when given intramuscularly or subcutaneously, has a rapid onset and short duration of action. (nih.gov)
  • Tricyclic antidepressants, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, levothyroxine sodium, and certain antihistamines: potentiate effects of epinephrine. (nih.gov)
  • Epinephrine does this by its effects on alpha and beta receptors . (wikipedia.org)
  • The actions of epinephrine are complex, owing to its stimulatory effects on α- and β-adrenergic receptors (or adrenoceptors, so named for their reaction to the adrenal hormones), which produce various responses, depending on the specific receptor and the tissue in which it occurs. (britannica.com)
  • Through its action on alpha adrenergic receptors, epinephrine lessens the vasodilation and increased vascular permeability that occurs during an anaphylactic reaction and can lead to loss of intravascular fluid volume and hypotension. (nih.gov)
  • Epinephrine, a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal gland, is an important CNS neurotransmitter and has a central role in autonomic regulation including intestinal and bronchial smooth muscle tone, vascular tone, glucose metabolism, and cardiac rate and contractility. (medscape.com)
  • Epinephrine typically is released during acute stress , and its stimulatory effects fortify and prepare an individual for either "fight or flight" ( see fight-or-flight response ). (britannica.com)
  • Epinephrine makes the bronchi get wider so air can get into the lungs and the person can breathe again. (wikipedia.org)
  • The epinephrine will relax the muscles around the lungs and widen the bronchi, making it easier to breathe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Epinephrine acts by increasing the levels of cyclic AMP leading to bronchodilation and stimulation of the heart and central nervous system. (fsu.edu)
  • Epinephrine is one of two chemical messengers that control the sympathetic nervous system and cause the "fight or flight" response . (wikipedia.org)
  • Alpha-adrenergic blocking drugs: antagonize vasoconstricting and hypertensive effects of epinephrine. (nih.gov)
  • Epinephrine testing should not be performed in patients in withdrawal from any drugs (legal or illegal) associated with known rebound plasma catecholamine release during the withdrawal period. (medscape.com)
  • Hence, epinephrine causes constriction in many networks of minute blood vessels but dilates the blood vessels in the skeletal muscles and the liver . (britannica.com)
  • Epinephrine is a chemical that narrows blood vessels and opens airways in the lungs. (cigna.com)
  • Collins said she believes more states don't require that epinephrine be stocked in schools to avoid placing a burden on often cash-strapped school districts to purchase the drug. (washingtonexaminer.com)