• Reported by WHO Weekly Epidemiological Record 1982;57:189-90. (cdc.gov)
  • 1. This Regulation prescribe the procedures by which measures for the restriction of the spread of human immunodeficiency virus (hereinafter - HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (hereinafter - AIDS) shall be organised: epidemiological surveillance, the treatment of infected persons and AIDS patients, medical and social rehabilitation, the information and education of inhabitants in the field of HIV infection and AIDS prevention. (likumi.lv)
  • 3. In order to determine a possible HIV infection and contraction of AIDS, perform epidemiological surveillance, as well as to provide consultative, medical and psychosocial assistance to persons infected with HIV, a performance of the appropriate examinations shall be necessary. (likumi.lv)
  • Genomic data of this variant has been uploaded to GISAID by the authorities of the United Kingdom and genomic surveillance of the virus continues across the country to monitor the situation. (derechos.org)
  • Such epidemiological understanding is normally gained through some form of disease surveillance system ( 7 , 8 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Following the first limited evidence of viral circulation in Tuscany in 1998, the Italian Ministry of Health issued a national veterinary surveillance plan for WNV monitoring areas at risk for WNV introduction and circulation. (izs.it)
  • These individuals are being monitored for symptoms and additional respiratory specimens are being obtained and re-tested for influenza viruses. (cdc.gov)
  • Influenza is an infectious disease of the respiratory system subject to constant monitoring in terms of the number of new cases and deaths. (edu.pl)
  • This meant the model involved the diagnostic testing of people suspected to have contracted the virus, the identification of contacts through precise epidemiological investigations of infected patients, and the isolation and treatment of patients and contacts. (giswatch.org)
  • In addition, the entire nation was regarded as "potential patients", so people's movements had to be recorded in advance for epidemiological investigations that may have been required in the future. (giswatch.org)
  • Current state of knowledge on the health effects of engineered nanomaterials in workers: a systematic review of human studies and epidemiological investigations. (cdc.gov)
  • Methods: A systematic review of human studies and epidemiological investigations of exposed workers relative to the possible adverse effects for the most widely used ENM was performed through searches of major scientific databases including Web of Science, Scopus, and PubMed. (cdc.gov)
  • Most of the epidemiological investigations were cross-sectional. (cdc.gov)
  • The authorities in the United Kingdom are conducting epidemiological and virological investigations to further assess the transmissibility, infection-severity, risk of reinfection and antibody response of this new variant. (derechos.org)
  • Conclusion The JE epidemic in Hunan province may be controlled by improving JE vaccination coverage, strengthening the monitoring of vectors and host animals, and eliminate mosquitoes breeding habitats. (bmsw.net.cn)
  • However, the virus's actual behavior or epidemiological impact is not clear. (substack.com)
  • Analysis of Japanese encephalitis epidemiology and comprehensive monitoring results in Hunan province[J]. Chines Journal of Vector Biology and Control, 2015, 26(6): 605-608. (bmsw.net.cn)
  • High-mortality provinces should also be monitored to look for specific risk factors. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Therefore, in these settings, ensuring correct diagnosis and prompt treatment initiation, monitoring of adverse side effects, and providing treatment support to ensure treatment completion, are of utmost importance to limit the spread of MDR-TB. (kit.nl)
  • For relatively short and simple cases performed on low-risk surgical patients, the only monitoring required may be noninvasive BP monitoring, heart rate (HR) monitoring, and end-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO 2 ) monitoring. (medscape.com)
  • On 26 March 2020, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, the Ministry of Science and ICT, and the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency (KDCA) introduced the COVID-19 Epidemiological Investigation Support System. (giswatch.org)
  • The variant was picked up as part of an epidemiological and virological investigation initiated earlier in December 2020 following an unexpected rise in COVID-19 cases in South East England. (derechos.org)
  • It was characterized by a more than three-fold increase in the 14-day case notification rate from epidemiological week 41 to week 50 (5 October to 13 December 2020). (derechos.org)
  • The Weekly Epidemiological Monitor not only documents major public health events and lessons learnt in the Region through sharing information, but also promotes transparency and the preparedness of Member States for public health events of international concern. (who.int)
  • variants under monitoring (VUM), variants of interest (VOI), variants of concern (VOC), and variants of high consequence (VOHC). (substack.com)
  • however, limited exposure data and the relatively short period since the first exposure may have influenced the incidence of adverse effects found in epidemiological studies. (cdc.gov)
  • The Airwave Tissue Bank is an epidemiological study of police officers and staff in Britain. (police-health.org.uk)
  • A prospective epidemiological study of SARS-CoV-2 in Lleida was made to determine differences between Alpha and Delta variants periods. (wphobby.com)
  • In deciding among various hemodynamic monitoring modalities, the perioperative team should follow a systematic approach. (medscape.com)
  • managed the ambulance dispatch data, and G.A.D. collected email: [email protected] and monitored weekly ILI data. (cdc.gov)
  • In order to conduct a precise epidemiological investigation, interviews with infected patients were conducted, and objective data was collected to track patients' past movements and identify close contacts, such as mobile phone location information, the use of credit and transportation cards, and CCTV footage. (giswatch.org)
  • Invasive monitors (eg, arterial lines, central lines, and Swan-Ganz catheters) may provide additional data about various hemodynamic parameters (eg, preload, afterload, end-organ perfusion and cardiac output) that are useful in high-risk patients susceptible to tissue hypoperfusion. (medscape.com)
  • In the summer of 2017, the KIT CASE team joined WHO in performing an epidemiological review in Kazakhstan. (kit.nl)
  • Monitoring and epidemiological assessment of mass drug administration in the global programme to eliminate lymphatic filariasis : a manual for national elimination programmes. (who.int)
  • These analytes are either required nutrients or have been associated with health effects in epidemiological studies. (cdc.gov)
  • Objective To provide the basis for development of the prevention and control strategies by analysis of Japanese encephalitis (JE) epidemiological characteristics, dynamic change trend and comprehensive monitoring results in Hunan province. (bmsw.net.cn)
  • It also contains recommendations on training activities, health education, evaluation of results, and monitoring of programs. (cdc.gov)
  • These areas may be prioritised for improved treatment monitoring to prevent the development of further drug resistance. (kit.nl)
  • There is evidence to suggest that invasive hemodynamic monitoring and protocol-based intervention for high-risk patients may allow earlier identification of decreased tissue perfusion and earlier intervention with medications and fluids. (medscape.com)
  • Invasive hemodynamic monitoring may be warranted for high-risk patients or for patients undergoing complex, longer procedures with anticipated derangement of hemodynamic function. (medscape.com)
  • Clinicians must be able to identify appropriate situations for invasive hemodynamic monitoring in the care of high-risk perioperative patients while remaining fully cognizant of the risks associated with such monitoring. (medscape.com)
  • In cases where hemodynamic perturbations are expected (eg, those involving blood loss or volume shifts) or for high-risk patients who may not tolerate significant derangements in hemodynamics (eg, those with heart failure or intracranial pathology), invasive hemodynamic monitoring may be beneficial. (medscape.com)
  • Korea is one of the countries that has introduced and operated various monitoring and tracking systems in the name of controlling and preventing infectious diseases. (giswatch.org)
  • The countries that have managed to tame the massive and harmful effects of COVID-19 have as a common denominator their intensive use of information and communication technology, from the registration of the first cases to the monitoring, tracking, confinement and care of disease victims in the field. (watchingamerica.com)
  • Currently, the KDCA is working with the Ministry of Science and ICT and the National Information Society Agency to develop an "in-depth epidemiological investigation support system" that enhances the current system. (giswatch.org)
  • Indeed, when I requested the epidemiological information on Leptospirosis in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts prior to a lecture promoting Leptospirosis vaccines in dogs, I found that Massachusetts had never had even one case of Leptospirosis reported in humans since they started looking for Leptospirosis 5 nor were any cases of Leptospirosis reports in dogs confirmed for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. (thedogplace.org)
  • and, to date, 15 out of 20 Italian regions are considered endemic ( Go to Italian Epidemiological reports ). (izs.it)
  • [ 6 ] A combination of these three monitoring modalities should be sufficient in a low-risk case where significant hemodynamic changes are not anticipated. (medscape.com)
  • Variants under monitoring ( VUM ) contain genetic changes which are " suspected to affect virus characteristics with some indication that it may pose a future risk. (substack.com)
  • Thus, using an arterial line for invasive hemodynamic monitoring may be indicated in cases where hypotension or hypertension is expected, beat-to-beat BP monitoring is useful, or cardiovascular or major vascular manipulation is expected. (medscape.com)
  • Clinicians must give appropriate consideration to both the risks and the benefits of utilizing invasive hemodynamic monitoring during operative cases. (medscape.com)