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  • cellulose
  • In the present study, the ionic liquid (IL) [AMIM]Cl (1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride) was used for cellulose pretreatment to reduce the crystallinity and to increase the surface area of cellulose. (xtbg.ac.cn)
  • Stability
  • In the early times of bioprocess engineering, water was used principally for the reaction medium, because it was assumed that a higher stability and activity can be reached in the natural medium of enzymes. (asmscience.org)
  • reaction
  • Despite of these advantages, aldehydes are generally known to act as alkylating reagents by forming Schiff-bases in a Maillard-type reaction, in particular with enzyme lysine ε -amino groups. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Formation
  • Our studies indicate that these products induce the formation of stable Michael-adducts at solvent-accessible amino acids and thus lead to enzyme deactivation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Lastly, we provide a second model of nanofiber formation during near-critical and supercritical drying and characterize the silk fibroin properties at different drying pressures which, when acting as a stabilizing matrix, shows to improve the activity of entrapped enzymes dried at different pressures. (tufts.edu)
  • Elsevier
  • His latest books are: Materials for a Sustainable Future (RSC, 2012), Unraveling Environmental Disasters (Elsevier, 2012), Future Energy: Improved, Sustainable and Clean Options for our Planet, 2nd edition (Elsevier, 2013) and Volumes Properties: Liquids, Solutions and Vapours (RSC, 2014). (rsc.org)
  • 2002
  • Ashie INA, Sorensen TL, Nielsen PM (2002) Effects of papain and a microbial enzyme on meat proteins and beef tenderness. (springer.com)
  • magnetic
  • Our lab combines nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy with other molecular biology and biochemical/biophysical techniques to study enzymes important for bacterial and viral pathogenesis. (psu.edu)
  • Table
  • The supporting information includes data and spectra ( \(^{1}\hbox {H NMR}\) , \(^{13}\hbox {C}\) NMR and IR) of eight ionic liquids IL 1-8 , assignment of IR stretching frequencies (Table S1 and Table S2), solvent miscibility table of ionic liquids (Table S3) and the calibration graph of HMF concentration (Figure S2). (springer.com)
  • done
  • The characterizations of dicationic ionic liquids were done using \({}^{1}\hbox {H NMR}\) , \({}^{13}\hbox {C NMR}\) , IR and TGA analyses. (springer.com)
  • present
  • The present invention addresses the problem of preparing an intracellular enzyme of yeast by a simple method. (patents.com)