• Thermal comfort and acceptability of air quality exhibit a strongcorrelation, whereas perceived indoor environmental variables have poor correlations amongthemselves. (aivc.org)
  • At a time of growing debate over the safety and usefulness of flame retardants added to consumer products, 1 new evidence is emerging about the breadth of human exposure to one of the most widely used of these compounds. (nih.gov)
  • Numerous epidemiologic studies have demonstrated that occupational or accidental exposure to organic compounds and metals result in illnesses including cancer, cardiovascular events and pulmonary diseases. (degruyter.com)
  • We conducted 14 interviews with parents who had participated in the University of Arizona's Metals Exposure Study in Homes and analyzed their responses using NVivo, a qualitative data management and analysis program. (mdpi.com)
  • Are the available site data-whether measured or modeled-of sufficient quality and quantity to evaluate the exposure pathways? (cdc.gov)
  • Environmental data indicate when and where contamination has been detected-insights that are useful for evaluating exposure pathways. (cdc.gov)
  • Chapter 6 describes the elements of exposure pathways in greater detail. (cdc.gov)
  • Environmental contamination data assist in addressing these questions, and Chapters 6 , 7 , and 8 describe how to identify substances and pathways of potential concern and how to interpret the environmental contamination data in a public health context. (cdc.gov)
  • Still, our ability to prevent allergic diseases is hindered by gaps in understanding of the underlying mechanisms and interaction of environmental, viral, and allergen exposures with immune pathways that impact disease development. (jci.org)
  • Children's exposure to tobacco constituents during fetal development and via environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure is perhaps the most ubiquitous and hazardous of children's environmental exposures. (aappublications.org)
  • Studies of each of these problems suggest independent effects of both pre- and postnatal exposure for each, with the respiratory risk associated with parental smoking seeming to be greatest during fetal development and the first several years of life. (aappublications.org)
  • The underlying mechanisms for what has been termed "developmental programming" have not been definitively established, although reprogramming of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis as a result of poor maternal nutrition and exposure of developing fetal tissues to excess glucocorticoids is thought to underlie developmental programming for some metabolic diseases of both humans and rodents ( 11 ). (pnas.org)
  • To date, effects on the nursing infant have been seen only where the mother herself was clinically ill from an toxic exposure. (cdc.gov)
  • Possible routes of exposure and common sources of potentially toxic biological, physical and chemical substances are identified. (cmaj.ca)
  • The brains of infants and children are extremely sensitive to toxic exposures in the environment. (kevinmd.com)
  • We know that even low levels of toxic exposure during these windows of vulnerability can cause lasting damage to the developing brains of infants and children. (kevinmd.com)
  • Mold is a natural part of the environment and people breathe it on a daily basis, but exposure to elevated levels of mold in the air in homes, schools or work environments can lead to indoor air quality (IAQ) issues and potential exposure concerns. (environmental-expert.com)
  • To study the effects of ETS better, we developed a survey instrument to measure ETS exposure in a cohort of adults with asthma living in northern California, where public indoor smoking is limited. (nih.gov)
  • Monitoring SHS exposure (SHSe) in indoor environments provides useful information on the extent and consequences of SHSe, implementing and evaluating tobacco control programmes and behavioural interventions, and estimating overall burden of disease caused by SHSe. (bmj.com)
  • Efforts to reduce lead in our environment - for example, by banning it as a gasoline additive - took many years to achieve because of industry opposition, but have been very successful in reducing our exposure to this toxin. (enn.com)
  • We reviewed the scientific literature for studies of wildfire smoke exposure on mortality and on respiratory, cardiovascular, mental, and perinatal health. (nih.gov)
  • Consistent evidence from a large number of studies indicates that wildfire smoke exposure is associated with respiratory morbidity with growing evidence supporting an association with all-cause mortality. (nih.gov)
  • Evidence has accumulated over the last decades that there is both an environmental and genetic component in neurodegenerative diseases (ND) and no disease is purely caused by one or the other though in familial forms of Alzheimer's (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD) or Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) heritable traits may play a greater role. (nih.gov)
  • SEATTLE , April 7, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- A $1 million grant from W.M. Keck Foundation will allow researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center to pursue an ambitious project to sequence DNA from the human immune system to shed light on the genetic signatures of a large number of pathogenic exposures, starting with 17 common viruses and bacteria. (prnewswire.com)
  • To further investigate the role of the environmental and genetic factors in the formation of ESCC in this endemic area, in this study we focused on inflammation pathway and interactions between gene-gene and gene-environment. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Identification of TPO blooming products after environmental exposure by Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) & gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry(GC-MS)," SAE Technical Paper 2018-36-0063, 2018, https://doi.org/10.4271/2018-36-0063 . (sae.org)
  • Chung Y, Dominici F, Wang Y, Coull BA, Bell ML. Associations between long-term exposure to chemical constituents of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and mortality in Medicare enrollees in the eastern United States. (springer.com)
  • Dr. Morton Lippmann assembles expert contributions by leading authorities on each of the twenty-five environmental agents examined, providing a critical review of the accumulated evidence concerning their known or likely impact on human health, especially after long-term exposure. (google.it)
  • However, you are pregnant and wonder if pesticide exposure could harm your unborn child. (cdc.gov)
  • You've just learned that you're pregnant and wonder if pesticide exposure could harm your unborn child. (cdc.gov)
  • This research hypothesizes that mechanistic modeling of VFS runoff and sediment trapping, integrated with an empirical, regression-based pesticide trapping equation and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) exposure framework, is able to effectively derive these VFS characteristics. (biomedsearch.com)
  • To test this hypothesis, a well-tested process-based model for VFS (VFSMOD) was coupled with the pesticide trapping equation and integrated with EPA's PRZM/EXAMS exposure package. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Many environmental factors harmful to reproductive health disproportionately affect vulnerable and underserved populations, which leaves some populations, including underserved women, more vulnerable to adverse reproductive health effects than other populations. (acog.org)
  • They also offer professional education to physicians, nurses and nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and others in reproductive and pediatric environmental medicine and within schools of medicine and nursing. (cdc.gov)
  • A novel method for calculating potency-weighted cumulative phthalates exposure with implications for identifying racial/ethnic disparities among U.S. reproductive-aged women in NHANES 2001-2012. (springer.com)
  • Animal studies that simulate the human DES experience have since shown that exposure of the developing reproductive tracts of CD-1 mice to DES imparts a permanent estrogen imprint that alters reproductive-tract morphology, induces persistent expression of the lactoferrin and c -fos genes, and induces a high incidence of uterine adenocarcinoma ( 13 - 15 ). (pnas.org)
  • PEHSU professionals provide environmental health education and medical consultation for healthcare professionals in reproductive and pediatric medicine and in medical and nursing programs. (cdc.gov)
  • Considering that current levels of POPs in women can also impact future generations, informative guidelines related to dietary patterns and exposure history are needed for women of reproductive age. (degruyter.com)
  • Exposure to high levels of manganese in air can also cause lung irritation and reproductive effects. (emsl.com)
  • The limited information available suggests that in utero exposure may be associated with a persistent deficit and that current exposure may produce an additional reduction in lung function. (bmj.com)
  • John Meeker, an associate professor of environmental health sciences at the University of Michigan School of Public Health and lead author of the EHP study, 3 says the high levels of TDCPP documented in the new studies may reflect ongoing and direct exposure. (nih.gov)
  • The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) jointly fund its programs. (autismspeaks.org)
  • The workshop will be held at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences in Research Triangle Park, NC, and will be webcast for those who are unable to attend in person. (nationalacademies.org)
  • Disorders like lupus, multiple sclerosis (MS) and Type I diabetes are on the rise, says Glinda Cooper, an epidemiologist with the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • NIEHS is committed to conducting the most rigorous research in environmental health sciences, and to communicating the results of this research to the public. (nih.gov)
  • NIEHS offers a broad range of job opportunities, career enhancement programs, and research training grants and programs in environmental health sciences and administration. (nih.gov)
  • The vision of the NIEHS is to use environmental health sciences to understand human disease and improve human health. (nih.gov)
  • The purpose of this funding opportunity announcement (FOA) issued by the National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) is to encourage interdisciplinary research aimed at promoting health, limiting symptoms and disease, and reducing health disparities in children and older adults living or spending time in non-traditional settings. (nih.gov)