Loading...
  • blood
  • It also influences blood sugar levels, energy storage in fat cells and energy utilization in terms of the body's metabolism. (healthhype.com)
  • Consumption of fibre supplements may be for: improving dietary intake, lowering blood cholesterol, alleviating irritable bowel syndrome, reducing the risk of colon cancer, and increasing feelings of satiety. (wikipedia.org)
  • increase
  • However, these substances do not just increase or decrease appetite, they also influence energy expenditure - the body's metabolism. (healthhype.com)
  • Diverticulitis is mainly attributed to the low fibre intake typical of the Western diet for which gradual increase dietary fibre over several weeks is common clinical solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adults
  • However, it is unknown whether this effect is evident among overweight and obese older adults, a population who would benefit from strategies to improve energy intake regulation. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • deficit
  • A validated mathematical method was used to calculate energy intake changes during a 52-week placebo-controlled trial in 153 patients treated with canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter inhibitor that increases urinary glucose excretion, thereby resulting in weight loss without patients being directly aware of the energy deficit. (nih.gov)
  • versus
  • To date, no randomised controlled trials are available that examine the effects of increased versus standard energy intake for preterm infants with (or developing) CLD/BPD. (cochrane.org)
  • Fourteen studies that appeared to be relevant were excluded, as no study directly compared increased versus standard energy intakes in infants with CLD/BPD. (cochrane.org)
  • cohort
  • In conclusion, there was a direct and independent correlation between renal function and energy intake in a population-based cohort of elderly men. (diva-portal.org)
  • Carbohydrates
  • Likewise, people with diabetes may be encouraged to reduce their intake of carbohydrates that have a high glycemic index (GI), although this is also controversial. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • The relationship between the body weight time course and the calculated energy intake changes was analyzed using principles from engineering control theory. (nih.gov)
  • Body weight and energy intake changes during placebo and SGLT2 inhibition. (nih.gov)
  • A) Observed changes in body weight (■) and the simulated changes with proportional control (solid curve) or integral control (dashed curve) of energy intake. (nih.gov)
  • Subjects were weight-stable (±2 kg for more than 1 year, determined by self-report), nonsmokers, without major chronic disease (ie, diabetes, coronary heart disease), and not taking medications known to influence food intake or body weight. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Reduce" can be defined relative to the subject's previous intake before intentionally restricting calories, or relative to an average person of similar body type. (wikipedia.org)
  • This occurs because a high amount of dietary calcium increases the amount of energy and fat excreted from the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • The biological importance of long form LepR via the JAK/STAT pathway in maintaining body weight and energy homeostasis has been demonstrated. (wikipedia.org)
  • calories
  • Findings are inconclusive because alcohol itself contains 7 calories per gram, but research suggests that alcohol energy is not efficiently used. (wikipedia.org)
  • density
  • This finding suggests that nutritional factors inherent to fast food, such as low levels of dietary fiber, high palatability, high energy density, high fat content, high glycemic load, and high content of sugar in liquid form promote excess energy intake. (nih.gov)
  • These foods have a low energy density, which is mainly due to the high water content and partly due to the fiber content. (wikipedia.org)
  • Female athlete triad is a syndrome in which eating disorders (or low energy availability), amenorrhoea/oligomenorrhoea, and decreased bone mineral density (osteoporosis and osteopenia) are present. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • However, setting high targets for energy intake for these babies may not be achievable. (cochrane.org)
  • All of the included trials were at high or unclear risk of bias in at least one domain and had only short term follow-ups (mean period seven weeks for weight, two weeks for energy intake). (bmj.com)
  • Studies have shown that saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats all have a higher excretion rate with a high calcium intake. (wikipedia.org)
  • In these studies, a high calcium intake is considered 2300 mg and a low calcium intake is considered 700 mg. (wikipedia.org)
  • A possible explanation to this phenomenon is that high intakes of calcium cause calcium soap formation and/ or binding of bile acids in the intestine. (wikipedia.org)
  • physiological
  • While training low has shown some potential physiological benefits in exercise performance [ 12 ], the effect of exercise in a fasted state on energy balance is not well understood. (hindawi.com)
  • Some physiological substrates that underlie food intake and alcohol intake have been identified. (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic
  • Consequently, the approach to conservation of energy from food has now been transformed into overeating and under-activity, generating a recipe of chronic disease and premature death. (wikipedia.org)
  • placebo
  • B). Calculated energy intake changes in the placebo group (◊) and the SGLT2 inhibitor group (◆) along with the mathematical model simulations (curves). (nih.gov)
  • beneficial
  • Increasing energy intake for these babies beyond standard levels may therefore seem beneficial. (cochrane.org)
  • Having found no suitable study to date that answers these questions, we are currently unable to provide any evidence on whether increasing the energy intake for babies with (or developing) CLD/BPD is overall beneficial. (cochrane.org)
  • Similarly, if hungry animals have a higher chance of dying from starvation than from predation, it is more beneficial to sacrifice vigilance to fulfill their energy requirements. (wikipedia.org)
  • weight
  • Data sources PubMed, Ovid Medline, and CINAHL were searched for randomised controlled trials published between January 1990 and January 2018 investigating the effect of breakfast on weight or energy intake. (bmj.com)
  • Results Of 13 included trials, seven examined the effect of eating breakfast on weight change, and 10 examined the effect on energy intake. (bmj.com)
  • 2006). Sweetened drinks containing either sucrose alone or sucrose in combination with fructose appear to lead to weight gain due to increase energy intake. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other studies specifically show that dairy sources of calcium demonstrate greater weight loss than supplemental calcium intake. (wikipedia.org)
  • Protein
  • Similarly, malnutrition of both macronutrients (such as protein and energy) and micronutrients (such as iron, zinc, and vitamins) increase susceptibility to HIV infections by interfering with the immune system and through other biological mechanisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • His dietary philosophy is to avoid processed foods and dairy, reduce protein intake, eat a lot of raw plant-based foods and drink raw juices. (wikipedia.org)
  • stroke
  • Most "liquid-cooled" engines use some air cooling, with the intake stroke of air cooling the combustion chamber. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other risk factors: Lack of sufficient insulin (but enough to prevent ketosis) Poor kidney function Poor fluid intake (dehydration) Older age (50-70 years) Certain medical conditions (cerebral vascular injury, myocardial infarction, sepsis) Some medications (glucocorticoids, beta-blockers, thiazide diuretics, calcium channel blockers, phenytoin) HHS is usually precipitated by an infection, myocardial infarction, stroke or another acute illness. (wikipedia.org)
  • less
  • Darst explained that in regards to bad fats such as saturated fats, a person should limit the amount of fat to less than seven percent of their total energy. (dailytitan.com)
  • power
  • For its part, Alcan was concerned with locating its energy-intensive aluminum smelters in close proximity to an inexpensive source of hydroelectric power. (wikipedia.org)
  • It doubles as both sixth form area and classroom to teach about renewable energy with the power coming from a wind turbine and solar panels. (wikipedia.org)
  • area
  • The Precipice Sandstone is one of the primary intake beds for the Great Artesian Basin, giving the area where it lies exposed significance as a replenishment zone. (wikipedia.org)
  • water
  • On the west side of the reservoir, a 16-kilometre (9.9 mi) long intake tunnel running through the Coast Mountain range brings water to penstocks for a 2,600-foot (790 m) vertical drop to the 8 units of the 890-MW Kemano Generating Station. (wikipedia.org)
  • total energy
  • Comparison of rEI with energy requirements estimated by using total energy expenditure predicted (pTEE) from age, weight, height and sex using a previously published equation. (cambridge.org)
  • A multivariable regression model including lifestyle factors and co-morbidities was used for predicting total energy intake. (diva-portal.org)
  • The weight loss effects of water have been little studied, but it is plausible that consuming water with meals may reduce total energy intake and aid weight loss, particularly if water is taken instead of calorific drinks. (wikipedia.org)
  • daily
  • According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the average minimum daily energy requirement is about 1,800 kilocalories (7,500 kJ) per person. (wikipedia.org)
  • The median normalised daily energy intake was 105 (interquartile range 88-124) kJ, and directly correlated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) as determined by univariate analysis. (diva-portal.org)
  • Increasing the daily energy intake for these infants may improve their respiratory, growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes. (cochrane.org)
  • despite
  • When a predator (the largemouth bass) is present, smaller sunfish spend the majority of their time foraging in the reeds despite this choice reducing their food intake and seasonal growth rate. (wikipedia.org)