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  • glycans
  • Glycans are often used to decorate proteins at the bacterial surface or components of appendages, such as flagella and pili ( 38 ). (asm.org)
  • Nevertheless, it was as long ago as 1976 that Mescher and Strominger reported that the S-layer protein from an archaeal prokaryote, Halobacterium salinarum , contained glycans covalently linked to asparagine residues [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • acceptor
  • This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, to be specific, those transferring phosphorus-containing groups (phosphotransferases) with an alcohol group as acceptor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phospholipids
  • This review attempts to explain why consuming extra myo inositol (Ins), an essential component of membrane phospholipids, is often beneficial for patients with conditions characterised by insulin resistance, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. (cambridge.org)
  • In the plasma membrane, flippases transfer specific phospholipids selectively, so that different types become concentrated in each monolayer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lp(a) carries cholesterol and binds atherogenic proinflammatory oxidized phospholipids as a preferential carrier of oxidized phospholipids in human plasma, which attract inflammatory cells to vessel walls and leads to smooth muscle cell proliferation. (wikipedia.org)
  • bloc
  • In both cases, sugars are transferred en bloc by an oligosaccharyltransferase (OTase) named PglL in N. meningitidis and PilO in P. aeruginosa . (asm.org)
  • receptor
  • Lipid signaling, broadly defined, refers to any biological signaling event involving a lipid messenger that binds a protein target, such as a receptor, kinase or phosphatase, which in turn mediate the effects of these lipids on specific cellular responses. (wikipedia.org)
  • involves
  • Algal fuel production involves mass cultivation, biomass harvest and drying, lipid extraction, and finally chemical transesterification for formation of biodiesel. (aocs.org)
  • One theory for the size to plasma level correlation involves difference rates of protein synthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • glycoprotein
  • The high mannose content of glycoprotein compositions, particularly therapeutic antibodies, can significantly affect the safety and efficacy of such proteins during therapeutic use. (allindianpatents.com)
  • cell
  • Information transfer across this structure is closely controlled to maintain homeostasis and regulate cell responses to external stimuli. (dovepress.com)
  • Cell biological, biochemical and clinical topics are included in this book, which serve to emphasize the acknowledged and important benefits to be gained from the study of cholesterol and cholesterol-binding proteins within the biomedical sciences and the involvement of cholesterol in several clinical disorders. (epa.gov)
  • In this review we focus on the interaction of viral proteins with important regulators of cell cycle-oncoproteins YB-1, p53, and cyclin D1-which play a major role in cell proliferation, apoptosis, DNA repair, and genomic stability. (hindawi.com)
  • Genetic variants of HCV accumulate in patients and alter these interactions of host cell proteins. (hindawi.com)
  • Therefore, understanding the interactions between viral proteins and host cell proteins is very important to develop drugs for these liver diseases and HCC. (hindawi.com)
  • Paul Erlich's findings as early as 1883 noted that from the microscope he could tell that glycogen in the cell was always found with what he called a carrier, later known to be protein. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bulk of lipid in a cell membrane provides a fluid matrix for proteins to rotate and laterally diffuse for physiological functioning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of its proteins were then synthesized in the cytoplasm of the host cell, and imported back into the chloroplast (formerly the cyanobacterium). (wikipedia.org)
  • and in some cases (iii) an envelope of lipids that surrounds the protein coat when they are outside a cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • Indeed, most algae species start to accumulate considerable amount of lipids (up to 70% by dry weight) only when subjected to stresses, the most effective one being nitrogen removal . (aocs.org)
  • Glutathione is capable of preventing damage to important cellular components caused by reactive oxygen species such as free radicals, peroxides, lipid peroxides, and heavy metals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cytochrome c is a highly conserved protein across the spectrum of species, found in plants, animals, and many unicellular organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • glycolipids
  • In particular, a different mechanism operates for glycolipids-the lipids that show the most striking and consistent asymmetric distribution in animal cells. (wikipedia.org)