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  • oxidase
  • In plants, apoplastic enzyme respiratory burst oxidase homologs (RBOHs) or NADPH oxidases play a major role in originating ROS wave through the other network of ROS production as well. (springer.com)
  • species
  • In addition, the use of engineered male sterile plants would be especially useful to produce environmentally friendly transgenic plants carrying new traits by preventing gene flow between the genetically modified ornamentals and related plant species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The genus Pelargonium (family Geraniaceae), with more than 200 species, represents one of the most popular garden plants around the world, having a considerable economic importance in the market of ornamental plants. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Juglone (5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone) has been identified in organs of many plant species within Juglandaceae family. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Lachenalia species are endemic southern African plants with narrow geographical distribution, and are well-traded as ornamental plants in the international floriculture industry. (springer.com)
  • In this review, we explore how colonization by either single non-pathogenic microbe species or a community of such microbes belowground affects plant growth and defense and how this affects the interactions of plants with aboveground insects at different trophic levels. (frontiersin.org)
  • Most studies in this area, however, mainly address plant interactions with single species of non-pathogenic microbes. (frontiersin.org)
  • Therefore, a shift should be made from studying single microbial species to investigating the community of root inhabiting microbes and its effects on plant-insect interactions. (frontiersin.org)
  • Radiata pine ( Pinus radiata D. Don) is one of the most widely planted exotic pine species in rainfall environments of the Southern hemisphere (Yan et al. (springer.com)
  • Plants continuously produce active oxygen species (AOS) such as superoxide radical ( · O 2 - ), hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ), and singlet oxygen ( 1 O 2 ) as a consequence of normal cellular metabolism. (plantcell.org)
  • explants
  • It is also beneficial to develop methods to propagate explants from adult plants of genotypes tested for agronomic performance. (biomedcentral.com)
  • predominate
  • Trans -isomers of cytokinins (CK) are thought to predominate and have greater biological activity than corresponding cis -isomers in higher plants. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Isopentenyladenine-9-glucoside increased dramatically in the developing seedlings and after 144 h was the predominate cytokinin. (cas.cz)
  • molecules
  • Therefore, SLs are viewed as integrative signaling molecules coupling nutrient availability and microbial symbiosis to plant architecture and productivity. (mdpi.com)
  • metabolites
  • Phosphorus (P) is an essential plant nutrients and is incorporated in numerous metabolites including sugar phosphates, nucleotides and nucleic acids, phospholipids, phosphoproteins and energy-rich compounds like adenosine triphosphate (ATP). (mdpi.com)
  • Under normal conditions, plants rapidly metabolize these AOS with the help of constitutive antioxidant enzymes or metabolites ( Scandalios, 1997 ). (plantcell.org)
  • tissues
  • Here, we review advances, current trends and future perspectives in the analysis of all currently known plant hormones and the associated problems of extracting them from plant tissues and separating them from the numerous potentially interfering compounds. (springer.com)
  • Prior to extraction, plant material must be homogenised to break the cell walls in the tissues (Harrison 2011 ) and thus allow any hormones present to migrate to an appropriate extraction solvent. (springer.com)
  • In fact, Holland (1997) recently proposed that CK are not formed by plants at all but rather by bacterial symbionts that colonize plant tissues. (plantphysiol.org)
  • A common characteristic of parasitic plants is the formation of haustoria, i.e., multicellular organs that attach to and penetrate the host tissues. (plantcell.org)
  • synthesis
  • Their homeostasis is regulated by the rate of de novo synthesis, the import rate, the formation and breakdown of cytokinin conjugates (which are mainly glycosides), and the rate of export and catabolism ( Mok and Mok, 2001 ). (plantcell.org)
  • For instance, in the presence of plant pathogens or insect herbivores, plants will allocate resources to the synthesis of defense compounds and as a consequence plant growth will decrease. (frontiersin.org)
  • seedlings
  • Endogenous cytokinins were quantified and identified in germinating achenes and developing seedlings of Tagetes minuta L. incubated at 25 °C over a 144 h period. (cas.cz)
  • derivatives
  • The individual cytokinin groups and the respective derivatives within each group did, however, not follow such a consistent trend. (cas.cz)
  • leaf
  • It is suggested that cytokinins may play a role in controlling water permeability of the leaf tissue. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Here, we confirmed that paclobutrazol inhibited plant height and leaf size in Lilium Longiflorum-Asiatic hybrid, and then RNA-Seq technique was employed to analyze gene transcripts of Lilium Longiflorum-Asiatic hybrid leaves by paclobutrazol treatment in order to get a deeper insight into dwarfism mechanism of lily. (frontiersin.org)