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  • encodings
  • To encode code points higher than the length of the code unit, such as above 256 for 8-bit units, the solution was to implement variable-width encodings where an escape sequence would signal that subsequent bits should be parsed as a higher code point. (wikipedia.org)
  • stimulus
  • For example, one will often be more successful in recalling a stimulus while chewing bubble gum if one were also chewing gum when one originally encoded the new stimulus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main conclusion of this study was that the dynamics of the Ca2+-mobilizing IP3 signal is essentially AFM encoding with respect to the stimulus whereas Ca2+ oscillations can be either FM or AFM but not solely AM. It was argued that the AFM nature of the Ca2+-mobilizing IP3 signal could represent the ideal solution to optimally translate pulsed or discontinuous extracellular signals into intracellular continuous-like Ca2+ oscillations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Calcium encoding can be confined within a single cell or involve cell ensembles and deploy essential computational tasks, such as stimulus integration or regulated activation of gene transcription. (wikipedia.org)
  • Delta encodin
  • Another instance of use of delta encoding is RFC 3229, "Delta encoding in HTTP", which proposes that HTTP servers should be able to send updated Web pages in the form of differences between versions (deltas), which should decrease Internet traffic, as most pages change slowly over time, rather than being completely rewritten repeatedly: This document describes how delta encoding can be supported as a compatible extension to HTTP/1.1. (wikipedia.org)
  • of Saarbruecken Y. Goland A. van Hoff Marimba D. Hellerstein ERS/USDA January 2002 Delta encoding in HTTP Status of this Memo This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. (ietf.org)
  • RFC 3229 Delta encoding in HTTP January 2002 Table of Contents 1 Introduction. (ietf.org)
  • RFC 3229 Delta encoding in HTTP January 2002 15 References. (ietf.org)
  • sequence
  • Through the ENCODE pilot project, National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) assessed the abilities of different approaches to be scaled up for an effort to analyse the entire human genome and to find gaps in the ability to identify functional elements in genomic sequence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Organizational encoding is the course of classifying information permitting to the associations amid a sequence of terms. (wikipedia.org)
  • A code unit is a bit sequence used to encode each character of a repertoire within a given encoding form. (wikipedia.org)
  • wherein the encoding codes the sequence of video data according to the final set of encoding parameters. (google.ca)
  • 6. The method of claim 3 , wherein the comparing comprises estimating processing resources available at the target decoder according to decoding costs induced by encoding parameters of a prior coded sequence of video data. (google.ca)
  • Byte
  • Percent-encoding a reserved character involves converting the character to its corresponding byte value in ASCII and then representing that value as a pair of hexadecimal digits. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the publication of RFC 1738 in 1994 it has been specified that schemes that provide for the representation of binary data in a URI must divide the data into 8-bit bytes and percent-encode each byte in the same manner as above. (wikipedia.org)
  • For programmers, the most familiar form of encoding is the compilation of a programming language into machine code or byte-code. (wikipedia.org)
  • When a message is encoded, the keys and values are concatenated into a byte stream. (google.com)
  • context
  • When a character from the reserved set (a "reserved character") has special meaning (a "reserved purpose") in a certain context, and a URI scheme says that it is necessary to use that character for some other purpose, then the character must be percent-encoded. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reserved characters that have no reserved purpose in a particular context may also be percent-encoded but are not semantically different from those that are not. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arabic
  • ЯUSSIAИ" Arabic Chat Alphabet - the same idea in Arabic Mojibake Greeklish A note of cancellation of automatic volapuk encoding (1997) (in Russian) Instructions at the Ukrainian chat server Nyshporka Archived 2007-01-01 at the Wayback Machine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morse code was introduced in the 1840s and is used to encode each letter of the Latin alphabet, each Arabic numeral, and some other characters via a series of long and short presses of a telegraph key. (wikipedia.org)
  • symbols
  • What remains to be seen is whether linguistic representation is expressed at the time of recall or whether the representational methods used (such as recordings, videos, symbols, etc.) participate in a more fundamental role in encoding and preservation of information in memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Character
  • Most double encoding works by encoding the character[s] you what to put in, so that it really decrypts the message to input illegal characters. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, the 7-bit character encoding of the early days was an additional hindrance. (wikipedia.org)
  • The characters allowed in a URI are either reserved or unreserved (or a percent character as part of a percent-encoding). (wikipedia.org)
  • Using percent-encoding, reserved characters are represented using special character sequences. (wikipedia.org)
  • The character does not need to be percent-encoded when it has no reserved purpose. (wikipedia.org)
  • URIs that differ only by whether an unreserved character is percent-encoded or appears literally are equivalent by definition, but URI processors, in practice, may not always recognize this equivalence. (wikipedia.org)
  • In computing character encoding is used to represent a repertoire of characters by some kind of encoding system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Character encoding using internationally accepted standards permits worldwide interchange of text in electronic form. (wikipedia.org)
  • The need to support more writing systems for different languages, including the CJK family of East Asian scripts, required support for a far larger number of characters and demanded a systematic approach to character encoding rather than the previous ad hoc approaches. (wikipedia.org)
  • binary
  • Early binary repertoires include Bacon's cipher, Braille, International maritime signal flags, and the 4-digit encoding of Chinese characters for a Chinese telegraph code (Hans Schjellerup, 1869). (wikipedia.org)
  • IBM's Binary Coded Decimal (BCD) was a six-bit encoding scheme used by IBM in as early as 1959 in its 1401 and 1620 computers, and in its 7000 Series (for example, 704, 7040, 709 and 7090 computers), as well as in associated peripherals. (wikipedia.org)
  • IBM's Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code (usually abbreviated as EBCDIC) is an eight-bit encoding scheme developed in 1963. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • For example, letter 'щ' can be encoded in more than 15 different ways). (wikipedia.org)
  • With this regard, the same mode of calcium encoding could be shared by different cells, providing synchronization or the functional basis to implement more complex computational tasks. (wikipedia.org)
  • You don't need to understand this to use protocol buffers in your applications, but it can be very useful to know how different protocol buffer formats affect the size of your encoded messages. (google.com)
  • texts
  • MacGreek encoding or Macintosh Greek encoding is used in Apple Macintosh computers to represent texts in the Greek language that uses the Greek script. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mazovia encoding is used under DOS to represent Polish texts. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is important that we all encode in a consistent manner and that we think through the complexities of the texts carefully before attempting to encode them. (coverpages.org)
  • primarily
  • The ENCODE Consortium is composed primarily of scientists who were funded by US National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI). (wikipedia.org)
  • retrieval
  • The efficiency and success of encoding (and subsequent retrieval) is largely dependent upon the type of associations you choose to make. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various strategies can be applied such as chunking and mnemonics to aid in encoding, and in some cases, allow deep processing, and optimizing retrieval. (wikipedia.org)
  • buffer
  • To understand your simple protocol buffer encoding, you first need to understand varints . (google.com)
  • As you saw in the previous section, all the protocol buffer types associated with wire type 0 are encoded as varints. (google.com)
  • Converts the string to a given encoding and stores it in a buffer. (apple.com)
  • ability
  • Some of these problems had to be addressed in the ENCODE technology development phase, which aimed to devise new laboratory and computational methods that would improve our ability to identify known functional sequences or to discover new functional genomic elements. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several theories suggest that ability to recall information is heightened when physical and mental conditions match those experienced when the information was first encoded. (wikipedia.org)
  • Memory has the ability to encode, store and recall information. (wikipedia.org)
  • explains
  • The concept of calcium encoding explains how Ca2+ ions act as intracellular messengers, relaying information within cells to regulate their activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • This article explains some guidelines for content languages and encoding your site. (google.com)
  • widespread
  • BCD extended existing simple four-bit numeric encoding to include alphabetic and special characters, mapping it easily to punch-card encoding which was already in widespread use. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1986, the Polish National Bank (NBP) adopted the Mazovia encoding as a standard, thereby causing its widespread acceptance and distribution in Poland. (wikipedia.org)
  • identical
  • The same encoding was also called code page 991 (CP991) in some Polish software, however, the FreeDOS implementation of code page 991 seems not to be identical to this original encoding. (wikipedia.org)
  • code
  • JScript.Encode is a method created by Microsoft used to encode both server and Client-side JavaScript or VB Script source code in order to protect the source code from copying. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unipolar encoding is a line code. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is the simplest line code, directly encoding the bitstream, and is analogous to on-off keying in modulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • This encoding is also known as Code Page 10006. (wikipedia.org)
  • Representations of characters encoded using Morse code varied in length. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Baudot code, a five-bit encoding, was created by Émile Baudot in 1870, patented in 1874, modified by Donald Murray in 1901, and standardized by CCITT as International Telegraph Alphabet No. 2 (ITA2) in 1930. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some ambiguity exists in the official code page assignment for the Mazovia encoding: PTS-DOS and S/DOS support this encoding under code page 667 (CP667). (wikipedia.org)
  • The DOS code page switching file NECPINW.CPI for NEC Pinwriters supports the Mazovia encoding under both code pages 667 and 991. (wikipedia.org)
  • FreeDOS has meanwhile introduced support for the original Mazovia encoding under code page 790 (CP790) as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several variants of this encoding exists: Mazovia 157 (ś is at code point 157 instead of 158) Fido Mazovia (ć is at code point 135 instead of 141 and Ć is at code point 128 instead of 149) FreeDOS Mazovia (złoty sign at code point 155). (wikipedia.org)
  • Kamenický encoding CWI-2 encoding Hardware code page The Polish text converter PLC, developed by Marcin Gryszkalis between 1997-1999, supports the standard Mazovia encoding under code page 991 as well as under the symbolic handle MAZ. (wikipedia.org)
  • depends
  • Encoding depends on the language as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • A critical aspect of Ca2+ encoding revealed by modeling, is how it depends on the dynamics of the complex network of reactions of underlying Ca2+-mobilizing signals. (wikipedia.org)
  • process
  • The ENCODE pilot project process involved close interactions between computational and experimental scientists to evaluate a number of methods for annotating the human genome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Calcium encoding (also referred to as Ca2+ encoding or calcium information processing) is an intracellular signaling pathway used by many cells to transfer, process and encode external information detected by the cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • given
  • Given the ubiquity of Ca2+ ions in cell physiology, Ca2+ encoding has also been suggested as a potential tool to characterize cell physiology in health and disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The actual encoding uses the principles and syntax given in the TEI Guidelines, as modified and amended by the WWP. (coverpages.org)
  • Returns a representation of the string as a C string using a given encoding. (apple.com)
  • Returns a Boolean value that indicates whether the receiver can be converted to a given encoding without loss of information. (apple.com)
  • uses
  • If you use one of the signed types, the resulting varint uses ZigZag encoding, which is much more efficient. (google.com)
  • regions
  • A set of regions representing approximately 1% (30 Mb) of the human genome was selected as the target for the pilot project and was analyzed by all ENCODE pilot project investigators. (wikipedia.org)
  • For use in the ENCODE pilot project, defined regions of the human genome - corresponding to 30Mb, roughly 1% of the total human genome - were selected. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Although it is known as URL encoding it is, in fact, used more generally within the main Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) set, which includes both Uniform Resource Locator (URL) and Uniform Resource Name (URN). (wikipedia.org)
  • small
  • ZigZag encoding maps signed integers to unsigned integers so that numbers with a small absolute value (for instance, -1) have a small varint encoded value too. (google.com)
  • memory
  • Encoding allows the perceived item of use or interest to be converted into a construct that can be stored within the brain[citation needed] and recalled later from short-term or long-term memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • These two interact, with the calcium memory being encoded and decoded by the membrane potential. (wikipedia.org)
  • When a memory is not stored in the brain's long-term memory, it is called an encoding failure. (reference.com)
  • Memory encoding is varied and affected by the senses. (reference.com)